Neuruppin is a town in Brandenburg, the administrative seat of Ostprignitz-Ruppin district. It is the birthplace of the novelist Theodor Fontane and therefore referred to as Fontanestadt. A garrison town since 1688 and rebuilt in a Neoclassical style after a devastating fire in 1787, Neuruppin has the reputation of being "the most Prussian of all Prussian towns"; the town is located on the shore of the Ruppiner See, a lake traversed by the Rhin river, about 60 km northwest of Berlin. In the north, the hilly landscape of Ruppin Switzerland stretches up to the Rheinsberg Lake Region and the border with Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, it is part of the Stechlin-Ruppiner Land Nature Park. After several incorporations in 1993, Neuruppin today is one of Germany's largest municipalities by area; the shores of Ruppiner See were settled since the Stone Age. The castle was slighted during the Wendish Crusade of 1147 and about 1200 a lowland castle was erected on an opposite peninsula, which from 1214 served as the residence of the Lords of Ruppin.
Their lordship remained an immediate Imperial estate until its final incorporation into the neighbouring Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1524. The name Neuruppin means "New Ruppin", as the original settlement of Ruppin was located around the castle on the north-eastern shore of the Ruppiner See. In the early 13th century, when the settlement became too small for the growing population, Neuruppin on the western shore of the lake was established by the Lords of Lindow-Ruppin. First mentioned in a 1238 deed, it became the first establishment of the Dominican Order between the Elbe and Oder rivers, when the local noble Wichmann von Arnstein founded Neuruppin Abbey in 1246. Today only the monastery church is still standing. Since the Protestant Reformation it is called St Trinitatis. Neuruppin received town privileges on 9 March 1256. In 1524 Ruppin Land was seized as a reverted fief by the Hohenzollern Elector Joachim I Nestor of Brandenburg; the monastery was secularised in the course of the Reformation and its premises ceded to the Neuruppin citizens.
The town was ravaged by the Thirty Years' War, from about 1685 French Huguenot refugees settled here. In 1688 Neuruppin became a Brandenburg-Prussian garrison town. After a disastrous fire in 1787 the Neo-Classicism of the rebuilt town's buildings characterise its townscape to the present day, it remained a garrison town until the late 20th century, since Soviet troops were stationed here until 1993. 1810–1816: Dr. Braun 1816–1822: Balthasar Friedrich Knoevenvogel 1822–1851: Ernst Adolph Bienengräber 1851–1888: Ch. L. G. von Schulz 1889–1899: Adolf Trenckmann 1899–1923: Max Warzecha 1923–1933: Ernst Blümel 1934–1945: Kurt Krüger 1945: Reinhold Meyer 1945: Karl Hochstädt 1945: Hermann Huch 1945–1946: Richard Schulz 1946–1948: Trude Marx 1948–1949: H. Schulz 1949–1951: Joseph Robiné 1951–1953: Otto Herms 1954–?: Max Hartmann 1957–1965: Bruno Salvat 1965–1970: Günter Weigt 1970–1978: Gerd Hohlfeld 1978–1988: Harald Lemke 1988–1990: Rainer Frank 1990–1991: Silke Bringmann 1991–1994: Joachim Zindler 1994–2004: Otto Theel seit 2005: Jens-Peter GoldeJens-Peter Golde was reelected in 2013 with 60,4 % of the votes.
