13th Ohio Battery

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13th Ohio Independent Battery "Myers Battery"
Active February 15, 1862, to April 20, 1862
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Artillery
Equipment 2-6 pounder bronze field guns, 4-6 pounder James Rifles
Engagements Battle of Shiloh

13th Ohio Independent Battery was an artillery battery that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Service[edit]

The battery was organized and mustered into Federal Service on February 15, 1862, at Camp Dennison near Cincinnati, Ohio, with Captain John B Myers commanding, for a three-year enlistment, it was mainly recruited in the counties of Logan, Union, Champaign, Hardin & Shelby. It was attached to 4th Division, Army of the Tennessee Commanded by Brigadier General Stephen A. Hurlbut. NOTE: Both the books by Reid & Dyer List the battery as not fully formed and only a section fought at Shiloh, this is an error, the battery was fully formed and had its six guns plus 5 officers and 135 men.

On the first day of the Battle of Shiloh (April 6, 1862), the battery was positioned in the Peach Orchard Field, while the battery was coming on line, it was struck by enemy fire. Sergeant David Skeen Price (Sergeant of Gun #2) was killed instantly when a cannonball struck him in the shoulder throwing him off his horse, a second round struck a caisson and it exploded causing the horses to bolt. five of the batteries six guns were captured. The sixth gun was taken back to Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee, where it was brought together with other guns and was fired the rest of the battle, the five captured guns were recovered on April 7. The battery as a whole did not engage in the rest of the battle, the organization of the battery was disbanded April 20, 1862, by Army of the Tennessee Special Field Order #17 issued by Major General Henry Halleck. The men were transferred to the 7th Ohio Battery, 10th Ohio Battery, or 14th Ohio Battery, and the officers were mustered out of the service, with the exception of Lieutenant Ezra Bennett, who was at the hospital during the battle. He was reassigned to the 14th Ohio Battery, the Lieutenant Governor of Ohio Benjamin Stanton was at the battle and witnessed the aftermath, he was also a friend of Capt. Myers and published an article criticizing the conduct of the generals at the battle.

Casualties[edit]

The battery lost a total of 20 enlisted men during service; 3 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 17 enlisted men died due to disease.

Commanders[edit]

  • Captain John Blymier Myers

Officers[edit]

  • 1st Lieutenant John Reynolds Brown
  • 1st Lieutenant Ezra Bennett
  • 2nd Lieutenant Edmund Burke Lowe
  • 2nd Lieutenant Levi M Willits

Sergeants[edit]

  • 1st Sergeant Alonzo Stokes
  • Ordnance William Skidmore Keller
  • Wagonmaster Levi J Southard
  • Quartermaster Daniel D Haines
  • Quartermaster William Carey Myers
  • John R Griffith
  • Joseph Atwell Keller
  • Robert M Painter
  • Thomas Jeffrey
  • James W Brown
  • David Skeen Price

Corporals[edit]

  • Lorenzo Dow Ennis
  • Emanuel Whitaker
  • James Eaton
  • Caleb Wilgus Ballinger
  • Bethuel Ellis
  • Edward Elias
  • Samuel Marmon
  • David Enoch

Musicians[edit]

  • Chief Bugler Madison Lewis Obenchain

Artificiers[edit]

  • John C Powell
  • Napoleon Bonapart Burkhart

Farriers[edit]

  • John Crawford Porter

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
  • Ohio Roster Commission. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War on the Rebellion, 1861–1865, Compiled Under the Direction of the Roster Commission (Akron, OH: Werner Co.), 1886–1895.
  • Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Her Generals, and Soldiers (Cincinnati, OH: Moore, Wilstach, & Baldwin), 1868. ISBN 9781154801965
  • Ohio Shiloh Battlefield Commission. Ohio at Shiloh (Washington C. H., OH: C. J. Krehbiel & Co.) 1903.
  • Powers, John M. That Terrible First Day (Military History, October 1984, Herndon, VA. Empire Press) 1984.
  • Pension Files of the members of the 13th Ohio Battery from the National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. 1862-1946
  • Witham, George F. Shiloh, Shells and Artillery Units (Memphis, TN: Riverside Press) 1980
Attribution
  • This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co.

External links[edit]