1173 Anchises

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1173 Anchises
Discovery [1]
Discovered by K. Reinmuth
Discovery site Heidelberg Obs.
Discovery date 17 October 1930
Designations
MPC designation (1173) Anchises
Pronunciation /æŋˈksz/ (ang-KYE-seez)
Named after
Anchises (Greek mythology)[2]
1930 UB
Jupiter trojan[1][3]
(Trojan camp)[4]
Orbital characteristics[3]
Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 87.12 yr (31,820 d)
Aphelion 6.0232 AU
Perihelion 4.5678 AU
5.2955 AU
Eccentricity 0.1374
12.19 yr (4,451 d)
184.44°
0° 4m 51.24s / day
Inclination 6.9202°
283.91°
40.496°
Jupiter MOID 0.4727 AU
TJupiter 2.9670
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 170 km × 121 km × 121 km[5]
Mean diameter
99.55±0.85 km[6]
120.49±2.91 km[7]
126.27±10.7 km[8]
136+18
−11
km[5]
11.595±0.002 h[9][a]
11.596±0.005 h[10][b]
11.60 h[11]
0.0308±0.006[8]
0.035±0.002[7]
0.050±0.009[6]
Tholen = P[3][12]
B–V = 0.691[3]
U–B = 0.266[3]
8.89[6][7][8][12]
9.14±0.31[13] · 9.35[11]

1173 Anchises (/æŋˈksz/ ang-KYE-seez), provisional designation 1930 UB, is an unusually elongated Jupiter Trojan from the Trojan camp, very approximately 121 kilometers (75 miles) in diameter (the mean of several divergent estimates, although the latest studies suggest 136 km as a minimum). It was discovered on 17 October 1930, by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth at the Heidelberg Observatory in southwest Germany, and was the 9th such body to be discovered.[1][5]:2 It was named after Anchises from Greek mythology,[2] the dark P-type asteroid has a rotation period of 11.6 hours, the lowest spectral slope of all members of the Trojan camp, and an unusually smooth surface texture. According to IRAS, Anchises is the 7th largest Jupiter trojan, but its disputed size could ultimately mean a move several places up or down the list.

Orbit and classification[edit]

Anchises is located in the L5 Lagrangian point, 60° behind Jupiter in the so-called Trojan camp.[4] It orbits the Sun at a distance of 4.6–6.0 AU once every 12 years and 2 months (4,451 days; semi-major axis of 5.3 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.14 and an inclination of 7° with respect to the ecliptic.[3] The body's observation arc begins at Heidelberg with its official discovery observation in October 1930.[1]

Up to the year 2200, its closest approach to any major planet will be on 3 February 2120, when it will still be 2.669 AU (399,300,000 km; 248,100,000 mi) from Jupiter.[14]

Physical characteristics[edit]

In the Tholen classification, Anchises is a primitive P-type asteroid, a common spectral type among the Jupiter trojans.[3][12] It has the lowest spectral slope (i.e. flattest spectral response curve, thus most neutral color) among all members of the Trojan camp.[15]

Rotation period[edit]

In Summer 1986, the first photometric observations of Anchises were taken with the 0.9-meter telescope at the Cerro Tololo Observatory in Chile. Lightcurve analysis gave a well defined rotation period of 11.60 hours with a notably wide brightness variation of 0.57 magnitude (U=3).[11]

Between January 2016, and December 2017, three more rotational lightcurves were obtained by American photometrist Robert Stephens at the Center for Solar System Studies (U81) in California. They gave a concurring period of 11.595,[a] 11.596[b] and 11.599 hours[c] with an amplitude between 0.34 and 0.73 magnitude (U=3/3-/3?).[9][10] A high brightness amplitude is indicative for a non-spherical, elongated shape (see below).

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the surveys carried out by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the Japanese Akari satellite, the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, and astronomers revisiting the data from these three space-based telescopes, Anchises measures between 99.55 and 136 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.0308 and 0.050.[5][6][7][8] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link adopts the results obtained by IRAS, that is an albedo of 0.0308 and a diameter of 126.27 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 8.89.[12]

This makes it the 7th largest Jupiter trojan only according to IRAS (126 km), and would be at least 6th should the size indeed prove to be 136 km or more, while it is much smaller and a few places further down the list according to the NEOWISE survey catalog (<100 km).[16] One of the reasons for the large discrepancies in diameter estimates is possibly related to the results being derived from single-epoch observations of the asteroid, which is known for its large brightness variations (see above).[5]

Shape and surface[edit]