The novelist Theodor Fontane, the architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel, the lieutenant colonel Otto Friedrich Ferdinand von Görschen, the general Hermann Hoth, the serial killer Carl Großmann and the actor Klaus Schwarzkopf were born in Neuruppin. The architect Joachim Ludwig Schultheiss von Unfriedt was from Altruppin. 1836 Paul Carl Beiersdorf, died 1896, pharmacist and founder of Beiersdorf AG 1884 Ferdinand von Bredow died 1934, Major General of Reichswehr 1922 Klaus Schwarzkopf, died 1991 actor 1926 Horst Giese, died 2008 actor 1930 Eva Strittmatter, died 2011 writer 1943 Jörg Hube, died 2009 actor 1962 Uwe Hohn, javelin thrower 1962 Ulrich Papke, canoeist 1963 Bernd Gummelt, race walker 1965 Jens-Peter Herold, middle-distance runner 1967 Ralf Büchner, gymnast 1974 Timo Gottschalk, rally navigator Frederick the Great lived in Neuruppin in his years as crown prince of Prussia. Prussian general and military strategist Carl Phillip Gottlieb von Clausewitz resided in Neuruppin for a few years.
Media related to Neuruppin at Wikimedia Commons
40th Guards Rifle Division
The 40th Guards Rifle Division was one of a series of ten Guards rifle divisions of the Red Army formed from airborne troops in the spring and summer of 1942 in preparation for, or in response to, the German summer offensive. It fought in the Stalingrad area during that battle in the operations that encircled German 6th Army, continued to serve in the several campaigns in the south sector of the front, helping to liberate Ukraine and the Balkans, ending the war at Vienna. In late 1945, the division was converted into the 17th Guards Mechanized Division and was stationed in Hungary, it participated in the suppression of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, after which it was converted into a motor rifle division with the same number. Soon afterwards, it relocated as part of the 38th Army; the division was based at Khmelnitsky for the rest of the Cold War and became part of the Ukrainian Ground Forces with the Dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 and 1992. The 40th Guards was formed on 6 August 1942, in the Moscow Military District from the 6th Airborne Corps.
Its main order of battle was as follows: 111th Guards Rifle Regiment from 11th Airborne Brigade 116th Guards Rifle Regiment from 12th Airborne Brigade 119th Guards Rifle Regiment from 13th Airborne Brigade 90th Guards Artillery Regiment The division, along with several other of these airborne conversions, was rushed to the Stalingrad region, to begin with as part of 1st Guards Army. It departed for the front on 15 August, spent most of September fighting along the Don River in 21st Army. Stalingrad Front was renamed Don Front on 30 September. In October, 40th Guards was this time to 65th Army, still in Don Front. In this army it was one of the assault divisions that cleared the way for 5th Tank Army in Operation Uranus as part of the northern pincer that broke through Romanian Third Army and helped encircle the German forces at Stalingrad. From early in 1943 the division was reassigned to 5th Shock Army in South Front and would remain in that army until the end of 1943. By 21 February, 40th Guards was in first echelon of its army.
On 3 March, 5th Shock was fortifying the scant bridgeheads it had taken on the west bank of the river, the advance halted for the coming months. In April, the division became part of the 31st Guards Rifle Corps, it would remain in that formation for the duration of the war. In August, 1943, South Front launched the Donbass Strategic Offensive against German Sixth Army's positions along the Mius River line, forcing it to fall back to the Dniepr with Soviet forces in pursuit. On 3 September, the division was credited with the liberation of the Ukrainian town of Yenakiyevo, was given its name as an honorific. South Front became 4th Ukrainian Front in October, 40th Guards remained with it until nearly the end of the year, when it was reassigned, along with its corps, to 69th Army in the Reserve of the Supreme High Command. In January, 1944, the corps was moved again, to 46th Army in 3rd Ukrainian Front. In early April 40th Guards was approaching the lower reaches of the Dniestr River in first echelon of its corps.
The division led the clearing of the east bank on 11 April and received the following orders from army commander Lt. Gen. Vasily Glagolev:"Force the Dnestr River in the sector from Chebruchi to Marker 107.5 and reach positions from 500 metres northeast of Hill 145.1 through the western entrance of the forest 2.5 kilometres west of Raskaetsy, subsequently capture Chebruchi and Hill 174.5. Begin the forcing operation at 2100 hours on 13 April 1944; the units of the 6th Rifle Corps will attack on your right flank. The units of the 34th Guards Rifle Division will force the river on your left flank; this attack would be supported by the 269th Army Pontoon-Bridge Brigade. The division commander, Mjr. Gen. G. F. Panchenko, prepared detailed plans, on the 13th a forward detachment of assault companies from 111th Guards Rifle Regiment made a crossing and managed to secure a small bridgehead south of Chebruchi reinforced by the remainder of its division as well as 34th Guards, but they were stymied in their attempts to take the town.
