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Tom Walters (association footballer)

Thomas Charles "Tom" Walters was a Welsh professional footballer. He played as a centre forward in the Football League for Merthyr Town, Bolton Wanderers, Crystal Palace, Exeter City, Torquay United and Clapton Orient, as well as in the Southern League for Dartford. Born in Trealaw, Walters started his working life as a coal miner, as well as a footballer for Merthyr Town, he moved to England shortly before his 21st birthday, joining Bolton Wanderers in May 1930, spending time at Crystal Palace, Exeter City and Torquay United. Walters joined Third Division South side Watford in 1935, he scored the only goal of the game on his debut, an away match at Bristol Rovers on 19 October 1935, scored in the next two consecutive games. He only played two further matches between November and March, but finished the season in strong goalscoring form, with two hat-tricks and two further goals in the last nine games of the season. Walters played 28 games the following season, scoring 9 goals, including Watford's goal in the second leg of the Third Division South Cup final, which they drew 3–3 on aggregate with Millwall, thus sharing the trophy.

In 1937 -- 38, his last season at the club, he played. After leaving Watford, Walters joined Clapton Orient on a free transfer in June 1938, joined Dartford a year later, he returned to Watford in 1940. The Football League was suspended due to the Second World War, but Walters made 34 appearances in wartime matches, scoring 16 goals. Following the war, Walters spent the remainder of his life as a publican, he died on 27 January 1968, aged 58

Social spam

Social spam is unwanted spam content appearing on social networking services, social bookmarking sites, any website with user-generated content. It can be manifested in many ways, including bulk messages, insults, hate speech, malicious links, fraudulent reviews, fake friends, identifiable information; as email spam filters became more effective, catching over 95% of these messages, spammers have moved to a new target – the social web. Over 90% of social network users have experienced social spam in some form; those doing the "spamming" can be fake accounts, or real people. Social spammers capitalize on breaking news stories to plant malicious links or dominate the comment sections of websites with disruptive or offensive content. Social spam is on the rise, with analysts reporting over a tripling of social spam activity in six months, it is estimated, depending on the site. In August, 2012, Facebook admitted through its updated regulatory filing that 8.7% of its 955 million active accounts were fake.

Commercial spam is a comment. Many of the old email spam content resurfaced on social networks, from Viagra ads, to work-from-home scams, to counterfeit merchandise. Recent analysis showed social spammers content preferences changing with apparel and sports accounting for 36% of all posts. Others included: porn and pills, SEO/web development, mortgage loans. Social networking spam is spam directed at users of internet social networking services such as Google+, Pinterest, LinkedIn, or MySpace. Experts estimate; these spammers can utilize the social network's search tools to target certain demographic segments, or use common fan pages or groups to send notes from fraudulent accounts. Such notes may include embedded links to pornographic or other product sites designed to sell something. In response to this, many social networks have included a "report spam/abuse" button or address to contact. Spammers, however change their address from one throw-away account to another, are thus hard to track. Facebook pages with pictures and text asking readers to e.g. "show your support" or "vote" are used to gather likes and shares which improve the pages' ranking.

The page is slightly changed and sold for profit. Bulk submissions are a set of comments repeated multiple times with the same or similar text; these messages called as spam-bombs, can come in the form of one spammer sending out duplicate messages to a group of people in a short period of time, or many active spam accounts posting duplicate messages. Bulk messages can cause certain hashtags to trend highly. For example, in 2009, a large number of spam accounts began posting links to a website, causing ‘ajobwithgoogle’ to trend. User-submitted comments that contain swear slurs are classified as profanity. Common techniques to circumvent censorship include “cloaking”, which works by using symbols and numbers in place of letters or inserting punctuation inside the word; the words are still recognizable by the human eye, though are missed by website monitors due to the misspelling. User-submitted insults are comments that contain mildly or insulting language against a specific person or persons; these comments range from mild name-calling to severe bullying.

Online bullies use insults in their interactions, referred to as cyberbullying. Hiding behind a screen name allows users to say mean, insulting comments with anonymity. User-submitted threats of violence are comments that contain mild or strong threats of physical violence against a person or group. In September 2012, Eric Yee was arrested for making threats in an ESPN comment section, he started out discussing the high price of LeBron James shoes, but turned into a stream of racist and insulting comments, threats against children. This is a more serious example of social spam. User-submitted hate speech is a comment that contains offensive content directed against people of a specific race, sexual orientation, etc. According to a Council of Europe survey, across the European Union, 78% of respondents had encountered hate speech online. User-submitted comments can include malicious links that will inappropriately harm, mislead, or otherwise damage a user or computer; these links are most found on video entertainment sites, such as YouTube.

When a user clicks on a malicious link, the result can include downloading malware to the user's device, directing the user to sites designed to steal personal information, drawing unaware users into participating in concealed advertising campaigns, other harmful consequences. Malware can be dangerous to the user, can manifest in several forms: viruses, spyware, Trojan horses, or adware. Fraudulent reviews are reviews of a product or service from users that never used it, therefore insincere or misleading; these are solicited by the proprietor of the product or service, who contracts positive reviews, known as “reviews-for-hire”. Some companies are attempting to tackle this problem by warning users that not all reviews are genuine. Fake friends occurs when several fake accounts connect or become “friends”; these users or spambots try to gain credibility by following verified accounts, such as those for popular celebrities and publ