In 2012, an international collaboration revisited the WISE, IRAS and Akari observational data, as already suggested by the body's high brightness amplitude, the astronomers found that Anchises is significantly elongated, with best-fit dimensions of 170 km × 121 km × 121 km, which corresponds to a mean diameter of 136+18
−11
kilometers.[5] Due to a small phase coefficient and a lack of any noticeable opposition effect, astronomers at Cerro Tololo concluded that this Jupiter trojan asteroid possesses an unusually smooth surface texture – far less rough than the great majority of asteroids;[11] in case the surface of Anchises consist of bare rock, with high thermal inertia, the body's true diameter could be significantly greater than the estimated 136 kilometers, the study concludes.[5]

Naming[edit]

This minor planet was named after Anchises from Greek mythology, he is the father of the Trojan hero Aeneas after whom 1172 Äneas was named. The official naming citation was mentioned in The Names of the Minor Planets by Paul Herget in 1955 (H 109).[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lightcurve plot of (1173) Anchises by Robert Stephens (Feb 2016). Rotation period 11.595±0.002 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.61±0.02 mag. Quality code of 3. Summary figures at the Center for Solar System Studies (CS3) website and at the LCDB
  2. ^ a b Lightcurve plot of (1173) Anchises by Robert Stephens (Dec 2016). Rotation period 11.596±0.005 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.73±0.04 mag. Quality code of 3-. Summary figures at the Center for Solar System Studies (CS3) website and at the LCDB
  3. ^ Lightcurve plot of (1173) Anchises by Robert Stephens (2017). Rotation period 11.599±0.001 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.34±0.02 mag. Quality code of 3. Summary figures at the Center for Solar System Studies (CS3) website and at the LCDB

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "1173 Anchises (1930 UB)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 3 March 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1173) Anchises. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 99. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 3 March 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1173 Anchises (1930 UB)" (2017-11-29 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 3 March 2018. 
  4. ^ a b "List of Jupiter Trojans". Minor Planet Center. 2 February 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Horner, J.; Müller, T. G.; Lykawka, P. S. (July 2012). "(1173) Anchises – thermophysical and dynamical studies of a dynamically unstable Jovian Trojan" (PDF). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 423 (3): 2587–2596. arXiv:1204.1388Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.423.2587H. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21067.x. Retrieved 3 March 2018. 
  6. ^ a b c d "WISE/NEOWISE Observations of the Jovian Trojan Population (Online Data Query) (NB. pad asteroid # to 5 digits with leading 0s)". Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey (Online Data Query)". October 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d Tedesco, E. F.; Noah, P. V.; Noah, M.; Price, S. D. (October 2004). "IRAS Minor Planet Survey V6.0". NASA Planetary Data System. Bibcode:2004PDSS...12.....T. Retrieved 3 March 2018. 
  9. ^ a b Stephens, Robert D.; Coley, Daniel R.; French, Linda M. (July 2016). "A Report from the L5 Trojan Camp - Lightcurves of Jovian Trojan Asteroids from the Center for Solar System Studies". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 43 (3): 265–270. Bibcode:2016MPBu...43..265S. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 3 March 2018. 
  10. ^ a b Stephens, Robert D. (April 2017). "Lightcurve Analysis of Trojan Asteroids at the Center for Solar System Studies 2016 October - December". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 44 (2): 123–125. Bibcode:2017MPBu...44..123S. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 3 March 2018. 
  11. ^ a b c d French, L. M. (November 1987). "Rotation properties of four L5 Trojan asteroids from CCD photometry". Icarus: 325–341.MIT–supportedresearch. Bibcode:1987Icar...72..325F. doi:10.1016/0019-1035(87)90178-3. ISSN 0019-1035. Retrieved 3 March 2018. 
  12. ^ a b c d "LCDB Data for (1173) Anchises". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 3 March 2018. 
  13. ^ Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 3 March 2018. 
  14. ^ Horizons output. "Observer Table for Asteroid 1173 Anchises (1930 UB)". Retrieved 2012-04-04.  (Observer Location:@Jupiter)
  15. ^ Fornasier, S.; Dotto, E.; Hainaut, O.; Marzari, F.; Boehnhardt, H.; De Luise, F.; et al. (October 2007). "Visible spectroscopic and photometric survey of Jupiter Trojans: Final results on dynamical families" (PDF). Icarus. 190 (2): 622–642. arXiv:0704.0350Freely accessible. Bibcode:2007Icar..190..622F. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.03.033. Retrieved 5 March 2018. 
  16. ^ JPL Small-Body Database Search Engine: orbital class (TJN) and diameter > 50 (km) Archived 13 Dec 2012 at Archive.is

External links[edit]