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1267

Year 1267 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. February 16 – King Afonso III of Portugal and King Alfonso X of Castile sign the Badajoz Convention, determining the border between the Kingdom of Portugal and the Kingdom of Leon, ensuring Portuguese sovereignty over Algarve. May 27 – Treaty of Viterbo: Emperor Baldwin II of Constantinople gifts the Principality of Achaea to King Charles I of Sicily, in the hope that Charles can help him restore the Latin Empire; the Second Barons' War in England ends, as the rebels and King Henry III of England agree to peace terms, as laid out in the Dictum of Kenilworth. Treaty of Montgomery: King Henry III of England acknowledges Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's title of Prince of Wales; the city of Ostrava is founded. Roger Bacon completes his work Opus Majus and sends it to Pope Clement IV, who had requested it be written. Bacon completes Opus Minus, a summary of Opus Majus in the same year; the only source for his date of birth is his statement in the Opus Tertium, written in 1267, that "forty years have passed since I first learned the alphabet".

The 1214 birth date assumes he was not being literal, meant 40 years had passed since he matriculated at Oxford at the age of 13. If he had been literal, his birth date was more to have been around 1220; the leadership of Vienna forces Jews to wear Pileum cornutum, a cone-shaped head dress, in addition to the yellow badges Jews are forced to wear. In England, the Statute of Marlborough is passed, the oldest English law still in force; the "Grand Capital" is constructed in Khanbaliq by Kublai Khan, having moved the capital of the Mongol Empire there three years prior. Malik ul Salih establishes the first Muslim state in Indonesia. Spain attempts an invasion of Morocco, but the Marinids defend against the invasion, drive out Spanish forces. February 3 – Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel August 10 – King James II of Aragon Giotto di Bondone, Italian artist who marked the shift from medieval art to Proto-Renaissance art. Roger de Flor, Sicilian military adventurer, leader of the mercenary group Catalan Company February 21 – Baldwin of Ibelin, Seneschal of Cyprus March 3 or 4 – Lars, Archbishop of Uppsala March 17 – Peter of Montereau, French architect September 23 – Beatrice of Provence, countess regnant of Provence November 26 – Sylvester Gozzolini, Italian founder of the Sylvestrines November/December – Hugh II of Cyprus, king of Cyprus and regent of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Date unknown – John FitzAlan, 6th Earl of Arundel, Breton-English nobleman and Marcher Lord

Road to Rio (1931 film)

Road to Rio is a 1931 German crime film directed by Manfred Noa and starring Maria Matray, Oskar Homolka and Oskar Marion. It premiered on 15 January 1931, it was shot at the Babelsberg Studios in Potsdam. The film's sets were designed by the art directors Hans Otto Erdmann. Maria Matray as Inge Weber - das Opfer Oskar Homolka as Ricardo Oskar Marion as Karl Plattke Senta Söneland as Berta Andersen, Hotel Manager Louis Ralph as Felice Hertha von Walther as Marietta Kurt Gerron as Director for Casino Julius Falkenstein as Muchica, Pantagenbesitzer Eduard von Winterstein as Polizeikommissär Alexa von Porembsky as Die Unerfahrene Eugen Rex Maria Forescu Ernst Reicher Gustav Püttjer Karl Platen Fritz Greiner Erwin van Roy Georg Schmieter Loo Hardy Angelo Ferrari Aruth Wartan Grange, William. Cultural Chronicle of the Weimar Republic. Scarecrow Press, 2008. Road to Rio on IMDb

Alejandro Char Chaljub

Alejandro "Álex" Char Chaljub is the current Mayor of Barranquilla, who has served in the same office. A Civil Engineer and a politician with the Radical Change Party, he was councilor of Liberal Party in 1997, he ran in 2000 for the Governorship of the Department of Atlántico, but initial ballot results gave victory to his contender Ventura Díaz Mejía. After a lengthy and criticized process, the Administrative Supreme Court of Colombia reviewed the election results and found Char to be rightful winner of the race and allowed him to serve the remaining period of his term in 2003. In 2007 he was elected Mayor or Barranquilla with 221,625 votes equivalent to 58.38% of the total vote, the biggest margin of votes in the Mayoral election history of Barranquilla, according to an Invamer/Gallup poll, Char had a 75% approval rating in April 2008, the best ranked mayor of Colombia, a statistic that grew to an 80% approval rating at the end of 2008. In 2015 he was reelected for Mayor of Barranquilla beating the only adversary, the ex councilor independent Rafael Sanchez Anillo.