The German defenders launched at least seven counterattacks during the first 24 hours, 40th Guards reported casualties of 30 killed and 89 wounded. On 20 April, the division, along with 34th and 4th Guards Rifle Divisions, made another attack on Chebruchi, but this collapsed after it commenced. In the first week of May, all three divisions went over to the defense. In August the division went back to the attack in the second Iasi-Kishinev Offensive, which destroyed the German Sixth Army and caused Romania to change sides. In September and October the 31st Guards Rifle Corps served in 2nd Ukrainian Front, still in 46th Army, but in November the corps went back to 3rd Ukrainian Front, now in 4th Guards Army. 40th Guards Rifle Division and its corps would serve under those commands for the duration. After participating in the Siege of Budapest, in the spring of 1945 the division advanced across the Hungarian plain and gained another honorific for its operations along the Danube River, ending the war near Vienna.
At the end of the war, the official title of the division was 40th Guards Rifle, Yenakiyevo-Danube, Order of the Red Banner, Order of Suvorov Division. In the fall of 1945, the division became the 17th Guards Mechanized Division, headquartered at Szombathely in Hungary; the 4th Guards Army became part of the Central Group of Forces and left for the Soviet Union in August 1946, after which the division was directly subordin
76th Guards Air Assault Division
The 76th Guards Air Assault Division is a division of the Russian Airborne Troops based in Pskov. The division traces its lineage back to the 76th Guards Rifle Division, formed in March 1943 from the 157th Rifle Division for that division's actions during the Battle of Stalingrad; the division fought in the Battle of Kursk, the Battle of the Dnieper, Operation Bagration, the East Pomeranian Offensive, the Berlin Offensive. Postwar, it was converted into an airborne division; the division moved to Pskov, its current base, in 1949. The division was involved in the January Events in Lithuania. After the Dissolution of the Soviet Union, the division became part of the Russian Airborne Troops; the division fought in Second Chechen War and the Russo-Georgian War. The division became an air assault division in 2006, it was involved in the War in Donbass. The 76th Air Assault Division was established in 1939 as the 157th Rifle Division. On 1 March 1943 it became the 76th Guards Rifle Division for its actions in the Battle of Stalingrad.
Major General Alexander Kirsanov commanded the division. The division fought in the Battle of Kursk; until 3 July the division was part of the Bryansk Front in the area of Belyov. On 12 July the division began the crossing of the Oka. By the end of the day the division had captured bridgeheads; the division received thanks from the Supreme Commander for this action. On 8 September, the division began to advance from the Oryol area to Chernigov. After three days the division had advanced 70 kilometers and reached the village of Tolstoles on 20 September, three kilometers northeast of Chernigov; the division helped capture the city and advanced to the west. By an order of the Supreme Commander on 21 September the division was thanked and awarded the honorific "Chernigov"; the division advanced into Belarus. It became part of the 1st Belorussian Front. On 17 July 1944 it began an attack northwest of Kovel. On 21 July the vanguard of the division moved north towards Brest in heavy fighting. On 26 July, troops advancing from the south linked up 20 to 25 kilometers west of Brest.
