1231

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Llywelyn the Great, who in 1231 launched a campaign against Normans in Wales.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1231 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1231
MCCXXXI
Ab urbe condita1984
Armenian calendar680
ԹՎ ՈՁ
Assyrian calendar5981
Balinese saka calendar1152–1153
Bengali calendar638
Berber calendar2181
English Regnal year15 Hen. 3 – 16 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar1775
Burmese calendar593
Byzantine calendar6739–6740
Chinese calendar庚寅(Metal Tiger)
3927 or 3867
    — to —
辛卯年 (Metal Rabbit)
3928 or 3868
Coptic calendar947–948
Discordian calendar2397
Ethiopian calendar1223–1224
Hebrew calendar4991–4992
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1287–1288
 - Shaka Samvat1152–1153
 - Kali Yuga4331–4332
Holocene calendar11231
Igbo calendar231–232
Iranian calendar609–610
Islamic calendar628–629
Japanese calendarKangi 3
(寛喜3年)
Javanese calendar1140–1141
Julian calendar1231
MCCXXXI
Korean calendar3564
Minguo calendar681 before ROC
民前681年
Nanakshahi calendar−237
Thai solar calendar1773–1774
Tibetan calendar阳金虎年
(male Iron-Tiger)
1357 or 976 or 204
    — to —
阴金兔年
(female Iron-Rabbit)
1358 or 977 or 205

Year 1231 (MCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]

  • April 9 – After a bizarre weather phenomena of yellowish clouds and dust chokes the air around Hangzhou, Song Dynasty, China, obscuring the sky and sun, a fire breaks out at night in the southeast of the city, which continues into the next day. Fighting the flames is difficult due to limited visibility. When the fires are extinguished, it is discovered that an entire district of some 10,000 houses in the southeast of the city were consumed by the flames.
  • Mongol troops cross the Yalu River into Korea, then under the Goryeo Kingdom.

Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]


Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rashdall, Hastings (1895). The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages. Clarendon Press. p. 85. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  2. ^ Peter Linehan (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In David Abulafia. The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–673. ISBN 0-521-36289-X.