117th Infantry Brigade Royal Marines

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117th Infantry Brigade Royal Marines
Active January to July 1945
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Navy
Type Infantry brigade
Engagements World War II
Insignia
Identification
symbol
A Naval fouled anchor in yellow, on a red circle set in a yellow eight-pointed star.[1]

The 117th Infantry Brigade Royal Marines was an infantry brigade formation of the Royal Marines created in the final stages of World War II.

Unit history[edit]

The unit was one of two created to address the manpower shortage of 21st Army Group in early 1945, the brigade was created on 15 January 1945 from former members of the Royal Marines Division, which had been broken up in 1943 and the troops distributed to Marine Commandos, or retrained as landing craft crew. They were quickly re-mustered as regular infantry, organised as a standard Army brigade.[2]

The Brigade was stationed in England until after the German surrender when it was moved forward to occupy the naval port of Kiel[3] as part of VIII Corps,[4] releasing 46th Highland Brigade for occupation duties elsewhere.[5] The Brigade was tasked with guarding naval installations and overseeing the capitulation of German naval ships and personnel,[2] it also had to deal with the arrival of ships carrying troops returning from the Eastern front, and also civilian refugees from Soviet-occupied Germany.[5] On one particularly busy night this involved taking command of 21 destroyers and removing 14,000 soldiers from shipping,[3] the Brigade returned to the UK in July 1945 to be disbanded.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Badge, 117th Infantry Brigade, Royal Marines". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Badge, formation, Royal Marine Division & 116th Infantry Brigade, Royal Marines". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Duilius". "Review of Royal Marine Operations, 1939–1945" (PDF). The Naval Review. XXXIII (3): 186. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  4. ^ "History of the 21st Army Group and BAOR: May 1945 to February 1949". BAOR Locations. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c "Royal Navy units in Kiel". BAOR Locations. Retrieved 22 December 2016.