1267 Geertruida

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1267 Geertruida
Discovery [1]
Discovered by H. van Gent
Discovery site Johannesburg Obs.
Discovery date 23 April 1930
MPC designation (1267) Geertruida
Named after
Geertruid Hamerslag Pels[2]
(Sister of astronomer Gerrit Pels)
1930 HD · 1926 GV
1927 SH · 1930 LA
1954 TM1 · 1965 HB
1965 JE
main-belt · (inner)[3]
background [4]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 91.55 yr (33,440 days)
Aphelion 2.9116 AU
Perihelion 2.0260 AU
2.4688 AU
Eccentricity 0.1794
3.88 yr (1,417 days)
0° 15m 14.76s / day
Inclination 4.7825°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 15.621±4.700 km[5]
16.92±5.04 km[6]
17.16±0.30 km[7]
18.91±0.25 km[8]
20.92±0.60 km[9]
23.108±0.154 km[10]
23.41±1.4 km[11]
23.43 km (derived)[3]
23.572±0.153 km[12]
5.50 h[13]
5.5087±0.0007 h[14]
0.0510 (derived)[3]
C (assumed)[3]
12.00[3][7] · 12.10[1][5][6][9][10][11] · 12.17[8]

1267 Geertruida, provisional designation 1930 HD, is a carbonaceous background asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 20 kilometers in diameter. Discovered by astronomer Hendrik van Gent at Johannesburg Observatory in 1930, the asteroid was later named after Geertruid Pels, sister of Dutch astronomer Gerrit Pels.[2][15]


Geertruida was discovered on 23 April 1930, by Dutch astronomer Hendrik van Gent at the Union Observatory in Johannesburg, South Africa.[15] Five nights later, it was independently discovered by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth at Heidelberg Observatory on 28 April 1930.[2] The Minor Planet Center only recognizes the first discoverer.[15] The asteroid was previously identified as 1926 GV at Heidelberg Observatory in April 1926.[15]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Geertruida is a non-family asteroid from the main belt's background population.[4] It orbits the Sun in the inner asteroid belt at a distance of 2.0–2.9 AU once every 3 years and 11 months (1,417 days; semi-major axis of 2.47 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.18 and an inclination of 5° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The body's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation at Johannesburg in April 1930.[15]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Geertruida is an assumed carbonaceous C-type asteroid, which agrees with its measured albedo (see below).[3]

Rotation period[edit]

In 1977, a rotational lightcurve of Geertruida was obtained from photometric observations by Swedish astronomer Claes-Ingvar Lagerkvist at the Uppsala Southern Station in Australia. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 5.50 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.5 magnitude (U=2).[13] In October 2016, a refined period of 5.5087 hours with an amplitude of 0.35 magnitude (U=3) was obtained at the Oakley Southern Sky Observatory (E09).[14]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the surveys carried out by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the Japanese Akari satellite and the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Geertruida measures between 15.621 and 23.572 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.030 and 0.095.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link derives an albedo of 0.0510, typical for that of a carbonaceous asteroid, and a diameter of 23.43 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 12.0.[3]


This minor planet was named by Dutch astronomer Gerrit Pels after his sister Geertruid (or Geertruida) Hamerslag Pels. Gerrit Pels, who was an assistant astronomer at Leiden Observatory, computed the body's orbit. The minor planet 1667 Pels was named in his honor. The author of the Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Lutz Schmadel learned about the meaning of this asteroid from Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld, who was a long-time astronomer at Leiden Observatory.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1267 Geertruida (1930 HD)" (2017-11-02 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1267) Geertruida. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 105. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "LCDB Data for (1267) Geertruida". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Small Bodies Data Ferret". Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d Masiero, Joseph R.; Nugent, C.; Mainzer, A. K.; Wright, E. L.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; et al. (October 2017). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year Three: Asteroid Diameters and Albedos". The Astronomical Journal. 154 (4): 10. arXiv:1708.09504Freely accessible. Bibcode:2017AJ....154..168M. doi:10.3847/1538-3881/aa89ec. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Masiero, J.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Grav, T.; et al. (December 2015). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year One: Preliminary Asteroid Diameters and Albedos". The Astrophysical Journal. 814 (2): 13. arXiv:1509.02522Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015ApJ...814..117N. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/814/2/117. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; et al. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Kramer, E. A.; Grav, T.; et al. (September 2016). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year Two: Asteroid Diameters and Albedos". The Astronomical Journal. 152 (3): 12. arXiv:1606.08923Freely accessible. Bibcode:2016AJ....152...63N. doi:10.3847/0004-6256/152/3/63. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  10. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  11. ^ a b c d Tedesco, E. F.; Noah, P. V.; Noah, M.; Price, S. D. (October 2004). "IRAS Minor Planet Survey V6.0". NASA Planetary Data System. Bibcode:2004PDSS...12.....T. Archived from the original on 2016-06-03. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  13. ^ a b Lagerkvist, C. I. (April 1979). "A lightcurve survey of asteroids with Schmidt telescopes - Observations of nine asteroids during oppositions in 1977". Icarus: 106–114. Bibcode:1979Icar...38..106L. doi:10.1016/0019-1035(79)90090-3. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  14. ^ a b Linville, Dylan; Jiang, Hao; Michalik, Danielle; Wilson, Sydney; Ditteon, Richard (July 2017). "Lightcurve Analysis of Asteroids Observed at the Oakley Southern Sky Observatory: 2016 July - October". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 44 (3): 173–176. Bibcode:2017MPBu...44..173L. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c d e "1267 Geertruida (1930 HD)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 

External links[edit]