131 is the natural number following 130 and preceding 132. 131 is a Sophie Germain prime, an irregular prime, the second 3-digit palindromic prime, a permutable prime with 113 and 311. It can be expressed as the sum of three consecutive primes, 131 = 41 + 43 + 47. 131 is an Eisenstein prime with no imaginary part and real part of the form 3 n − 1. Because the next odd number, 133, is a semiprime, 131 is a Chen prime. 131 is an Ulam number.131 is a full reptend prime in base 10. The decimal expansion of 1/131 repeats the digits 007633587786259541984732824427480916030534351145038167938931 297709923664122137404580152671755725190839694656488549618320 6106870229 indefinitely. Convair C-131 Samaritan was an American military transport produced from 1954 to 1956 Strike Fighter Squadron is a United States Navy F/A-18C Hornet fighter squadron stationed at Naval Air Station Oceana Tiger 131 is a German Tiger I heavy tank captured in Tunisia by the British 48th Royal Tank Regiment during World War II USNS Mission Santa Barbara was a Mission Buenaventura-class fleet oiler during World War II USS Bandera was a is a United States Navy Haskell-class attack transport ship during World War II USS Buchanan was a United States Navy Wickes-class destroyer USS General T. H.
Bliss was a United States Navy General G. O. Squier-class transport ship during World War II USS Hammann was a United States Navy Edsall-class destroyer escort during World War II USS Melucta was a United States Navy Crater-class cargo ship during World War II USS Walter X. Young was a ship of the United States Navy during World War II ZIL-131 is a 3.5-ton 6x6 army truck London Buses route 131 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London The Fiat 131 Mirafiori small/medium family car produced from 1974 to 1984 STS-131 is a NASA Contingency Logistic Flight of the Space Shuttle Atlantis planned for no earlier than February 2010 131 is also: The year AD 131 or 131 BC 131 AH is a year in the Islamic calendar that corresponds to 748 – 749 CE. 131 Vala is an inner Main belt asteroid Iodine-131, or radioiodine, is a radioisotope of iodine for medical and pharmaceutical use ACP-131 is the controlling publication for listing of Q codes and Z codes, as published by NATO Allied countries Sonnet 131 by William Shakespeare 131 is the medical emergency telephone number in Chile United States Citizenship and Immigration Services Form I-131 to apply for a travel document, reentry permit, refugee travel document or advance parole 131 is the ID3v1 tag equivalent to Indie music List of highways numbered 131 United Nations Security Council Resolution 131
Quantum metrology is the study of making high-resolution and sensitive measurements of physical parameters using quantum theory to describe the physical systems exploiting quantum entanglement and quantum squeezing. This field promises to develop measurement techniques that give better precision than the same measurement performed in a classical framework. A basic task of quantum metrology is estimating the parameter θ of the unitary dynamics ϱ = exp ϱ 0, where ϱ 0 is the initial state of the system and H is the Hamiltonian of the system. Θ is estimated based on measurements on ϱ. The system is composed of many particles, the Hamiltonian is a sum of single-particle terms H = ∑ k H k, where H k acts on the kth particle. In this case, there is no interaction between the particles, we talk about linear interferometers; the achievable precision is bounded from below by the quantum Cramér-Rao bound as 2 ≥ 1 F Q, where F Q is the quantum Fisher information. One example of note is the use of the NOON state in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer to perform accurate phase measurements.
A similar effect can be produced using less exotic states such as squeezed states. In atomic ensembles, spin squeezed. An important application of particular note is the detection of gravitational radiation with projects such as LIGO. Here high precision distance measurements must be made of two separated masses; however the measurements described by quantum metrology are not used as they are difficult to implement and there are many other sources of noise which prohibit the detection of gravity waves which must be overcome first. Plans may call for the use of quantum metrology in LIGO. A central question of quantum metrology is how the precision, i.e. the variance of the parameter estimation, scales with the number of particles. Classical interferometers cannot overcome the shot-noise limit 2 ≥ 1 N, where is N the number of particles. Quantum metrology can reach the Heisenberg limit given by 2 ≥ 1 N 2. However, if uncorrelated local noise is present for large particle numbers the scaling of the precision returns to shot-noise scaling 2 ∼ 1 N.
There are strong links between quantum quantum information science. It has been shown that quantum entanglement is needed to outperform classical interferometry in magnetrometry with a polarized ensemble of spins, it has been proved that a similar relation is valid for any linear interferometer, independent of the details of the scheme. Moreover and higher levels of multipartite entanglement is needed to achieve a better and better accuracy in parameter estimation
Wesley House was founded as a Methodist theological college in Jesus Lane, England. It opened in 1921 as a place for the education of Methodist ministers and today serves as a gateway to theological scholarship for students and scholars of the Wesleyan and Methodist traditions from around the world, it was a founding member of the Cambridge Theological Federation, an ecumenical body of theological colleges in Cambridge, affiliated to but independent of the University of Cambridge. The college was founded and endowed by Michael Gutteridge, a Methodist businessman in Naples, well known in Italy for philanthropy. After four years at 2 Brookside, Cambridge, in co-operation with Cheshunt College, it moved in 1925 to its present site, purchased from Jesus College; the principal's house was completed in 1929, the chapel, which contained paintings by Harold Speed, in 1930. The buildings were designed by Maurice Webb; the garden was designed in 1925 by Sir Aston Webb in a Tudor revival style. The chair of Systematics and Pastoral Theology was held by the first principal, Dr. Henry Maldwyn Hughes, from 1921 to 1937.
He was the author of several works on Christian belief. That of New Testament Language and Literature was held by the Revd Robert Newton Flew from 1927 to 1937, when he succeeded Hughes both as principal and professor. One of the earliest students was Donald Soper. Flew, principal up to 1955, was one of the moving forces behind the establishment of the World Council of Churches. Another alumnus was Bolaji Idowu, who headed the Methodist Church Nigeria from 1972 to 1984; the three-sided court fronted by iron gates and railings became enclosed in 1973 by a new building housing flats for married students and a lecture theatre. This building no longer belongs to the college. On 1 September 2014 the Jesus Lane site was sold back to Jesus College and a long lease on the eastern part of the site taken out by the Trustees of Wesley House; the Principal's House and Chapel were retained, whilst a new gatehouse building containing a library, dining hall and teaching rooms were constructed in Jesus Lane, as was a block of student accommodation at the back of the site.
The new buildings were opened in the 2016–2017 academic year in a ceremony featuring HRH Prince Edward, an alumnus of next-door Jesus College. The College is administered by a board of trustees. There is room for some 28 graduate students, for guests; the present Principal is Rev. Dr Jane Leach, who has written on pastoral care. Students working for the degrees of BTh, BA, MPhil and PhD are attached to a secular Cambridge University college or to Anglia Ruskin University as well as Wesley House. Wesley staff deliver courses developed in-house. Wesley House produces an academic journal,'Holiness', featuring peer-reviewed items of interest to Methodist scholars. Wesley House works in partnership with several other Methodist institutions worldwide, including Seth Mokitimi Methodist Seminary in South Africa, Wesley Theological Seminary in Washington DC, Kenya Methodist University, the Candler School of Theology in Atlanta, Georgia. 1921–1937: Henry Maldwyn Hughes 1937–1955: Robert Newton Flew 1955–1967: William Frederick Flemington 1967–1974: Ernest Gordon Rupp 1980–1984: Brian Edgar Beck 2011 – present: Jane Leach Westcott House, a Church of England theological college in Jesus Lane.