134th Cavalry Regiment (United States)

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134th Cavalry Regiment
134TH CAVALRY COA.jpeg
Coat of arms
Active1855-present
Country United States
AllegianceNebraska Nebraska
United States United States
BranchNebraska Army National Guard
United States Army National Guard (National Guard of the United States)
TypeCavalry
SizeRegiment (one squadron active)
Garrison/HQLincoln, Nebraska
Nickname(s)"First Nebraska" (special designation)
"Nebraska's Own"
Motto(s)"Lah We Lah His" (The Strong, The Brave)
Engagements
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Colonel Butler B. Miltonberger
Insignia
DUI134 Inf Rgt DUI.jpg
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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133rd Infantry Regiment 135th Infantry Regiment

The 134th Cavalry Regiment (formerly the 134th Infantry Regiment) is a cavalry regiment in the Nebraska Army National Guard. By extension, it is a member of the United States Army National Guard, and as a currently federally-recognized unit, also a member of the National Guard of the United States.

History[edit]

Interwar period[edit]

The 134th Infantry Regiment returned to the United States aboard the USS General G. W. Goethals, arriving at the port of New York on 24 January 1919. The regiment proceeded to Camp Grant, Illinois, where it was mustered out of federal service, demobilized, and personnel discharged on 18 February 1919.[1] Like many other states, Nebraska did not immediately reorganize its National Guard after World War I, instead choosing to wait for the War Department to present it an allotment of troops authorized per the amendments to the National Defense Act of 1916.[2] This proved problematic. The Omaha race riot of 1919 forced the state to call upon federal troops at Fort Crook and Fort Omaha, and when a response was not received in a timely manner, the remaining Home Guard troops nearest the riot and a volunteer force of 300 World War I veterans were mobilized. The riot concluded by the time these troops were ready to move.[3]

In late July 1920, after receiving its initial allotment which included one regiment of infantry, provisional companies were gradually organized and federally recognized in towns across the state. This task was completed by the spring of 1921, and the companies themselves were then reorganized to fit the new Militia Bureau tables of organization prescribed for an infantry regiment.[4] As the majority of the units that made up an infantry regiment were organized and federally recognized, Nebraska could then establish battalion and regimental headquarters and headquarters companies. On 1 July 1921, the provisional companies of the Nebraska National Guard were reorganized as the 1st Infantry Regiment, Nebraska National Guard, and the regimental and battalion headquarters and headquarters companies were organized and federally recognized in early July 1921.

The 134th Infantry Regiment was reconstituted in the National Guard in 1921 and assigned to the state of Nebraska. It was concurrently relieved from the 34th Division and assigned to the 35th Division.[5] A provision of the 1920 amendments to the National Defense Act of 1916 allowed for units of the National Guard and Organized Reserve that had served in World War I to retain their "names, numbers and other designations, flags, and records." On 25 October 1921, the 1st Infantry Regiment, Nebraska National Guard was redesignated the 134th Infantry Regiment.

1920-1921 Designation Federally recognized 1 July 1921 Designation Federally recognized 25 October 1921 Designation Station
Regtl. Hq., 1st Infantry 7 July 1921 Regtl. Hq., 134th Infantry Omaha, Nebr.
Regtl. Hq. Co., 1st Infantry 30 June 1921 Regtl. Hq. Co., 134th Infantry Omaha, Nebr.
1st Bn. Hq., 1st Infantry 5 July 1921 1st Bn. Hq., 134th Infantry Nebraska City, Nebr.
1st Bn. Hq. Co., 1st Infantry 5 July 1921 1st Bn. Hq. Co., 134th Infantry Nebraska City, Nebr.
2nd Bn. Hq., 1st Infantry 7 July 1921 2nd Bn. Hq., 134th Infantry Gering, Nebr.
2nd Bn. Hq. Co., 1st Infantry 7 July 1921 2nd Bn. Hq. Co., 134th Infantry Gering, Nebr.
3rd Bn. Hq., 1st Infantry 6 July 1921 3rd Bn. Hq., 134th Infantry Lincoln, Nebr.
3rd Bn. Hq. Co., 1st Infantry 6 July 1921 3rd Bn. Hq. Co., 134th Infantry Lincoln, Nebr.
13th Sep. Co. (Prov.) 14 April 1921 Service Co., 1st Infantry Service Co., 134th Infantry York, Nebr.
5th Sep. Co. (Prov.) 29 December 1920 Howitzer Co., 1st Infantry Howitzer Co., 134th Infantry Mitchell, Nebr.
Medical Det., 1st Infantry 25 July 1921 Medical Det., 134th Infantry Omaha, Nebr.
6th Sep. Co. (Prov.) 15 December 1920 Company A, 1st Infantry Company A, 134th Infantry Auburn, Nebr.
7th Sep. Co. (Prov.) 28 January 1921 Company B, 1st Infantry Company B, 134th Infantry Falls City, Nebr.
4th Sep. Co. (Prov.) 26 January 1921 Company C, 1st Infantry Company C, 134th Infantry Beatrice, Nebr.
11th Sep. Co. (Prov.) 28 March 1921 Company D, 1st Infantry Company D, 134th Infantry Fairmont, Nebr.
1st Sep. Co. (Prov.) 29 July 1920 Company E, 1st Infantry Company E, 134th Infantry Scottsbluff, Nebr.
3rd Sep. Co. (Prov.) 29 October 1920 Company F, 1st Infantry Company F, 134th Infantry Hartington, Nebr.
9th Sep. Co. (Prov.) 9 February 1921 Company G, 1st Infantry Company G, 134th Infantry Hastings, Nebr.
10th Sep. Co. (Prov.) 25 March 1921 Company H, 1st Infantry Company H, 134th Infantry Grand Island, Nebr.
12th Sep. Co. (Prov.) 26 April 1921 Company I, 1st Infantry Company I, 134th Infantry Lincoln, Nebr.
8th Sep. Co. (Prov.) 25 January 1921 Company K, 1st Infantry Company K, 134th Infantry Omaha, Nebr.
2nd Sep. Co. (Prov.) 17 August 1920 Company L, 1st Infantry Company L, 134th Infantry Omaha, Nebr.
14th Sep. Co. (Prov.) 7 June 1921 Company M, 1st Infantry Company M, 134th Infantry Seward, Nebr.

