130s

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Millennium: 1st millennium
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The 130s decade ran from January 1, 130, to December 31, 139.

Events[edit]

130

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts and sciences[edit]

131[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]
  • Emperor Hadrian builds the city Aelia Capitolina on the location of Jerusalem.
  • The Praetor's Edict is definitively codified by Salvius Julianus on Hadrian's orders. This change means that senatorial decrees become a mere confirmation of the imperial speech (oratio principis) which initiated them.
  • Reorganization of the Imperial Council: Central administration is reinforced, and administrative positions are entrusted to Knights according to a very strict hierarchy. Under the reorganization, the Roman Senate is excluded from controlling the business of state.
  • Hadrian restores the monarchist policy of Claudius and Domitian. The equestrian order is given full legal status and attains the second order of the state.
  • Italy is divided into legal districts managed by consuls, a direct blow to the power and prestige of the Senate.

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]
  • Edict of Hadrian prohibiting the practice of circumcision. Additionally, Hadrian prohibits public reading of the Torah under penalty of death, as well as observance of festivals and the Sabbath, the teaching of Judaic Law, and the ordination of rabbis.
  • The Temple of Baalshamin is built in Palmyra.[1]


132[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]
Asia[edit]
  • Change of era name from Yongjian (7th year) to Yangjia of the Chinese Han Dynasty.

By topic[edit]

Arts and sciences[edit]


133[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]

Ongoing events[edit]


134[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]

By topic[edit]

Architecture[edit]


135[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]
Asia[edit]
  • Last (4th) year of Yangjia era of the Chinese Han Dynasty.

By topic[edit]

Arts and sciences[edit]


136[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]
Asia[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]


137[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]


138[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]

By topic[edit]

Commerce[edit]
  • The silver content of the Roman denarius falls to 75 percent under emperor Antoninus Pius, down from 87 percent under the reign of Hadrian.


139[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]


Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

  • Lucius Ceionius Commodus, better known as Lucius Verus. Born in 130, he would eventually become a Roman emperor.
  • Marcus Didius Severus Iulianus, better known as Didius Julianus. Born in 133 or 137 (the primary sources are contradictory to each other), he would eventually become a Roman emperor.

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Javier Teixidor (2015). The Pagan God: Popular Religion in the Greco-Roman Near East. Princeton University Press. p. 132. ISBN 1400871395. 
  2. ^ Asakura, Hironori (2003). World history of the customs and tariffs. World Customs Organization. p. 90. ISBN 978-2-87492-021-9.