Alejandro comes from a well established and influential, Lebanese Colombian family, he is the son of Fuad Char Abdala, a Liberal former Senator of Colombia and former Minister of Economic Development, Ambassador of Colombia to Portugal, his wife Adela Chaljub de Char. His brother, Arturo Char Chaljub was Senator of Colombia, as is his cousin David Char Navas, his other brother, Antonio Char is the president of the supermarket chain Olímpica, many of his relatives are shareholders of Junior Barranquilla, the city's foremost soccer team. He married with Katia Nule Marino on August 1999 of Lebanese descent and a former winner of the Miss Carnival of Barranquilla pageant in 1995, she is the daughter of former Ministry of Mines and Energy and Minister of Communications Guido Alberto Nule Amín, of Ginger Marino Mendoza, a lawyer and activist. Together they have Alejandro Char Nule and Mariana Char Nule. "Official Profile of Mayor Char". Office of the Mayor of Barranquilla. Archived from the original on 26 October 2010.

Retrieved 2010-10-26. Interview with Mayor Alejandro Char. Barranquilla: El Heraldo. 20 October 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010

Industry of China

Industry was 40.5% of China’s gross domestic product in 2017. In 2007, industry occupied 27 percent of the workforce. In 2015, the manufacturing industrial sectors contributed to 40% of China's GDP; the manufacturing sector produced 44.1 percent of GDP in 2004 and accounted for 11.3 percent of total employment in 2006. China is the world’s leading manufacturer of chemical fertilizers and steel. Prior to 1978, most output was produced by state-owned enterprises; as a result of the economic reforms that followed, there was a significant increase in production by enterprises sponsored by local governments townships and villages, by private entrepreneurs and foreign investors, but by 1990 the state sector accounted for about 70 percent of output. By 2002 the share in gross industrial output by state-owned and state-holding industries had decreased with the state-run enterprises themselves accounting for 46 percent of China’s industrial output. In November, 2012 the State Council of the People's Republic of China mandated a "social risk assessment" for all major industrial projects.

This requirement followed mass public protests in some locations for planned expansions. Industry and construction account for about 48% of China's GDP. China ranks first worldwide in industrial output. Major industries include ore processing. China has become a preferred destination for the relocation of global manufacturing facilities, its strength as an export platform has contributed to incomes and employment in China. The state-owned sector still accounts for about 40% of GDP. In recent years, authorities have been giving greater attention to the management of state assets—both in the financial market as well as among state-owned-enterprises—and progress has been noteworthy. Since the founding of the People's Republic, industrial development has been given considerable attention. Among the various industrial branches the machine-building and metallurgical industries have received the highest priority; these two areas alone now account for about 20–30 percent of the total gross value of industrial output.

Florida Forestry China Trade Mission Report In these, as in most other areas of industry, innovation has suffered at the hands of a system that has rewarded increases in gross output rather than improvements in variety and quality. China, still imports significant quantities of specialized steels. Overall industrial output has grown at an average rate of more than 10 percent per year, having surpassed all other sectors in economic growth and degree of modernization. Industrial output growth 1978–2006 Some heavy industries and products deemed to be of national strategic importance remain state-owned, but an increasing proportion of lighter and consumer-oriented manufacturing firms are held or are private-state joint ventures. Since the 1950s, the trend away from the agricultural sector toward industrialisation has been dramatic, is a result of both policy changes and free market mechanisms. During the 1950s and 1960s, heavy industry received most attention and grew twice as as agriculture. After the reforms of 1978, more attention to the agricultural sector as well as a move away from heavy industry toward light resulted in agricultural output doubling with only marginal increases for industry.

Before 1978, state-owned and collectively owned enterprises represented 77.6 percent and 22.4 percent of China's public-ownership economy. The policy of reform and opening-up has given extensive scope to the common development of various economic sectors. Individual and private industrial enterprises and enterprises have mushroomed with investment from outside mainland China. Domestically and economic growth has been the focus of the reformist policies introduced by Deng Xiaoping, in attempting to achieve this, the leadership has implemented the Four Modernizations Program that lays special emphasis on the fields of agriculture, industry In the countryside, the "responsibility system" has been implemented and represents a return to family farming. Under this system, families lease land for a period of up to thirty years, must agree to supply the state an agreed quota of grain or industrial crops at a fixed low cost in return; the remaining surplus can either be sold on the free market. As a result, peasants have been increasing their agricultural output in response to these incentives.