German troops in the area were surrounded. For its actions in the capture of Brest, the division was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. On 25 January 1945, the division, as part of the 2nd Belorussian Front, blocked the route out of Toruń, surrounding German forces. In late February, the division attempted to cut the road out of Konitz. German troops were able to escape in the fighting. On 23 March the division advanced to the Baltic Sea. By 25 March it was advancing towards Danzig; the division helped captured Danzig on 30 March. The division was moved from Danzig to Germany and on 24 April was concentrated near Kortenhaten, 20 kilometers south of Stettin. On 26 April the division broke through the German line. By the end of the day it had captured Pretslavu. On 2 May, the division captured Güstrow. On 3 May, after advancing 40 kilometers, it captured Butzow; the forward detachments of the 76th Guards Rifle Division reached the Baltic and on the outskirts of Wismar met with Allied airborne units of the 6th Airborne Division.
The division was part of the 114th Rifle Corps of the 70th Army of the 2nd Belorussian Front in May 1945. On 6 July 1946, it became the 76th Guards Airborne Division in Novgorod, directly subordinated to Airborne headquarters. In April 1947, it moved to Pskov. Future Soviet Airborne Troops commander Vasily Margelov became the division's commander in April 1948; the division became part of the 15th Guards Airborne Corps in October 1948. It was composed of the 234th Guards Air-Landing Regiment, the 237th Guards Airborne Regiment and the 154th Guards Artillery Regiment. On 18 February 1949 the 234th became an airborne regiment. On 30 April 1955, the 104th Guards Airborne Regiment moved to the division after the 21st Guards Airborne Division was disbanded. On 6 January 1959, the 242nd Separate Military-Transport Aviation Squadron was activated with the division, it included 10 An-2 Colt transports. On 15 August 1960, the 154th Guards Artillery Regiment became the 819th Separate Guards Artillery Battalion.
On 27 April 1962, the battalion was upgraded to the 1140th Guards Artillery Regiment. In 1967, the division participated in Exercise "Dnieper". In March 1970, the division participated in the combined arms exercise "Dvina". During the exercise, the division used the Antonov An-22 for the first time; the division participated in Exercise "Autumn-88". Between 1988 and 1992 the division participated in the suppression of interethnic conflicts in Armenia, Georgia, the Baltic region, North Ossetia, South Ossetia. In 1991, the 104th and 234th Guards Airborne Regiments were awarded the Ministry of Defense Pennant "For Courage and Valor". Earlier, the division and its artillery regiment had been awarded the pennant; the division took part in the August Coup of 1991, when it was sent to Estonia by the Coup's leaders to take over the Tallinn TV Tower. The division fought in the First Chechen War during 1994 and 1995. 120 military personnel of the division were killed during the war. For their actions, ten officers of the division received the title Hero of the Russian Federation, two of them posthumously.
The division fought in the Second Chechen War between 1999 and 2004. From 18 August 1999 elements of the division fought in the capture of Karamakhi, Gudermes and the blocking of the Vedeno gorge; the 6th Company of the 104th Guards Airborne Regiment blocked the Argun Gorge in March 2000. For their actions, 22 soldiers were awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation, all but one posthumously. 63 re
6th Guards Motor Rifle Division
The 6th Guards Motor Rifle Vitebsk-Novgorod Twice Red Banner Division was a Soviet motor rifle division, which after the end of World War II was stationed on the Polish territory as part of Northern Group of Forces. It was the second formation of the 6th Guards Motor Rifle Division, drew its history from the 90th Guards Rifle Division. In an exchange of numbers, the 6th Guards Lvov Motor Rifle Division in Germany in 1985 became the 90th Guards Tank Division, while the 90th Guards Tank Division became the 6th Guards Motor Rifle Division; the division in Poland disbanded a tank regiment and formed a motor rifle regiment, while the division in Germany formed a tank regiment. Division headquarters was located in the town of Borne Sulinowo. In November 1985, the 65th Separate Air Assault Battalion was formed from the division's 126th Separate Guards Reconnaissance Battalion in Białogard. Between May and November 1986, the battalion was expanded to form the 83rd Separate Air Assault Brigade under the command of Colonel V.
