117th Mahrattas

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117th Mahrattas
Active 1800–1922
Country  British India
Branch  British Indian Army
Type Infantry
Part of Bombay Army (to 1895)
Bombay Command
Colors Red; faced pale yellow, 1882 yellow
Engagements World War I

The 117th Mahrattas were an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army, the regiment traces their origins to 1800, when they were raised as the Bombay Fencible Regiment.

During World War I the regiment was attached to the 6th (Poona) Division and served in the Mesopotamian campaign, delivered a setback at the Battle of Ctesiphon in November 1915. They were forced to withdrew back to Kut, and forced to surrender after the Siege of Kut.[1]

After World War I the Indian government reformed the army moving from single battalion regiments to multi battalion regiments;[2] in 1922, the 117th Mahrattas became the 5th Battalion 5th Mahratta Light Infantry. After independence they were one of the regiments allocated to the Indian Army.

Predecessor names[edit]

  • Bombay Fencible Regiment - 1800
  • 1st Battalion, 9th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry - 1803
  • 17th Bombay Native Infantry - 1824
  • 17th Bombay Infantry - 1885
  • 117th Matrattas - 1903

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gardner, Nikolas. 2004 'Sepoys and the Siege of Kut-Al-Amara, December 1915-April 1916', War in History (journal) 11(3), pp. 307-326
  2. ^ Sumner p.15

Sources[edit]

  • Barthorp, Michael; Burn, Jeffrey (1979). Indian infantry regiments 1860-1914. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 0-85045-307-0. 
  • Rinaldi, Richard A (2008). Order of Battle British Army 1914. Ravi Rikhye. ISBN 0-9776072-8-3. 
  • Sharma, Gautam (1990). Valour and sacrifice: famous regiments of the Indian Army. Allied Publishers. ISBN 81-7023-140-X. 
  • Sumner, Ian (2001). The Indian Army 1914-1947. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-196-6. 
  • Moberly, F.J. (1923). Official History of the War: Mesopotamia Campaign, Imperial War Museum. ISBN 1-870423-30-5