1191

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1191 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1191
MCXCI
Ab urbe condita1944
Armenian calendar640
ԹՎ ՈԽ
Assyrian calendar5941
Balinese saka calendar1112–1113
Bengali calendar598
Berber calendar2141
English Regnal yearRic. 1 – 3 Ric. 1
Buddhist calendar1735
Burmese calendar553
Byzantine calendar6699–6700
Chinese calendar庚戌(Metal Dog)
3887 or 3827
    — to —
辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
3888 or 3828
Coptic calendar907–908
Discordian calendar2357
Ethiopian calendar1183–1184
Hebrew calendar4951–4952
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1247–1248
 - Shaka Samvat1112–1113
 - Kali Yuga4291–4292
Holocene calendar11191
Igbo calendar191–192
Iranian calendar569–570
Islamic calendar586–587
Japanese calendarKenkyū 2
(建久2年)
Javanese calendar1098–1099
Julian calendar1191
MCXCI
Korean calendar3524
Minguo calendar721 before ROC
民前721年
Nanakshahi calendar−277
Seleucid era1502/1503 AG
Thai solar calendar1733–1734
Tibetan calendar阳金狗年
(male Iron-Dog)
1317 or 936 or 164
    — to —
阴金猪年
(female Iron-Pig)
1318 or 937 or 165

Year 1191 (MCXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Technology[edit]

  • The first reference to a windmill in Europe is made by a Dean Herbert of East Anglia, whose mills are supposedly in competition with the abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. This is probably an invention imported from interaction with the Muslim world, since the first windmills were most likely innovated from the Bana Musa brothers in the Islamic Middle East, during the middle 9th Century. The windmill will spread in the other direction, to be introduced to China by as early as 1219.

Religion[edit]


Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

In fiction[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 43
  2. ^ Jean-Claude Maire Vigueur (2010) L'autre Rome. Une histoire des Romains à l'époque communale (XIIe-XIVe siècle). Paris: Tallandier. pp.316.
  3. ^ Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. 
  4. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9. 
  5. ^ Georg Haggren, Petri Halinen, Mika Lavento, Sami Raninen ja Anna Wessman (2015). Muinaisuutemme jäljet. Helsinki: Gaudeamus. p. 380. 
  6. ^ Grandsen, Antonia (2001). "The Growth of Glastonbury Traditions and Legends in the Twelfth Century". In J. P. Carley. Glastonbury Abbey and the Arthurian tradition. Boydell & Brewer. p. 43. ISBN 0-85991-572-7.