M. Sinitsyn; the Division withdrew from Poland in 1992 and was moved to Tver in the Moscow Military District where it became the 166th Guards Motor Rifle Brigade. Between January and July 1996 it fought in the First Chechen War. In 1997 the brigade was disbanded and converted into the 70th Guards Base for Storage of Weapons & Equipment; the 70th VkhVT was disbanded in 1998. The 90th Guards Tank Division was reformed by December 2016 in the Central Military District, carrying on the lineage of the 90th Guards Rifle Division; the division inherits the awards and history of the 6th Guards Motor Rifle Division, the former 90th Guards Rifle Division. The formation was founded in accordance to the order of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Armed Forces and regulation of the Russian Defence Minister dated September 13, 2016; the division is based in the Sverdlovsk Regions. On June 30, 2018, an ukaz of President Vladimir Putin conferred the honorifics Guards Vitebsk-Novgorod upon the division, while the 6th Tank Regiment became the 6th Guards Lvov Tank Regiment and the 400th Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment received the honorific Transylvania.
Equipment in 2018: T-72A/B/BA/B3, BMP-2, BTR-82A, Grad MLRS, TOS-1, 2S12, 2S3. Maj. Gen. Vladimir Vasilyevich Bulgakov Andrew Wojtaszak, Kazimierz Kozlowski: Soldier Polish Western Pomerania X-XX century: the materials of scientific session of 10 November 1999: collective work. Wilson: Department of Civic Education, 2001. ISBN 83-86992-76-X. Http://www.ww2.dk/new/army/td/90gvtd.htm
19th Motor Rifle Division
The 19th Motor Rifle Division appears to have been formed in July 1922 at Tambov in the Moscow Military District as a territorial formation. In 1923 it was renamed the 19th Voronezh Rifle Division. By the beginning of the Great Patriotic War it consisted of the 32nd, 282nd, 315th Rifle, 90th Artillery, 103rd howitzer artillery regiment, it entered combat against the Germans on July 19, 1941 near Yelnya as part of the 24th Army of the Western Front. Participated in Elninskaya offensive, the Battle of Moscow, Rzhev-Vyazma offensive operation in 1942, the Rzhev-Sychevka offensive, Kharkiv defensive operation in 1943, Belgorod-Khar'kov Offensive Operation as part of the 7th Guards Army, Poltava-Kremenchuk offensive, Pyatihatskoy offensive, Bereznegovatoe-Snigirevskaya offensive, offensive Odessa, Izmail offensive, offensive Belgrade 1944 Derskoy offensive, Bratislava-Brnovskoy offensive, it participated in the liberation of the cities Elnya, Krasnograd, Bratislava, Shumla liberated September 9, 1944.
For exemplary performance of command assignments in Bulgaria it was given the honorary name "Shumlinskoy". It boosts the Seversky Donets, Dniester, Southern Bug and Danube. During the Belgrade operation it October 1944 entered the territory of Yugoslavia, in November, crossed the river. Danube near apathy and in difficult conditions forested mountainous terrain led fierce battles with the Nazis on his left side. In 1944 its combat path took it through Romania, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia where it ended the war. For their courage in these battles and military skill he was awarded the Order of Suvorov 2nd degree. During the war it served successively with the 24th, 43rd, 5th, 20th, 3rd Guards Tank, 57th, 37th, 7th Guards, 46th Armies. In 1942 and 1943 it defended in the Kharkov areas. In 1945, the division was stationed in Vladikavkaz. In May–June 1946, the division was reorganised into the 11th Separate Rifle Brigade. All battalions of the brigade were stationed in Ordzhonikidze. On 1 July 1949 the 11th Separate Rifle Brigade was reorganised as the 19th Mountain Rifle Division, 12th Mountain Corps.
