116th Infantry Brigade Royal Marines

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116th Infantry Brigade Royal Marines
Active January to June 1945
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Navy
Type Infantry brigade
Engagements World War II
Insignia
Identification
symbol
Neptune's trident, in yellow, upright on an inverted scarlet isosceles triangle with domed base.[1]

The 116th Infantry Brigade Royal Marines was an infantry brigade formation of the Royal Marines created in the final stages of World War II.

Unit history[edit]

The unit was one of two created to address the manpower shortage of 21st Army Group in early 1945. The brigade was created on 1 January 1945 from former members of the Royal Marines Division, which had been broken up in 1943 and the troops distributed to Marine Commandos, or retrained as landing craft crew. They were quickly re-mustered as regular infantry, organised as a standard Army brigade.[1]

The 116th Brigade was sent into action in February 1945, serving under the First Canadian Army in the crossing of the Maas, and in the advance across the Rhine into north-west Germany to the naval ports, with the 28th Battalion particularly distinguishing itself in the fighting around Oldenburg,[1] and 27th Battalion fighting with the 4th Canadian Armoured Division in their advance through Oldenburg towards Wilhelmshaven.[2]

The brigade remained in northern Germany after the surrender as part of XXX Corps, with their headquarters at Buxtehude,[3] but operating in the naval ports of Wilhelmshaven, Emden, Brunsbüttel, and Cuxhaven, overseeing the capitulation of German naval ships and personnel, until returning to the UK at the end of June 1945 to be disbanded.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Badge, formation, Royal Marine Division & 116th Infantry Brigade, Royal Marines". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  2. ^ "Duilius". "Review of Royal Marine Operations, 1939–1945" (PDF). The Naval Review. XXXIII (3): 186. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  3. ^ "History of the 21st Army Group and BAOR: May 1945 to February 1949". BAOR Locations. Retrieved 22 December 2016.