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1403

Year 1403 was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. January/February – In the Treaty of Gallipoli, Süleyman Çelebi makes wide-ranging concessions to the Byzantine Empire and other Christian powers in the southern Balkans. February 7 – King Henry IV of England marries as his second wife Joan of Navarre, the daughter of King Charles II of Navarre and widow of John IV, Duke of Brittany, at Winchester Cathedral. March 12 – As King Martin I of Aragon helps to end the siege by the French of the papal palace in Avignon, Antipope Benedict XIII flees to Aragon. April – Balša III succeeds his father Đurađ II as ruler of the Principality of Zeta. May 21 – Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo, an ambassador from the king of Castile to Timur, leaves Cadiz. Before July 21 – Henry'Hotspur' Percy forms an alliance with Welsh rebel Owain Glyndŵr. July 21 – Battle of Shrewsbury: King Henry IV of England defeats a rebel army led by "Hotspur" Percy, killed in the battle. October 7 – Battle of Modon: The Genoese fleet under Jean Le Maingre is defeated by the Republic of Venice, at Modon in the Peloponnese.

Jan Hus begins preaching Wycliffite ideas in Bohemia. In China, the Yongle Emperor of the Ming Dynasty moves the capital from Nanjing to Beijing. Commissions the Yongle Encyclopedia, one of the world's earliest and largest known general encyclopedias. Orders his coastal provinces to build a vast fleet of ships, with construction centered at Longjiang near Nanjing; the Temple of a City God is constructed in Shanghai. The Gur-e Amir Mausoleum is built in Samarkand by Timur, after the death of his grandson Muhammad Sultan, becomes the family mausoleum of the Timurid Dynasty. Georgia has to recognise him as a suzerain and pay him tribute; the world's first quarantine station is built in Venice. Grand Duke Vytautas ends his alliance with Muscovy, captures Vyazma and Smolensk. Stefan Lazarević establishes Belgrade, as the capital of the Serbian Despotate. A guild of stationers is founded in the City of London; as the Worshipful Company of Stationers and Newspaper Makers, it continues to be a Livery Company in the 21st Century.

In Ireland Tadgh Ruadh mac Maelsechlainn O Cellaigh succeeds Conchobar an Abaidh mac Maelsechlainn O Cellaigh, as King of Hy-Many, in present-day Galway and Roscommon. Maolmhordha mac Con Connacht succeeds Giolla Iosa mac Pilib, as King of East Breifne, in present-day Leitrim and Cavan. Probable – Ououso becomes King of Nanzan, in present-day south Okinawa, Japan. January 2 – Basilios Bessarion, Latin Patriarch of Constantinople February 22 – King Charles VII of France, monarch of the House of Valois, King of France from 1422 to his death June 11 – John IV, Duke of Brabant, son of Antoine August 11 – Ravenna Petrova, Princess of Amara Palace, daughter of William Hamilton and Anita Petrova. September 1 – Louis VIII, Duke of Bavaria, German noble September 25 – Louis III of Anjou September 29 – Elisabeth of Brandenburg, Duchess of Brzeg-Legnica and Cieszyn, German princess date unknown Robert Wingfield, English politician John IV, Emperor of Trebizond March 8 – Beyazid, Ottoman Sultan April 27 – Maria of Bosnia, Countess of Helfenstein April – Đurađ II Stracimirović, Serbian nobleman from the House of Balšić in Zeta May 10 – Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster, spouse of John of Gaunt May 12 – William de Lode, English prior July 21 Sir Walter Blount, English soldier, standard-bearer of Henry IV Edmund Stafford, 5th Earl of Stafford, English soldier Henry'Hotspur' Percy, English rebel July 23 – Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester, English rebel date unknown – Vukosav Nikolić, Bosnian nobleman probable date – Hajji Zayn al-Attar, Persian physician

Gem√ľnd (Schleiden)

Gemünd is a village in the Eifel region of Germany. With over 4250 inhabitants it is the largest village in the municipality of Schleiden, it is a well known Kneipp resort. In Gemünd the Olef has its mouth on the River Urft. On the southern slopes of the Kermeter upland forest and east of the Dreiborn Plateau, the village of Gemünd is the southeastern gateway to the Eifel National Park. Gemünd lies on the confluence of the Olef and Urft; this point is marked by the Baroque statue of the patron saint of bridges, John of Nepomuk, erected around 1730 and is made of red sandstone in the style of the bridge statues in Prague. It stands on a 1738 plinth with the Harff/Hoheneck coat of arms, has been at this spot since 1859/60. Today, the original figure is in the spa house. At the centre of the village above the river confluence to the north is the spa centre. Ruth Schmitz-Ehmke, Barbara Fischer: Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler des Kreises Euskirchen. Stadt Schleiden. Berlin, 1996. Wilhelm Günther: Gemünder Stadtgeschichte im Spiegel alter Bilder Schleiden, 1968.