On May 31, 1954, the 19th Mountain Division was renamed the 19th Rifle Division. In March 1957 the 19th Rifle Division was reorganized as the 92nd Motor Rifle Division. According to the USSR Minister of Defense Order No. 00147 of November 17, 1964, in order to preserve the martial traditions, the 92nd Motor Rifle Division was renamed the 19th Motor Rifle Division. Thus in 1965 it became again the 19th Motor Rifle Division, it arrived in the Caucasus region by the mid-1950s and has been stationed for many years at Vladikavkaz. In the late 1980s it was part of the 42nd Army Corps at Volgograd and consisted of the 397th Tank Regiment, the 201st, 429th, 503rd Motor Rifle Regiments. Today after reshuffling of units during the last fifteen years it is part of the reformed 58th Army, in the North Caucasus Military District. Division honorifics are - Russian: Воронежско-Шумлинская краснознаменная, орденов Суворова, Трудового Красного Знамени. On August 8, 2008, elements of the 19th Motor Rifle Division entered South Ossetia.
In 2009 as part of the wider restructuring of the Russian Ground Forces the division became the 19th Motor Rifle Brigade. 429th Motor Rifle Regiment 503rd Motor Rifle Regiment 693rd Motor Rifle Regiment 292nd Self-propelled Artillery Regiment 481st Air-Defence Missile Regiment 141st Separate Tank Battalion Engineer Battalion Military Intelligence Battalion Signal Battalion Chemical Battalion Supply Battalion Maintenance Battalion Medical Battalion The 19th Motor Rifle Division has 11,000 personnel in active service. Equipment Summary Feskov, V. I.. I.. A.. A.. Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской. Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 9785895035306. Michael Holm, 19th Motor Rifle Division Michael Avanzini and Craig Crofoot,'Armies of the Bear' Aberjona Press,'Slaughterhouse: The Handbook of the Eastern Front', 2005
7th Guards Mountain Air Assault Division
The 7th Guards Mountain Air Assault Division is an elite guards division of the Russian Airborne Troops. The 7th Guards Airborne Division was formed in September 1948 based on 322nd Guards Rifle Regiment which fought in Eastern Europe in World War II. In October 1948 the division was relocated to Lithuania. During the Cold War period, the division served in the suppression of the Hungarian and Czech revolutions. On August 1993, the division was relocated to Russia, it took part in various counter-insurgency operations in the Caucasus region. On 1 December 2006 it was renamed as 7th Guards Mountain Air Assault Division. In 2014 the division's 247th Guards Air Assault Regiment took part in the War in Donbass in Ukraine. There were two separately formed 7th Guards Airborne Divisions in the Red Army and Soviet Ground Forces/Soviet Airborne Troops; the first division was formed during the Second World War at Ramenskoye in December 1942. It fought at Demyansk, Korsun, on the Dnieper River, at Targul Frumos and Budapest.
It ended the war with 4th Guards Army of the 3rd Ukrainian Front in May 1945. As part of a postwar military reorganization, this division was retitled the 115th Guards Rifle Division in June 1945; the second formation of the 7th Guards Airborne Division was started in September 1948 based on 322nd Guards Rifle Regiment. The first formation of the division was formed during the Second World War at Ramenskoye in December 1942, it fought at Demyansk, Korsun, on the Dnieper River, at Targul Frumos and Budapest. On May 8, 1945, the divisional commander, Major General Dmitrii Aristarkhovich Drichkin, set up his headquarters in the village of Erlauf, some 60 miles west of Vienna and 50 miles east of Linz. Anxious to meet the Allies, he sent out scouts. At midnight, he met Major General Stanley Eric Reinhart, commander of the U. S. 65th Infantry Division. For the duration of their presence on the Danube river, both commanders continued to cooperate in an unusually effective manner. Twenty years public affairs officer Captain John J. Pullen described their first cordial encounter for the National Observer.
