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11 Boötis

11 Boötis is a star in the northern constellation of Boötes, located 333 light years away from the Sun. It is near the lower limit of visibility to the naked eye, appearing as a dim, white-hued star with an apparent visual magnitude of 6.23. This body is moving closer to the Earth with a heliocentric radial velocity of −24 km/s, it has a stellar classification of A7 III, matching an evolved A-type giant star. The star is 328 million years old with a projected rotational velocity of 123 km/s, it has 1.67 times the mass of the Sun and is radiating 22 times the Sun's luminosity from its photosphere at an effective temperature of 7,997 K

2013 Great West Conference Men's Basketball Tournament

The 2013 Great West Conference Men's Basketball Tournament was held March 14–16, 2013, in Chicago, Illinois at the Emil and Patricia Jones Convocation Center. Per NCAA regulations as a new Division I conference, the Great West champion would not have received an automatic bid into the NCAA Tournament until 2020; the winner, did receive an automatic bid to the CollegeInsider.com Tournament. This was the final GMC men's basketball tournament as the conference dissolved after the season due to its member schools joining other conferences. With North Dakota joining the Big Sky Conference for the 2012-13 season, the conference used the same 5-team format they used for 2012 as the outline. Five teams participated in the 2013 Great West Tournament; this was the last Great West Conference Men's Basketball Tournament as Houston Baptist left the conference after this season to join the Southland Conference and Utah Valley, UTPA and Chicago State left the conference after this season to join the Western Athletic Conference.

The entire tournament was streamed online by CSU-TV

Norwich Castle

Norwich Castle is a medieval royal fortification in the city of Norwich, in the English county of Norfolk. It was founded in the aftermath of the Norman conquest of England when William the Conqueror ordered its construction because he wished to have a fortified place in the town of Norwich, it proved to be one of his two castles in the other being Wisbech. In 1894 the Norwich Museum moved to Norwich Castle and it has been a museum since; the museum & art gallery holds significant objects from the region works of art, archaeological finds and natural history specimens. The castle is one of the city's Norwich 12 heritage sites. Norwich Castle was founded by William the Conqueror some time between 1066 and 1075, it took the form of a motte and bailey. Early in 1067, William the Conqueror embarked on a campaign to subjugate East Anglia, according to military historian R. Allen Brown it was around this time that the castle was founded, it was first recorded in 1075, when Ralph de Gael, Earl of Norfolk, rebelled against William the Conqueror and Norwich was held by his men.

A siege ended when the garrison secured promises that they would not be harmed. Norwich is one of 48 castles mentioned in the Domesday Survey of 1086. Building a castle in a pre-existing settlement necessitated the destruction of existing properties. At Norwich, estimates vary that between 113 houses occupied the site of the castle. Excavations in the late 1970s discovered; the historian Robert Liddiard remarks that "to glance at the urban landscape of Norwich, Durham or Lincoln is to be forcibly reminded of the impact of the Norman invasion". Until the construction of Orford Castle in the mid-12th century under Henry II, Norwich was the only major royal castle in East Anglia; the stone keep, which still stands today, was built between 1095 and 1110. In about the year 1100, the motte was made higher and the surrounding ditch deepened. During the Revolt of 1173–1174, in which Henry II's sons rebelled against him and started a civil war, Norwich Castle was put in a state of readiness. Hugh Bigod, 1st Earl of Norfolk was one of the more powerful earls who joined the revolt against Henry.

With 318 Flemish soldiers that landed in England in May 1174, 500 of his own men, Bigod advanced on Norwich Castle. They took fourteen prisoners who were held for ransom; when peace was restored that year, Norwich was returned to royal control. The Normans introduced the Jews to Norwich and they lived close to the castle. A cult was founded in Norwich in the wake of the murder of a young boy, William of Norwich, for which the Jews of the city were blamed. In Lent 1190, violence against Jews erupted on 6 February it spread to Norwich; some fled to the safety of the castle. The Pipe Rolls, records of royal expenditure, note that repairs were carried out at the castle in 1156–1158 and 1204–1205; the castle was used as a prison for felons and debtors from 1220, with additional buildings constructed on the top of the motte next to the keep. The prison reformer John Howard visited it six times between 1774 and 1782; these buildings were demolished and rebuilt between 1789 and 1793 by Sir John Soane, more alterations were made in 1820.

The use of the castle as a gaol ended in 1887, when it was bought by the city of Norwich to be used as a museum. The conversion was undertaken by Edward Boardman and the museum opened in 1895; the forebuilding attached to the keep was pulled down in 1825. Although the keep remains, its outer shell has been repaired most in 1835–9 by Anthony Salvin, with James Watson as mason using Bath stone. None of the inner or outer bailey buildings survive, the original Norman bridge over the inner ditch was replaced in about the year 1825. During the renovation, the keep was refaced based faithfully on the original ornamentation; the castle remains a museum and art gallery today and still contains many of its first exhibits, as well as many more recent ones. Two galleries feature the museum's fine art collection, including costume, jewellery, glass and silverware, a large display of ceramic teapots. Other gallery themes include Anglo-Saxons; the fine art galleries include works from the 17th to 20th centuries, include English watercolour paintings, Dutch landscapes and modern British paintings.

The castle houses a good collection of the work of the Flemish artist Peter Tillemans. Norwich Castle is a Scheduled Ancient Grade I listed building. Visitors can tour the castle learn about the castle through interactive displays. Separate tours are available of the dungeon and the battlements. Although not permanently on display, one of the largest collections it holds is the butterfly collection of Margaret Fountaine. An unusual artefact is the needlework done by Lorina Bulwer at the turn of the twentieth century whilst she was confined in a workhouse; the work has featured on the BBC. G. T. Clark, a 19th-century antiquary and engineer, described Norwich's great tower as "the most ornamented keep in England", it was faced with Caen stone over a flint core. The keep is some 95 ft by 90 ft and 70 ft high, is of the hall-keep type, entered at first floor level through an external structure called the Bigod Tower; the exterior is decorated with blank arcading. Castle Rising is the only other comparable keep in this respect.

Internally, the keep. The uncertainty surrounding the keep's arrangement. What is agreed on is that i