120th Infantry Brigade (United States)

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120th Infantry Brigade
1st Army.svg
Shoulder sleeve insignia
Active 1943–1945
1997–1999
2006 – present
Country United States
Branch U.S. Army
Type Infantry
Role Training
Size Brigade
Garrison/HQ Fort Hood
Engagements Bastogne
Decorations Presidential Unit Citation
Superior Unit Award
Commanders
Current
commander
COL Brian A. Payne
Command Sergeant Major CSM Carolyn Y. Donaldson
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 120InfantryBdeDUI.jpg
Designated but not authorized shoulder sleeve insignia 120InfantryBdeSSI.jpg

MISSION

The 120th Infantry Brigade is an AC/RC unit based at Fort Hood, Texas, the unit falls under command of First Army, Division West and validates United States Army Reserve & National Guard forces capability to execute operations in support of FORSCOM approved and Combatant Commander requirements.

VISION

All units deploying to theater are trained and ready to accomplish their assigned missions, the 120 IN BDE assigned and attached units are task organized to execute and support mobilization activities, and postured for continued success through maintenance of ready and resilient Soldiers, leaders, and units.

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted 26 March 1943 in the Army of the United States as Headquarters, 3d Armored Infantry Group
  • Activated 31 March 1943 at Camp Chaffee, Arkansas
  • Reorganized and redesignated 30 March 1943 as Headquarters, 3d Armored Group
  • Reorganized and redesignated 14 September 1943 as Headquarters, 12th Tank Group
  • Reorganized and redesignated 13 December 1943 as Headquarters, 12th Armored Group
  • Inactivated 20 October 1945 at Camp Gruber, Oklahoma
  • Disbanded 2 July 1952
  • Reconstituted 24 October 1997 in the Regular Army as Headquarters, 120th Infantry Brigade, and activated at Fort Sam Houston, Texas
  • Inactivated 16 October 1999 at Fort Sam Houston, Texas
  • Activated 1 December 2006 at Fort Sam Houston, Texas

Campaign Streamers[edit]

Conflict Streamer Year(s)
World War II
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png
Rhineland 1944
Ardennes-Alsace 1944
Central Europe 1945

Unit Decorations[edit]

Ribbon Award Year Notes
U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg Presidential Unit Citation 1944 Bastogne
Army Superior Unit Award ribbon.svg Army Superior Unit Award 2008-2011
Permanent Orders 332-07 announcing award of the Army Superior Unit award

History[edit]

During World War II, Headquarters, 12th Armored Group was attached to the 9th Armored Division to reinforce Combat Command R, the unit participated in the Siege of Bastogne under the command of the 101st Airborne Division and received the Presidential Unit Citation for participation in that battle.

The unit was formerly designated as 2nd Brigade, 75th Infantry Division, the brigade is a subordinate unit of U.S. First Army In 2006, as part of the Army's Transformation Plan, the 2nd Brigade, 75th Division was reflagged as the 120th Infantry Brigade. In September 2008, the unit was relocated from Fort Sam Houston to Fort Hood, TX.

Organization[edit]

The unit is composed of:

Heraldry[edit]

  • Distinctive unit insignia: The dark blue, the color traditionally used by the Infantry unit, denotes the Presidential Unit Citation awarded to the unit. The arched band refers to the unit’s World War II campaign in the Battle of the Bulge, the caltrops represent the defensive success by the Allies to protect Bastogne, Belgium from the German Army. The field of Gutte de Sang symbolizes the Battle of Ardennes, Siege of Bastogne, one of the bloodiest conflicts during World War II.
  • Shoulder sleeve insignia: The flag blue of the shoulder sleeve insignia is the color traditionally associated with Infantry units. The embattled pale suggests tank tracks, denoting the 120th Infantry’s lineage as an armored unit. Red symbolizes the Brigade’s striking capabilities, the bayonet signifies close combat, illustrating the Brigade’s mission.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Center of Military History document "Lineage & Honors for 120th Infantry Brigade".