For the 50th anniversary, Erlauf erected a Soviet-sponsored memorial. It features a local girl, linking arms with a GI on her right, a Soviet soldier on her left. To this day, an enlarged photo and a small exhibit mark the spot where this historic encounter took place: A life-size Major General Reinhart, smiling at General Drichkin, as they compare their watches one minute past midnight, on 9 May 1945, the moment the unconditional surrender of Germany became effective; as part of a postwar military reorganization at the end of June 1945, the first formation of the 7th Guards Airborne Division was retitled as the 115th Guards Rifle Division. The 22nd Guards Tank Division was activated on 4 June 1957 in Novomoskovsk, Dnepropetrovsk Oblast, from the 115th Guards Rifle Division; the baptism of fire of the second formation division's predecessor regiment took place in 1945, fighting around Lake Balaton under the 37th Guards Rifle Corps, 9th Guards Army, 3rd Ukrainian Front. On 26 April 1945, the 322nd Guards Rifle Regiment of the 103rd Guards Rifle Division was awarded the Order of Kutuzov, second class, for exemplary performance.
In commemoration, the division's official day is 26 April, by an order of the Defense Minister of the USSR. At the end of the war, the 322nd Guards Rifle Regiment was in the city of Czechoslovakia. During the war, the regiment was thanked on six occasions by the Supreme Commander. In all 2,065 of its soldiers and officers were decorated for valor and heroism by the Soviet Union; the 7th Guards Airborne Division was established on 15 October 1948 on the basis of the 322nd Guards Air Landing Regiment of the 103rd Guards Airborne Division at Polotsk in the Belorussian Military District, becoming part of the 8th Guards Airborne Corps. The division was relocated to the cities of Kaunas and Marijampole, Lithuanian SSR. Personnel from these bases took part in actions against Lithuanian partisans. Units in this premier division of airborne troops have mastered the landing of Antonov An-8, An-12, An-22, Il-76 aircraft, tested a number of new parachute systems, all generations of BMD, 2S9 Nona artillery systems.
In 1956, the division was involved in "Operation Whirlwind", the suppression of the Hungarian revolution. On 3 November 1956, the 108th Parachute Regiment landed at the Tököl airbase in Il-12 and Li-2 aircraft and disabling six antiaircraft batteries positioning themselves to defend the base. On 4 November 1956 the regimental staff, together with fighters from the 119th Parachute Regiment, entered the city of Budapest and took part in street fighting until the city was secured on 7 November. In 1968, the division participated in Operation Danube to suppress the Prague Spring uprising; the 108th Regiment distinguished itself in the most dangerous and difficult missions, for which about two hundred of its personnel received high government awards. On 23 June 1969, troops of the 108th Airborne Regiment were tasked to fly from Kaunas to Ryazan, where they were to demonstrate their vehicle assault landing skills to the Minister of Defence of the USSR, Andrei Grechko; the group of three An-12 aircraft took off early in the morning, reaching a cruising altitude of 3,000 metres.
Approaching the city of Kaluga, a plane carrying the staff of a company and battalion command collided with an Ilyushin Il-14 passenger plane, at 3000 meters without clearance, with the loss of all aboard. The division was involved in many major exercises and maneuvers, such as "Shield-76", "Neman", "West-81", "West-84" and "Watch-86", in the latter three exerc
106th Guards Airborne Division
The 106th Guards Tula Red Banner Order of Kutuzov Airborne Division, more referred to as the Tula Division, is one of the four airborne divisions of the Russian Airborne Troops, the VDV. Based in the city of Tula, to the south of Moscow, it is administratively located within the Western Military District; the Division was founded in January 1944 as the 16th Guards Airborne Division, from until the end of the Second World War fought in Hungary and Czechoslovakia with 38th Guards Rifle Corps of 9th Guards Army. It became the 106th Guards Rifle Division in December 1944, as all the original VDV divisions and brigades were being reconstituted as Guards Rifle formations; the Division's honorifics are'Red Banner, Order of Kutuzov', though an early Western writer reported them as'Dneipr-Transbaikal' incorrectly, at one point in its history. On 7 June 1946, the 106th Guards Rifle Division was converted to an airborne division at Tula, part of the new 38th Guards Airborne Corps. On 1 October 1948, the division's 347th Guards Air Landing Regiment was used to form the 11th Guards Airborne Division.
