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1183

Year 1183 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. Andronicus I Comnenus becomes Byzantine Emperor. June 25 – The Peace of Constance is signed, between Frederick Barbarossa and the Lombard League, forming the legal basis for the autonomy of the Italian city republics. Joseph of Exeter writes the first account of a sport resembling cricket. Three-year-old Emperor Go-Toba ascends to the throne of Japan, after the forced abdication of his brother Emperor Antoku, during the Genpei War. August 14 – Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures, flee to western Japan to escape pursuit by the Minamoto clan. November 17 – The Battle of Mizushima takes place. William of Tyre is excommunicated by the newly appointed Heraclius of Jerusalem ending their struggle for power; the Siege of Kerak is waged between the Ayyubids and the Crusaders, in which regent Guy of Lusignan refuses to fight. Saladin becomes sultan. Chagatai Khan, Second son of Genghis Khan, Khan of the Chagatai Khanate Philippa of Armenia, empress consort of Nicaea June 11 – Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England July – Maria Komnene, Byzantine princess October – Alexios II Komnenos, Byzantine Emperor November 23 – William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester Renier of Montferrat, Italian husband of Maria Komnene Queen Gongye, Korean queen consort

Azubu

Azubu was a live streaming esports website. In May 2017, it was succeeded by Smashcast. Azubu was founded in 2012 when Lars Windhorst noticed that children were using live streaming services to watch others play video games, with the biggest game being League of Legends. Windhorst claimed "it was exotic" to witness people. Over a four-year span, Sapinda Group, the firm that Windhorst owned, invested $40 million USD into Azubu. In 2014, Azubu announced partnered with fourteen League of Legends streamers including Faker of SKT T1 K and Madlife of CJ Entus Frost. Throughout much of 2016, several employees left the company, leaving Sapinda Group to fund Azubu less and less. Windhorst admitted that he had funded Azubu inefficiently and should have provided more sufficient funding. Sapinda Group would "drip-feed" funds to Azubu to accelerate growth. In April 2016 Azubu revealed that they had been developing a better video player and a revenue network that they released for their website; the same year, owned by Azubu, moved to EsportsWikis, although the old website is still functional.

In January 2017, Azubu revealed that they were no longer able to stream League of Legends due to a $2 million price hike in streaming rights. The same month, Azubu announced that they had acquired and were working on develop a new eSports platform. On May 9, 2017, Hitbox shut down, with the new release of the Azubu team and the Hitbox team's new platform Smashcast. Azubu haven't paid out the prizes for several esports events; the current CEO, Mike McGarvey, explained the reason as "Azubu’s previous management team made commitments to broadcasters and events far beyond the company’s means". As for the unpaid tournament winnings, McGarvey said, “There are a couple, the CS:GO is one of them, that we’ve not yet been able to find a settlement on; that is in a legal situation right now. Pretty much all the others we’ve been able to work with people or we’re in the process.” When asked for a timeline on paying out the debts owed to the CS:GO World Championship winners and the Dota 2 Game On invitational winners, McGarvey responded, “I don’t have specific timing other than we are working toward resolving these issues.”

St Bees Man

St Bees Man was the name given to the well preserved body of a medieval man discovered on the grounds of St Bees Priory, Cumbria, in 1981. His identity was subsequently established as that of Anthony de Lucy, 3rd Baron Lucy, who died in 1368 killed on crusade at New Kaunas, in what is now Lithuania. St Bees Man was discovered during an archaeological dig by the University of Leicester on the site of St Bees Priory; the 1981 dig examined two areas of the ruined chancel aisle at the west end of the priory. The aisle was built in about 1300 in the Decorated style, is thought to have fallen into ruin before the Dissolution of the priory in 1539 due to structural failure caused by poor foundations; the body was found buried in a wooden coffin, wrapped in lead sheet. Despite the lead sheet being damaged at the foot end, the body was in a remarkable state of preservation; the body was wrapped in two shrouds. Since the body's identity was unknown, he was dubbed "St Bees Man"; the coffin and contents were examined forensically over the following week.

The body was reported to exhibit pink skin and visible irises after being exhumed. An autopsy performed on the body shortly after its discovery indicated that the cause of death was most a haemothorax caused by a direct blow to the torso. Although the body was about 600 years old, his nails and stomach contents were found to be in near-perfect condition; the lead sheet in which the body was wrapped excluded moisture whilst the beeswax coating of the shroud excluded air. The identity of St Bees Man is now certain to have been that of Anthony de Lucy, who may have been born in 1332/1333 and was killed in 1368, fighting for the Teutonic Knights in the Northern Crusades against the Lithuanians; this was established in 2010 after an osteobiographical approach was taken in identifying the skeleton of the woman, buried with him, still available for analysis using modern methods developed since the remains were found in 1981. It is now evident that after his death the vault was enlarged to take the body of his sister, Maud de Lucy, who died in 1398.

It is possible that Anthony de Lucy was sent on crusade in Lithuania by Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, appointed to a supervisory role over the Wardens of the Marches in 1367, after Lucy had caused trouble on the English-Scottish border. Warwick had been on crusade to Lithuania and saw a way to re-direct the troublesome energies of Lucy away from the Scottish Marches.. A letter written by John De Moulton of Frampton to his wife in 1367, confirms that, it seems that John De Moulton died at New Kaunas, along with a Sir Roger Felbrigg, a Norfolk knight. The Moultons had close tenurial ties with the Lucy family. Anthony was the last of the male line and the de Lucy estates passed to Maud on his death. Maud inherited considerable estates after the death of her first husband Gilbert de Umfraville in 1380/81, in a move to ally herself politically with the Percy family, Henry Percy purchased the licence fee on Gilbert’s lands and, the hand of Maud in 1381. Maud's connection with St Bees is proven by an existing stone in the belfry which carries the quartered arms of the de Lucy and Percy families.

Maud insisted on this quartering as part of the marriage agreement so that the de Lucy arms should be perpetuated. There is an extensive history display in the priory. Effigies thought to be of both Maud and Anthony can be seen. Tollund Man Lindow Man Ötzi the Iceman Bocksten Man Presenters: Tim Sutherland, Helen Goodchild, Ian McAndrew, Chris Robson. "The Knight of Saint Bees". Medieval dead. Season 2. Episode 1. 60 minutes in. Yesterday Channel. Articles about St Bees Man on the St Bees Website