115th Brigade (United Kingdom)

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The 115th Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army raised during both the First and Second World War.

First World War[edit]

It was raised as part of the new army also known as Kitchener's Army and assigned to the 38th (Welsh) Division. With the division, the brigade saw service on the Western Front.[1]

Order of battle[edit]

The 115th Brigade was constituted as follows during the First World War:

  • 16th (Service) Battalion (Cardiff City), Welsh Regiment (from October 1914, disbanded February 1918)
  • 10th (Service) Battalion (1st Gwent), South Wales Borderers (from November 1914)
  • 11th (Service) Battalion (2nd Gwent), South Wales Borderers (from January 1915, disbanded February 1918)
  • 17th (Service) Battalion (2nd North Wales), Royal Welsh Fusiliers (from July 1915)
  • 2nd Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers (from February 1918)
  • 115th Machine Gun Company, Machine Gun Corps (joined 19 May 1916, moved to 38th Battalion, Machine Gun Corps March 1918)
  • 115th Mortar Battery (joined 26 December 1915)

Second World War[edit]

Men of the 1st Battalion, Cheshire Regiment crossing the Rhine in Buffaloes at Wesel, Germany, 24 March 1945.

Disbanded after the war the brigade number was reactivated in the Territorial Army (TA), the British Army's part-time reserve, as the 115th Infantry Brigade shortly before the start of the Second World War, this time composed of three TA battalions of the Royal Welch Fusiliers, the 8th, 9th and 10th. The brigade spent most of the war in the United Kingdom as part of the 38th (Welsh) Infantry Division. From 2 August 1944, it formed Force 135 which was planning the reoccupation of the Channel Islands. In the event, the plan did not go ahead and the brigade left Force 135 on 30 January 1945. On 12 February, it moved to North West Europe where it remained until the end of the war serving variously under the direct command of VIII, XII and I Corps.[2]

Order of battle[edit]

The 115th Infantry Brigade was constituted as follows during the war:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "38th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Joslen 2003, p. 307

Bibliography[edit]

  • Joslen, Lt-Col H.F. (1990) [1st. Pub. HMSO:1960]. Orders of Battle, Second World War, 1939–1945. London: London Stamp Exchange. ISBN 0-948130-03-2.