115-119 Eighth Avenue (Brooklyn)

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115-119 Eighth Avenue
(Adams Residence)
115-119 8th Avenue Adams Residence.jpg
(2013)
Location 115-119 Eighth Avenue
Brooklyn, New York City
Coordinates 40°40′20″N 73°58′24″W / 40.672271°N 73.973424°W / 40.672271; -73.973424Coordinates: 40°40′20″N 73°58′24″W / 40.672271°N 73.973424°W / 40.672271; -73.973424
Built 1888
Architect C. P. H. Gilbert
Architectural style(s) Richardsonian Romanesque
Governing body private
Official name: Park Slope Historic District
Designated July 17, 1983
115-119 Eighth Avenue (Brooklyn) is located in New York City
115-119 Eighth Avenue (Brooklyn)
 

The Adams Residence at 115-119 Eighth Avenue at Carroll Street in the Park Slope neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City was built in 1888 as a double house, and was commissioned by Thomas Adams Jr., who invented the Adams Chiclets automatic vending machine. It was designed by noted architect C. P. H. Gilbert in the Richardsonian Romanesque style, and is considered to be one the best examples of that style extant in New York City,[1][2] "worthy of H. H. Richardson."[3] The house is built of sandstone, terra cotta and brick on a brownstone base, and was the first house in the neighborhood with an elevator. It has now been converted into apartments.

The building is located within the Park Slope Historic District, which was designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1973.

History[edit]

C. P. H. Gilbert, who had been trained as an employee of H. H. Richardson,[2] was the architect for the majority of the houses on Montgomery Place in Brooklyn, as well as many of the mansions on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan.[1]

At the turn of the 20th century, Thomas Adams' family moved to Riverside Drive in Manhattan, and their former house in Park Slope was occupied for many years by Alvin Edger Ivie, a relative by marriage of F. W. Woolworth. Ivie worked for the F. W. Woolworth Company and was also a director of the East Brooklyn Savings Bank.[1]

A long-surviving local tale says that the building is haunted: it had one of the first elevators in a private home, and when Adams went away, some of the servants are said to have gotten stuck in the elevator when the it stalled, and could not get out. By the time Adams had returned, says the rumor, the servants were dead.[4]

Description[edit]

In the Adams Residence, Gilbert designed a corner tower, projecting gable roofs and dormers, the building's warm and rich tones contrast with the other outstanding Richardsonian residence in the area, the Hulbert Mansion on Prospect Park West, designed by Montrose Morris. The Adams Residence's salmon-colored brick, sandstone and terra cotta contrasts with the cooler-hued limestone of the Hulbert Mansion; in the Adams house itself, the rusticated brownstone base contrasts with the texture of the smooth Roman brick above.[1]

The Eighth Avenue facade of the double house, which is dominated by the corner tower balanced by triple windows set in a hipped dormer, has a two-story curved bay topped by a brick parapet and an arched entrance balanced by an arched window, this entrance was used by Thomas Adams' son John Dunbar Adams, who occupied this side of the double house.[1][4]

On the Carroll Street side of the residence is the main entrance to the house, reached by way of a low stoop, the carved Syrian entrance arch is supported by clustered capped dwarf columns. Above the arch is a triple window, surrounded by the same naturalistic bas relief pattern of leaves which adorn the columns, the windows rest on columns topped by basketwork capitals. Also resting on dwarf columns are the arches which define the windows on the third floor. Under the gable, whose peak is adorned by more foliate carving, are four narrow windows which provide light for the attic floor, the first floor windows all have stone transom bars, with the transoms all made of exceptional stained glass.[1][3][4]

From the Carroll Street side it can be seen that the corner tower is round on the first floor, by polygonal above that, it is topped by a high octagonal roof covered in tile. An open-work brick balcony is attached to the east side of the tower.[1][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Staff (July 17, 1983) Park Slope Historic District Designation Report New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission pp.21-22
  2. ^ a b Morrone, Francis (2009) Architectural Guidebook to New York City Gibbs Smith. pp.393-94. ISBN 9781423611165
  3. ^ a b White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot & Leadon, Fran (2010), AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.), New York: Oxford University Press, p. 657, ISBN 9780195383867 
  4. ^ a b c d Morrone, Francis (2008) An Architectural Guidebook to Brooklyn Gibbs Smith pp.358-59 ISBN 9781423619116