1289 Kutaïssi

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1289 Kutaïssi
Discovery [1]
Discovered by G. Neujmin
Discovery site Simeiz Obs.
Discovery date 19 August 1933
MPC designation (1289) Kutaïssi
Named after
Kutaisi (city in Georgia)[2]
1933 QR · 1928 QD
1948 TJ2 · 1953 TO2
A893 GA · A919 UC
main-belt · Koronis[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 16 February 2017 (JD 2457800.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 88.24 yr (32,228 days)
Aphelion 3.0411 AU
Perihelion 2.6783 AU
2.8597 AU
Eccentricity 0.0634
4.84 yr (1,766 days)
0° 12m 13.68s / day
Inclination 1.6165°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 19.20±0.45 km[4]
21.531±0.269 km[5]
22.610±0.158 km[6]
22.97±0.56 km[7]
25.53 km (derived)[3]
25.62±1.8 km (IRAS:4)[8]
3.60 h[9]
3.624±0.001 h[10]
3.624±0.006 h[11]
0.1216 (derived)[3]
0.1374±0.021 (IRAS:4)[8]
B–V = 0.800[1]
U–B = 0.380[1]
Tholen = S[1] · S[3]
10.70±0.03 (R)[10] · 10.73[1][4][7][8] · 10.87[3][6][9]

1289 Kutaïssi, provisional designation 1933 QR, is a stony Koronian asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 22 kilometers in diameter. Discovered by Grigory Neujmin at Simeiz Observatory in 1933, it was later named after the Georgian city of Kutaisi.


Kutaïssi was discovered on 19 August 1933, by Soviet astronomer Grigory Neujmin at Simeiz Observatory on the Crimean peninsula.[12] It was independently discovered a few days later by Eugène Delporte at the Belgian Uccle Observatory on 25 August, as well as by Cyril Jackson at the South African Johannesburg Observatory on 11 September 1933.[2]

It was first identified as A893 GA at Heidelberg in 1893. The body's observation arc begins with its identification as 1928 QD at Simeiz in 1928, or 5 years prior to its official discovery observation.[12]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Kutaïssi is a stony member of the Koronis family, a group consisting of about 200 known bodies, thought to have been formed at least two billion years ago in a catastrophic collision between two larger bodies. It orbits the Sun in the outer main-belt at a distance of 2.7–3.0 AU once every 4 years and 10 months (1,766 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.06 and an inclination of 2° with respect to the ecliptic.[1]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Kutaïssi is a common stony S-type asteroid in the Tholen classification.[1]

Rotation period[edit]

The first rotational light curve of Kutaïssi was obtained from photometric observations by American astronomer Richard Binzel in February 1984. It gave a rotation period of 3.60 hours with a brightness variation of 0.40 magnitude (U=3).[9] Between 1987 and 2004, a group of American astronomers obtained additional concurring light curves with a period of 3.624 hours and an amplitude between 0.30 and 0.42 magnitude (U=3/3-/2).[10][11]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the surveys carried out by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the Japanese Akari satellite, and NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Kutaïssi measures between 19.20 and 25.62 kilometers in diameter, and its surface has an albedo between 0.1374 and 0.245.[4][5][6][7][8] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link derives an albedo of 0.1216 and a diameter of 25.53 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 10.87.[3]


This minor planet was named after the city of Kutaisi, now the legislative capital of Georgia, and its second largest city, after the capital Tbilisi.[2] The official naming citation was first mentioned in The Names of the Minor Planets by Paul Herget in 1955 (H 118).[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1289 Kutaissi (1933 QR)" (2016-11-10 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1289) Kutaïssi. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 106. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (1289) Kutaïssi". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; et al. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  5. ^ a b Masiero, Joseph R.; Grav, T.; Mainzer, A. K.; Nugent, C. R.; Bauer, J. M.; Stevenson, R.; et al. (August 2014). "Main-belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE: Near-infrared Albedos". The Astrophysical Journal. 791 (2): 11. arXiv:1406.6645. Bibcode:2014ApJ...791..121M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/121. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d Tedesco, E. F.; Noah, P. V.; Noah, M.; Price, S. D. (October 2004). "IRAS Minor Planet Survey V6.0". NASA Planetary Data System. Bibcode:2004PDSS...12.....T. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  9. ^ a b c Binzel, R. P. (October 1987). "A photoelectric survey of 130 asteroids". Icarus: 135–208. Bibcode:1987Icar...72..135B. doi:10.1016/0019-1035(87)90125-4. ISSN 0019-1035. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  10. ^ a b c Slivan, Stephen M.; Binzel, Richard P.; Kaasalainen, Mikko; Hock, Andrew N.; Klesman, Alison J.; Eckelman, Laura J.; et al. (April 2009). "Spin vectors in the Koronis family. II. Additional clustered spins, and one stray". Icarus. 200 (2): 514–530. Bibcode:2009Icar..200..514S. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2008.11.025. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  11. ^ a b Ditteon, R. (September 2002). "Asteroid Photometry at Oakley Observatory". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 29: 55. Bibcode:2002MPBu...29...55D. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  12. ^ a b "1289 Kutaissi (1933 QR)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 20 January 2017.

External links[edit]