It was replaced by the new 51st Guards Air Landing Regiment, which became an airborne unit in 1949. On 5 May 1955, the 137th Guards Airborne Regiment joined the division from the disbanded 11th Guards Airborne Division. On 6 January 1959, the 110th Separate Military-Transport Aviation Squadron was formed with the division, equipped with ten Antonov An-2 transports. On 15 August 1960, the 205th Guards Artillery Regiment became the 845th Separate Guards Artillery Battalion. At the same time, the 351st Guards Airborne Regiment transferred to the 105th Guards Airborne Division and was replaced by the 105th's 331st Guards Airborne Regiment. On 27 April 1962, the 845th Separate Guards Artillery Battalion became the 1182nd Guards Artillery Regiment; as the attention of the Soviet leadership began to shift towards their ability to project force overseas, the need for a deployable force to spearhead large-scale operations became apparent and the VDV was once again built up as such an air assault force.
The Tula Division, from that point until the present day, was to be one of the most frequently-used elements of it. Two of its regiments took part in the Soviet–Afghan War; as nationalist unrest grew in the southern republics of the USSR throughout the end of the 1980s, the division was deployed to Baku, Azerbaijan, in 1988 and to Fergana, Uzbekistan, in 1990. Throughout this time the division was commanded by General Alexander Lebed. In 1991, an attempted coup against the Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev took place in Moscow; as the coup faltered, the plotters lost the initiative while support for Boris Yeltsin, the President of the Russian SFSR, the plotters called in reinforcements from the Tula Division, in the form of a battalion from the 137th Guards Airborne Regiment. When they arrived, Lebed stated that he had orders to secure the Parliament building, where Yeltsin's supporters were barricaded, he did not, give the order for his men, equipped with BMD armoured vehicles, to launch an attack.
This may have been because at that point in the coup, the Tamanskaya Division was in the process of switching its own allegiance from the plotters to the parliamentarians, but whatever Lebed's rationale, the episode helped to boost his own public profile immensely. Following the failure of the coup and the dissolution of the Soviet Union, in 1992, he was appointed commander of the Russian 14th Army in Moldova; the 119th Guards Airborne Regiment joined the division from the 7th Guards Airborne Division in August 1993, replacing the 331st Guards Airborne Regiment, transferred to the 98th Guards Airborne Division. In 1994, the Russian Army was ordered into the breakaway southern republic of Chechnya by Yeltsin President of the Russian Federation, after the refusal of the separatist government to surrender to Moscow's authority, beginning the First Chechen War. Battalions of the Tula Division were attached to'Group West', they took part, in December that year, in the first Battle of Grozny, helping to capture the city's central railway station, which had proved to be one of the most difficult and costly strategic points in Grozny for the Russians to capture.
In March 1995, the battalions were transferred to the command of'Group North' and continued fighting, notably around Argun. In May, they withdrew from Chechnya; the division's losses in the first war are unclear: 36 of its soldiers have been confirmed killed in action, but the number missing in action is around 200. The Second Chechen War began in 1999. With Moscow determined to avoid a repeat of the quagmire that the first war had become, the Russian force committed in 1999 was larger, better equipped and better organised; the Tula Division's contribution to that force was 119th Parachute Landing Regiments. Its losses in this war were still considerable but less than in the first: 67 of its soldiers were reported either killed or missing in action. For its actions in the second campaign, the Tula Division was awarded the MoD Pennant. In 2001, after the September 11 terrorist attacks in the United States, paratroopers from the division were sent to Afghanistan to evacuate the staff of the Russian embassy in Kabul, so as to ensure their safety in the face of the American military campaign in support of the Northern Alliance's advance towards the city.
On 26 April 2004, the Tula Division celebrated its 60th anniversary. In August 2014 the division's 137th Guards Airborne Regiment had participated in the War in Donbass. On 13 August 2015, the division was given the honorific name "Tula". Modern Rus