Lineage[edit]

  • Organized in 1855 in the Nebraska Militia from existing units as the 1st and 2d Regiments
  • Reorganized in part as the 1st Regiment, Nebraska Volunteer Infantry, and mustered into Federal service 11 June-21 July 1861 at Omaha
  • Converted and redesignated 5 November 1863 as the 1st Nebraska Cavalry
  • Consolidated 18 July 1865 with the 1st Battalion, Nebraska Veteran Cavalry (see Annex 1) and consolidated unit reorganized and redesignated as the 1st Nebraska Cavalry Veteran Volunteers
  • Mustered out of Federal service 1 July 1866 at Omaha
  • Reorganized 1867-1875 in the Nebraska State Militia as independent companies
  • Companies consolidated to form the 1st Regiment of Mounted Infantry (organized 1875-1876) and the 2d Regiment of Infantry (organized 1878-1879)
  • 1st Regiment of Mounted Infantry and the 2d Regiment of Infantry consolidated 13 July 1881 to form the 1st Regiment
  • Mustered into Federal service 9-10 May 1898 at Lincoln as the 1st Nebraska Volunteer Infantry; mustered out of Federal service 23 August 1899 at San Francisco, California
  • Reorganized 11 June 1900 in the Nebraska National Guard as the 1st Infantry Regiment
  • Consolidated 1 April 1913 with the 2d Infantry Regiment (see Annex 2) and reorganized as the 4th and 5th infantry Regiments
  • 4th and 5th Infantry Regiments mustered into Federal service 3 July 1916; mustered out of Federal service 21 February 1917
  • Drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917
  • 4th Infantry Regiment converted and redesignated 1 October 1917 as the 127th Field Artillery and assigned to the 34th Division; demobilized 18 February 1919 at Camp Grant, Illinois
  • 5th Infantry Regiment reorganized and redesignated 1 October 1917 as the 134th Infantry and assigned to the 34th Division; demobilized 18 February 1919 at Camp Grant, Illinois
  • Nebraska National Guard infantry regiment reorganized as provisional companies, 1920-1921
  • Provisional companies reorganized and redesignated 1 July 1921 as the 1st Infantry Regiment; headquarters organized 7 July 1921 at Omaha
  • Redesignated 25 October 1921 as the 134th Infantry and assigned to the 35th Division;
  • Inducted into Federal service 23 December 1940 at home stations
  • Inactivated 21 November 1945 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • Relieved 19 June 1946 from assignment to the 35th Infantry Division and assigned to the 34th Infantry Division
  • Reorganized 17 October 1946 with Headquarters at Omaha
  • Reorganized 1 May 1959 as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System to consist of the 1st and 2d Battle Groups, elements of the 34th Infantry Division
  • Reorganized 1 April 1963 to consist of the 1st and 2d Battalions, elements of the 67th Infantry Brigade
  • Reorganized 1 October 1985 to consist of the 1st and 2d Battalions, elements of the 35th Infantry Division
  • Withdrawn 14 December 1987 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System
  • Reorganized 1 September 1996 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 35th Infantry Division
  • Consolidated 1 September 2003 with the 167th Cavalry (see ANNEX 3), and consolidated unit designated as the 167th Cavalry, to consist of the 1st Squadron, an element of the 35th Infantry Division
  • Reorganized and redesignated 1 September 2005 as the 134th Cavalry, to consist of the 1st Squadron, and relieved from assignment to the 35th Infantry Division
  • Redesignated 1 October 2005 as the 134th Cavalry Regiment
  • Ordered into active Federal service 11 October 2005 at home stations; released from active Federal service 29 September 2007 and reverted to state control

Annex 1[edit]

