127 (number)

 ← 126 127 128 →
Cardinal one hundred twenty-seven
Ordinal 127th
(one hundred twenty-seventh)
Factorization prime
Prime 31st
Divisors 1, 127
Greek numeral ΡΚΖ´
Roman numeral CXXVII
Binary 11111112
Ternary 112013
Quaternary 13334
Quinary 10025
Senary 3316
Octal 1778
Duodecimal A712
Vigesimal 6720
Base 36 3J36

127 (one hundred [and] twenty-seven) is the natural number following 126 and preceding 128. It is also a prime number.

In mathematics

• As a Mersenne prime, 127 is related to the perfect number 8128. 127 is also an exponent for another Mersenne prime 2127 - 1, which was discovered by Édouard Lucas in 1876, and held the record for the largest known prime for 75 years - it is still the largest prime ever discovered by hand calculations. Furthermore, 127 is equal to 27 - 1, and 7 is equal to 23 - 1, and 3 is the smallest Mersenne prime, this makes 7 the smallest double Mersenne prime and 127 the smallest triple Mersenne prime.
• 127 is also a cuban prime of the form ${\displaystyle p=(x^{3}-y^{3})/(x-y)}$, ${\displaystyle x=y+1}$.[1] The next prime is 131, with which it comprises a cousin prime, because the next odd number, 129, is a semiprime, 127 is a Chen prime. 127 is greater than the arithmetic mean of its two neighboring primes, thus it is a strong prime.[2]
• 127 is a centered hexagonal number.[3]
• It is the 7th Motzkin number.[4]
• 127 is a palindromic prime in nonary and binary.
• It is the first nice Friedman number in base 10, since 127 = -1 + 27, as well as binary since 1111111 = (1 + 1)111 - 1 * 1.
• 127 is the sum of the sums of the divisors of the first 12 positive integers.[5]
• 127 is the smallest prime that can be written as the sum of the first two or more odd primes: 127 = 3 + 5 + 7 + 11 + 13 + 17 + 19 + 23 + 29.[6]
• 127 is the smallest odd number that can't be written in the form p + 2x for p=prime number and x=integer, since 127 - 20 = 126, 127 - 21 = 125, 127 - 22 = 123, 127 - 23 = 119, 127 - 24 = 111, 127 - 25 = 95, and 127 - 26 = 63 are all composite numbers.[7]
• 127 is an isolated prime where both p-2 and p+2 isn't prime.

127 is also: