12-cm Kanone M 80

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12 cm Kanone M 80
12 cm M.80 Minimalschartenkanonenrohr aus der Predilsattel Batterie, adaptiert für die Verwendung in hoher Batterielafette. Standort, Cellulosefabrik Seebach. Aufgen. 13.September 1915. (BildID 15461763).jpg
TypeSiege gun
Place of originAustria-Hungary
Service history
In service1881-1918
Used by Austria-Hungary
WarsWorld War I
Specifications
Weight1,700 kilograms (3,700 lb) (barrel only)
Barrel length3.2 metres (130 in) L/26.6

Shell19.8 kilograms (44 lb)
Caliber120 mm
BreechHorizontal wedge
Recoilnone
CarriageBox trail
Maximum firing range7,900 metres (8,600 yd)

The 12 cm Kanone M 80 was a light siege gun used by Austria-Hungary during World War I. Designed to replace the M 61 series of siege guns the M 80 family of siege guns offered greater range and armor penetration than the older guns. The proven steel-bronze was used for the barrel and the iron carriage lacked any system to absorb recoil other than the traditional recoil wedges placed underneath and behind the wheels of the carriage. These wedges helped to absorb the recoil force and encouraged the wheels to run forward to bring the gun back into battery. Generally a wooden firing platform was constructed for these guns in action to provide a level and smooth surface. Shortly after these guns were adopted a hydraulic recoil cylinder was adapted to absorb the recoil forces. It was attached to the underside of the carriage and the firing platform. For transport the barrel was removed from the carriage by a crane and carried separately.

While designed to penetrate the walls of fortifications the 12 cm siege gun was no longer useful against modern armored fortresses by the outbreak of World War I and its combination of long-range and light weight saw many in the field to fill the need for long-range artillery.

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ortner, M. Christian. The Austro-Hungarian Artillery From 1867 to 1918: Technology, Organization, and Tactics. Vienna, Verlag Militaria, 2007 ISBN 978-3-902526-13-7
  • Łukasz Chrzanowski "Artyleria Austro-Węgierska 1860-1890" Przemyśl, Wydawnictwo FORT, 2008, ISBN 978-83-923657-7-8

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