1190s

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
Categories:

The 1190s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1190, and ended on December 31, 1199.

Events[edit]

1190

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts[edit]
Education[edit]
Religion[edit]

1191[edit]

By place[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Technology[edit]
  • The first reference to a windmill in Europe is made by a Dean Herbert of East Anglia, whose mills are supposedly in competition with the abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. This is probably an invention imported from interaction with the Muslim world, since the first windmills were most likely innovated from the Bana Musa brothers in the Islamic Middle East, during the middle 9th Century. The windmill will spread in the other direction, to be introduced to China by as early as 1219.
Religion[edit]

1192[edit]

1193[edit]

1194[edit]

1195[edit]

1196[edit]

1197[edit]

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Market[edit]
  • Rainy weather causes the harvest to fail in western Europe. One of the worst famines of the century ensues.[17]
Religion[edit]

1198[edit]

By place[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

1199[edit]

Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. 
  2. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 43
  3. ^ Jean-Claude Maire Vigueur (2010) L'autre Rome. Une histoire des Romains à l'époque communale (XIIe-XIVe siècle). Paris: Tallandier. pp.316.
  4. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9. 
  5. ^ Georg Haggren, Petri Halinen, Mika Lavento, Sami Raninen ja Anna Wessman (2015). Muinaisuutemme jäljet. Helsinki: Gaudeamus. p. 380. 
  6. ^ Grandsen, Antonia (2001). "The Growth of Glastonbury Traditions and Legends in the Twelfth Century". In J. P. Carley. Glastonbury Abbey and the Arthurian tradition. Boydell & Brewer. p. 43. ISBN 0-85991-572-7. 
  7. ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 44. 
  8. ^ Allen, Charles (2002). The Buddha and the Sahibs. 
  9. ^ Grousset, René (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9. 
  10. ^ a b c d Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 129–131. ISBN 0-304-35730-8. 
  11. ^ a b c Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 73–75. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. 
  12. ^ Sutton, Ian (1999). Architecture, from Ancient Greece to the Present. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-20316-3. 
  13. ^ Grousset, René (1959). The Rise and Splendour of the Chinese Empire. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 303. 
  14. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 60
  15. ^ Sulev Vahtre (2007). Eesti ajalugu: kronoloogia. 2007. Printed by "Olion". Pp 21
  16. ^ Unité mixte de recherche 5648--Histoire et archéologie des mondes chrétiens et musulmans médiévaux. Pays d'Islam et monde latin, Xe-XIIIe siècle: textes et documents. Lyon: Presses Universitaires de Lyon. 
  17. ^ Chester Jordan, William (1997). The great famine: northern Europe in the early fourteenth century. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-05891-1. 
  18. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 47
  19. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 62
  20. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 124
  21. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 63
  22. ^ Warren, Lewis (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 48.