12696 Camus

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12696 Camus
Discovery [1]
Discovered by E. W. Elst
Discovery site La Silla Obs.
Discovery date 26 September 1989
MPC designation (12696) Camus
Named after
Albert Camus
(French writer)[2]
1989 SF1 · 1993 QL2
main-belt · (middle)[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 27.59 yr (10,079 days)
Aphelion 2.9984 AU
Perihelion 2.2463 AU
2.6224 AU
Eccentricity 0.1434
4.25 yr (1,551 days)
0° 13m 55.56s / day
Inclination 7.9950°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 7.71±3.44 km[4]
9.329±0.056 km[5][6]
11.11 km (calculated)[3]
3.78±0.04 h[7]
0.057 (assumed)[3]
13.4[4][5] · 13.5[1][3]

12696 Camus, provisional designation 1989 SF1, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 9 kilometers in diameter.

It was discovered on 26 September 1989, by Belgian astronomer Eric Elst at ESO's La Silla Observatory in northern Chile, and named after French Nobel Prize laureate in literature Albert Camus.[2][9]

Classification and orbit[edit]

Camus orbits the Sun in the central main-belt at a distance of 2.2–3.0 AU once every 4 years and 3 months (1,551 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.14 and an inclination of 8° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The asteroid's observation arc begins with its discovery, as no precoveries were taken and no identifications were made before 1989.[9]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Camus has been characterized as a carbonaceous C-type asteroid by Pan-STARRS photometric survey.[8]


In October 2006, a rotational lightcurve of Camus was obtained from photometric observations by Julian Oey at the Leura Observatory (E17) in Australia. The lightcurve rendered a rotation period of 3.78±0.04 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.40 in magnitude (U=3-).[7]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Camus has an albedo of 0.07 and 0.13 with a corresponding diameter of 9.3 and 7.7 kilometers, respectively.[4][5][6] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for carbonaceous asteroids of 0.057 and calculates a larger diameter of 11.1 kilometer with an absolute magnitude of 13.5.[3]


This minor planet was named after French philosopher, author, and journalist, Albert Camus (1913–1960), who received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1957.[2]

Camus is best known for his novels L'Etranger (The Stranger) and La Peste (The Plague). His main interests were justice, ethics, and politics. As a liberal humanist, he was against the doctrines of Christianity as well as Marxism.[2] The approved naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 20 March 2000 (M.P.C. 39658).[10]


  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 12696 Camus (1989 SF1)" (2017-05-01 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 5 July 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (12696) Camus. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 787. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 4 June 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (12696) Camus". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 4 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; et al. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 4 June 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 4 June 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 3 December 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Oey, Julian; Vilagi, J.; Gajdos, S.; Kornos, L.; Galad, A. (September 2007). "Light curve Analysis of 8 Asteroids from Leura and Other Collaborating Observatories". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 34 (3): 81–83. Bibcode:2007MPBu...34...81O. ISSN 1052-8091. 
  8. ^ a b Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 5 June 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "12696 Camus (1989 SF1)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 4 June 2016. 
  10. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 4 June 2016. 

External links[edit]