122 mm howitzer M1909

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122 mm howitzer M1909
122mm model 09 37 hameenlinna 6.jpg
Soviet 122 mm howitzer Model 1909, at the Hämeenlinna Artillery Museum.
Type Field howitzer
Place of origin Russian Empire
Service history
Used by  Russian Empire
 Soviet Union
Wars World War I
Russian Civil War
Winter War
Production history
Designer Krupp
Designed 1909
Weight 1,340 kg (2,950 lb)
Barrel length overal:1.69 m (5 ft 7 in) L/14[1]

Shell Separate loading charge and projectile 121.92 x 159mm R
Shell weight 22.8 kg (50 lb)[1]
Caliber 121.92 mm (4.8 in)
Breech Horizontal sliding-block
Recoil Hydro-spring
Carriage Box trail
Elevation -1° to 43°
Muzzle velocity 335 m/s (1,100 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 7.6 km (4.7 mi)[1]

The 122 mm howitzer M1909 (Russian: 122-мм гаубица обр. 1909 гг.) was a Russian Empire 121.92 mm (4.8 inch) howitzer used throughout World War I.

Following the defeats of the Russo-Japanese War, Russia sought to modernize some of its equipment, which included the purchase of foreign designed artillery. Seeking new systems from both France and Germany, the 122 mm howitzer M1909 was developed by the German arms manufacturer Krupp.[2] Russia also bought a very similar system from the French arms manufacturer Schneider et Cie, the 122 mm howitzer M1910.

It was later updated by the Soviet Union as the 122 mm howitzer M1909/37 which saw combat in the German-Soviet War.

Weapons of comparable role, performance and era[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "FINNISH ARMY 1918 - 1945: ARTILLERY PART 5". www.jaegerplatoon.net. Retrieved 2017-09-06. 
  2. ^ 122 mm howitzer M1910 from Landships