Wilhelm Günther: Als Gemünd noch Kreishauptort war Schleiden, 1965. Peter Neu: Eisenindustrie in der Eifel. Köln 1988. Ulrike Schwieren-Höger: Natur- und Kulturführer Nationalpark Eifel und seine neun Städte und Gemeinden. Gaasterland-Verlag, Düsseldorf, 2007, ISBN 978-3-935873-22-2. Ernst Wackenroder: Die Kunstdenkmäler des Kreises Schleiden. Düsseldorf, 1932. Hanna Wachtel, Lothar Braunisch: Schleiden-Gemünd. Stadt-Bild-Verlag, Leipzig o. J. Schleiden-Gemünd-Kriegsgräberstätte

Quebec (album)

Quebec is the eighth studio album by the American rock band Ween, released on August 5, 2003 on Sanctuary Records. It was the first album released after the band's contract with Elektra expired, marked its return to independent labels; the song "It's Gonna Be a Long Night" is featured in the video game Tony Hawk's Underground 2 and in the TV show The Shield. The music video for "Transdermal Celebration" was animated by Adam Phillips. Music critic Mark Prindle named Quebec the best album of the 2000s in an interview on Fox News Channel's Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld. Mojo named it the No. 39 best album of 2003. "CMJ" named it the No. 8 best album of 2003. On August 11, 2011, Dean Ween released a two-disc, MP3-only collection of songs, The Caesar Demos, named after the band's original working title for quebec—to friends on his Facebook page. In his comment, he stated the songs were all recorded between 2001 and 2003 while drummer Claude Coleman, Jr. was recovering from injuries sustained in a car accident, that many of the tracks featured only himself and Gene.

In addition to a handful of recordings that made the album, the demos feature several alternate takes as well as a number of songs that have remained unreleased. The cover art on this album is a takeoff of the game Thorns from the 3M Paper Games Series. All tracks written by Ween; the Caesar Demos is a compilation album released digitally for free trading by the band in 2011. It contains a combination of demo tracks from Quebec and songs recorded for the album which were cut prior to pressing. About the compilation Dean Ween wrote: well what can i say about this here, lemme see; the first thing that comes to mind is that all the while we were doing this we still had claude coleman on drums, he got into a major car wreck and wasn't around when it came time to make the "real" record. Instead the drum duties fell on me, josh freese, sim cain for a couple of tunes. All of this was recorded at our beach house in holgate, nj onto 16 track tape. A tiny bit of it was recorded in the garage behind aaron's house in pt. pleasant, pa. some of it was recorded in the spare bedroom of my house in new hope.

Most of the tunes aaron, with the two of us playing everything, with me on drums. The songs with claude and glenn are pretty obvious. On just a few tunes we took what you hear here and cleaned them up and had andrew weiss mix them for the record after some overdubs. Dave sings on "it's gonna be a long night", this was days before he had surgery to remove polyps in his throat and his voice was rough so we figured he was the guy for the job; this isn't all of the tunes that we ended up choosing from, just the ones i happened to burn to cd before we drove home from the beach every week. Hope you dig it for what it is. Dean Ween – bass, drums, electric guitar, vocals, electric sitar, vocoder Gene Weensynthesizer, acoustic guitar, bass guitar, electric guitar, vocals, drum machine Andrew Weiss – synthesizer, strings, drums, producer, fretless bass, soloist Glen McClelland – organ, accordion, keyboards Dave Dreiwitz – bass Sim Cain – drums Josh Freese – drums Ween – arranger Christopher Shaw – mixing Ted Young – mixing assistant Howie Weinbergmastering 2003 Billboard 200 No. 81