  • Organized and mustered into Federal service 23 October 1862-24 March 1863 at Omaha as the 2d Nebraska Cavalry
  • Mustered out of Federal service 4 September-23 December 1863 at Omaha
  • Reorganized and mustered into Federal service 14 January 31-August 1864 as the 1st Battalion, Nebraska Veteran Cavalry

Annex 2[edit]

  • Organized 13 August 1887 in the Nebraska National Guard as the 2d Infantry Regiment
  • Mustered into Federal service 9-14 May 1898 at Lincoln as the 2d Nebraska Volunteer Infantry; mustered out of Federal service 24 October 1898 at Omaha
  • Reorganized 6 June 1899 in the Nebraska National Guard as the 2d Infantry Regiment

Annex 3[edit]

  • Constituted 12 February 1964 in the Nebraska Army National Guard as the 167th Cavalry, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System
  • Reorganized 26 September 1985 to consist of the 1st Squadron, an element of the 35th Infantry Division
  • Withdrawn 14 December 1987 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System as the 167th Cavalry, to consist of the 1st Squadron
  • Ordered into Federal service 30 December 2002 at home stations; released from active Federal service 31 October 2003 and reverted to state control

Source:[6][7]

Distinctive unit insignia[edit]

Background[edit]

The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 134th Infantry Regiment on 1 December 1932. On 22 August 2006, it was redesignated for the 134th Cavalry Regiment, with the description and symbolism updated.

Description[edit]

A Gold color metal and enamel device 1 1/8 inches (2.86 cm) in height overall consisting of a shield blazoned: Per chevron Azure and Argent, in chief the Katipunan sun in splendor and an olla Or charged with a bull skull Gules, in base a mound Vert a palm tree Proper entwined with a snake of the fifth. Attached below a Gold scroll inscribed "LAH WE LAH HIS" in Blue letters.

Symbolism[edit]

The shield is Argent (white) and Azure (blue), the colors of the Infantry and the original designation of the unit. The Katipunan sun represents the Philippine Insurrection, and the palm tree Spanish–American War service. The olla is made gold to comply with heraldic rules, and denotes the World War I service of the organization in the 34th Division. The snake symbolizes Mexican Border service.

Coat of arms[edit]

Background[edit]

The coat of arms was originally approved for the 134th Infantry Regiment on 11 July 1938. On 22 August 2006, it was redesignated for the 134th Cavalry Regiment with the symbolism of the shield updated.

Blazon[edit]

  • Shield: Per chevron Azure and Argent, in chief the Katipunan sun in splendor and an olla Or charged with a bull skull Gules, in base a mound Vert a palm tree Proper entwined with a snake of the fifth.
  • Crest: That for the regiments and separate battalions of the Nebraska Army National Guard: From a wreath Argent and Azure an ear of corn in full ear partially husked Proper.
  • Motto: LAH WE LAH HIS (The Strong, The Brave).

Symbolism[edit]

  • Shield: The shield is Argent (white) and Azure (blue), the colors of the Infantry and the original designation of the unit. The Katipunan sun represents the Philippine Insurrection, and the palm tree Spanish–American War service. The olla is made gold to comply with heraldic rules, and denotes the World War I service of the organization in the 34th Division. The snake symbolizes the Mexican Border service.
  • Crest: The crest is that of the Nebraska Army National Guard.

Campaign streamers[edit]

American Indian Wars
  • Pine Ridge
  • Dakota 1863
  • Nebraska 1864–1865
  • Colorado 1865

American Civil War

Spanish–American War

Philippine–American War

World War I

  • Streamer without inscription

World War II

War on Terror

  • Kuwait
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Iraq: Iraqi Governance (A Troop only), National Resolution, Iraqi Surge
  • Afghanistan: Consolidation III

Decorations[edit]

Regiment[edit]

Active subordinate units[edit]

  • Headquarters Troop (Lincoln), 1st Squadron: Meritorious Unit Commendation with streamer embroidered EUROPEAN THEATER 1944-1945
  • Troop C (Beatrice), 1st Squadron: Presidential Unit Citation with streamer embroidered HABKIRCHEN

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clay, Steven (2014). U.S. Army Order of Battle 1919-1941, Volume 1, The Arms: Major Commands and Infantry Organizations. Fort Leavenworth: Combat Studies Institute Press. p. 423.
  2. ^ Paul, Herbert (1920). Biennial Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Nebraska 1919-1920. Lincoln: State of Nebraska Adjutant General's Department. p. 3.
  3. ^ Paul, Herbert (1920). Biennial Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Nebraska 1919-1920. Lincoln: State of Nebraska Adjutant General's Department. p. 6.
  4. ^ Paul, Herbert (1922). Biennial Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Nebraska 1921-1922. Lincoln: State of Nebraska Adjutant General's Department. p. 11, 62.
  5. ^ Clay, Steven (2014). U.S. Army Order of Battle 1919-1941, Volume 1, The Arms: Major Commands and Infantry Organizations. Fort Leavenworth: Combat Studies Institute Press. p. 423.
  6. ^ Lineage Book, 34th Division, 1953
  7. ^ "134th Cavalry Regiment Lineage and Honors". U.S. Army Center of Military History. 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2018.

External links[edit]