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Millennium: 1st millennium
131 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 131
Ab urbe condita 884
Assyrian calendar 4881
Balinese saka calendar 52–53
Bengali calendar −462
Berber calendar 1081
Buddhist calendar 675
Burmese calendar −507
Byzantine calendar 5639–5640
Chinese calendar 庚午(Metal Horse)
2827 or 2767
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
2828 or 2768
Coptic calendar −153 – −152
Discordian calendar 1297
Ethiopian calendar 123–124
Hebrew calendar 3891–3892
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 187–188
 - Shaka Samvat 52–53
 - Kali Yuga 3231–3232
Holocene calendar 10131
Iranian calendar 491 BP – 490 BP
Islamic calendar 506 BH – 505 BH
Javanese calendar 6–7
Julian calendar 131
Korean calendar 2464
Minguo calendar 1781 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1337
Seleucid era 442/443 AG
Thai solar calendar 673–674
Tibetan calendar 阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
257 or −124 or −896
    — to —
(female Iron-Goat)
258 or −123 or −895

Year 131 (CXXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Laenas and Rufinus (or, less frequently, year 884 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 131 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]

  • Emperor Hadrian builds the city Aelia Capitolina on the location of Jerusalem.
  • The Praetor's Edict is definitively codified by Salvius Julianus on Hadrian's orders. This change means that senatorial decrees become a mere confirmation of the imperial speech (oratio principis) which initiated them.
  • Reorganization of the Imperial Council: Central administration is reinforced, and administrative positions are entrusted to Knights according to a very strict hierarchy. Under the reorganization, the Roman Senate is excluded from controlling the business of state.
  • Hadrian restores the monarchist policy of Claudius and Domitian. The equestrian order is given full legal status and attains the second order of the state.
  • Italy is divided into legal districts managed by consuls, a direct blow to the power and prestige of the Senate.

By topic[edit]


  • Edict of Hadrian prohibiting the practice of circumcision. Additionally, Hadrian prohibits public reading of the Torah under penalty of death, as well as observance of festivals and the Sabbath, the teaching of Judaic Law, and the ordination of rabbis.
  • The Temple of Baalshamin is built in Palmyra.[1]




  1. ^ Javier Teixidor (2015). The Pagan God: Popular Religion in the Greco-Roman Near East. Princeton University Press. p. 132. ISBN 1400871395.