Together with the responsibility system, there have been a number of reforms relating to rural businesses—especially in the spheres of commerce and manufacturing. The increase in personal income brought about through the responsibility system has led to a burgeoning of small-scale enterprises that remain in private hands. Reform of state-owned enterprises has always been the key link of China's economic restructuring; the Chinese government has made various attempts to solve the problem of chronic extensive losses in this sector and by now every state-owned enterprise has adopted the company system. After being transformed into joint stock companies, the economic benefit of the state-owned enterprises increased and their overall strength and quality were remarkably enhanced, gaining continuously in their control and lead in the wh

WMMJ

WMMJ is a Jammin' Oldies leaning Urban Adult Contemporary radio station owned by Radio One in the Washington, D. C. market. It is co-owned with WKYS, WOL, WPRS-FM, WYCB and has studios located in Silver Spring, Maryland, it is licensed to Bethesda. During the 1960s,'70s, early'80s, the station had been home to the original "progressive rock" formatted WHFS, which migrated to the higher powered Annapolis, Maryland-based 99.1 frequency. WMMJ simulcasts on WDCJ for the southeastern counties of the Washington metro. WMMJ broadcasts in the HD format; the WMMJ calls were used on current radio station WXRL in Lancaster, New York, from its sign-on in 1965 until 1970. In 1987, Cathy Hughes purchased WMMJ and changed the format from easy listening to Urban Oldies as Majic 102; the station has maintained this format for 20 years with it skewing its format more toward the 25-54 demographic as an Urban Adult Contemporary. Majic has been one of the market's leaders, delivering Washington's most loyal audience.

In 1999, WMMJ acquired the syndication rights of the Tom Joyner Morning Show from rival Urban AC WHUR-FM. In the summer of 2008, it became home to Mo'Nique in the afternoon until March 18, 2009, when Mo'Nique decided leave to "further her career in television and comedy". On June 23, 2010, WMMJ's live airstaff were let go in a surprise shakeup, despite the station posting its best numbers in the Washington Arbitrons; the shakeup began in April 2010, when PD were let go. WMMJ hired former WHUR morning man John Monds to be the new afternoon drive personality from 3 to 7 PM and Courtney Hicks as the new midday personality from 10 AM to 3 PM. Michel Wright has since replaced Courtney Hicks in Middays, Adimu replaced John Monds in afternoon drive, Donnie Simpson replaced Adimu, all of WPGC. Monds was moved into the 7P. M.-midnight timeslot. Since the airstaff change, the playlist has been leaning toward a Jammin' Oldies direction due to declining ratings. On August 3, 2015, WMMJ announced their new slogan as The Real Sound of the DMV, made a surprise announcement that Donnie Simpson will return to the airwaves after retiring from his morning show on WPGC-FM in January 2010.

The Donnie Simpson Show returned on August 17, 2015, airs Monday thru Friday from 3-7P. M.. In January 2016, Russ Parr moved over from sister station WKYS to WMMJ to replace Tom Joyner after 17 years on the station. To bolster coverage in the southern and eastern portions of the Washington market, Radio One purchased WWXT from Red Zebra Broadcasting. WDCJ began simulcasting WMMJ on May 1, 2017. Official Website of Majic 102.3 Query the FCC's FM station database for WMMJ Radio-Locator information on WMMJ Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WMMJ

Eve Beglarian

Eve Beglarian is a contemporary American composer and audio producer of Armenian descent. Her music is characterized as postminimalist, her chamber and orchestral music has been commissioned and performed by The Los Angeles Master Chorale, the Bang on a Can All-Stars, The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, The California EAR Unit, The Orchestra of St. Luke's, Relâche, The Paul Dresher Ensemble and The American Composers Orchestra, among many others, she received a Foundation for Contemporary Arts Robert Rauschenberg Award. Overstepping Tell the Birds Dream Cum Go Down - Eve Beglarian and Juliana Luecking Dancing in Place - Elizabeth Panzer Play Nice - Twisted Tutu Almost Human - Maya Beiser Lesbian American Composers Emergency Music Messiah Remix To Have and to Hold 60x60 Composer Finds a Muse in the Mississippi EVBVD Music: Eve Beglarian Recommended composers: Eve Beglarian by Kyle Gann Podcast interview on MikeyPod