118th Mechanized Infantry Brigade (People's Republic of China)

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118th Division(1949-1953)
118th Infantry Division(1953-1960)
118th Army Division(1960-1985)
118th Mechanized Division(1985-1998)
118th Mechanized Brigade(1998-2017)
118th Combined Arms Brigade(2017-)
Active 1949-
Type combined arms brigade
Nickname(s) Rainstorm Troops(Chinese:暴风雨部队)
Engagements Liaoshen Campaign
Pingjin Campaign
Battle of Onjong
Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River
Battle of Kapyong

Chinese Civil War[edit]

During Chinese Civil War, this division is known as 7th division,3rd colomn,Northeast Field Army and was an element of 3rd colomn, which is nicknamed 'whirlwind colomn'. On 1947 September 30-October 1, the 7th Division and 8th Division covered 120 kilometers and ebcircled Kuomintang 116th Division in Weiyuanbao. On October 2, the 7th Division annilated the 116th Division with the assistance of the 8th Division. Its outstanding performance made it famous as Rainstorm Troops. In Liaoshen Campaign ,its a battaion found General Liao Yaoxiang's headquarter and attacked it, which made great contribution to the victory . Then it attended Pingjin Campaign and Battle of Hainan Island.

Korean War[edit]

The 118th Division was a military formation of the People's Volunteer Army (Chinese People's Volunteers (CPV) or Chinese Communist Forces (CCF)) during the Korean War with a standard strength of approximately 10,000 men. It was a component of the 40th Army, consisting of the 352nd, 353rd, and 354th Regiments.[1]

118th division was the first unit engaged with UNC in Korean war.On 1953 October 25, it and 120th division encountered ROK 1st and 6th divisions in Battle of Onjong ,and destroyed 6th division.[2] Then this division attended Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River and Battle of Hoengsong.

In the first period of Chinese Spring Offensive , 118th division undertook the mission to defeat ROK 6th Division and open a gap between US Marine 1st Division and US 24th Infantry Division on the direction of Kapyong—Mokdong-ri. 118th division's attack started on the dusk of 1951 April 22 and overran ROK 6th division within six hours, then its vanguards, 3rd battalion, 354th regiment reached Mokdong-ri on April 23,24:00, accomplished the division's mission, and engaged with British 27th Brigade in Battle of Kapyong.[3]

Current[edit]

The unit is part of the 80th Army (People's Republic of China) in the Northern Theater Command, as the 118th Combined Arms Brigade.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Appleman, Roy E. "Chapter XXXIX, The Big Question". South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu. United States Army Center of Military History. p. 768. CMH Pub 20-2-1. 
  2. ^ Kang Mei yuan Chao zhan zheng shi. 齐德学, 1950-, Zhongguo ren min jie fang jun jun shi ke xue yuan. Jun shi li shi yan jiu bu., 中国人民解放军军事科学院. 军事历史硏究部. (Beijing di 1 ban ed.). Beijing: Jun shi ke xue chu ban she. 2000. ISBN 7801373898. OCLC 46926874. 
  3. ^ Kang Mei yuan Chao zhan zheng shi. 齐德学, 1950-, Zhongguo ren min jie fang jun jun shi ke xue yuan. Jun shi li shi yan jiu bu., 中国人民解放军军事科学院. 军事历史硏究部. (Beijing di 1 ban ed.). Beijing: Jun shi ke xue chu ban she. 2000. ISBN 7801373898. OCLC 46926874. 
  4. ^ PLA Ground Forces Archived 2007-08-19 at the Wayback Machine.