SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

1406

Year 1406 was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. April 4 – James I becomes King of Scotland, after having been captured by Henry IV of England. October 7 – French troops comprising 1,000 men at arms land on Jersey, fight a battle against 3,000 defenders. October 13 – Richard Whittington is elected Lord Mayor of London for a second full term, he holds this office with that of Mayor of the Calais Staple. October 26 – Eric of Pomerania marries Philippa, daughter of Henry IV of England. November 30 – Pope Gregory XII succeeds Pope Innocent VII, as the 205th pope. December 25 – John II becomes King of Castile. Construction of the Forbidden City begins in Beijing during the Chinese Ming Dynasty. Pisa is subjugated by Florence. January 28 – Guy XIV de Laval, French noble July 11 – William, Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg, Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg September 26 – Thomas de Ros, 8th Baron de Ros, English soldier and politician date unknown John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach Margaret, Countess of Vertus, French countess Martin of Aragon, Aragon infante Ulrich II, Count of Celje probable date Iancu de Hunedoara – governor of Hungary January 6 – Roger Walden, English bishop March 17 – Ibn Khaldun, African Arab historian April 4 – King Robert III of Scotland May 4 – Coluccio Salutati, Chancellor of Florence July 15 – William, Duke of Austria August 28 – John de Sutton V September 16 – Cyprian, Metropolitan of Moscow November 1 – Joanna, Duchess of Brabant November 6 – Pope Innocent VII December 25 – King Henry III of Castile probable date – Tokhtamysh, khan of the Golden Horde

Afripedia Project

The Afripedia Project was launched in mid-June 2012 and is ongoing. It aims to expand offline Wikipedia access in French-speaking Africa, encourage Africans to contribute to Wikipedia; the project installs local Kiwix-serve wireless and intranet servers and provides training and maintenance support. The founding partners are Wikimédia France, the Institut Français, the Agence universitaire de la Francophonie. French is spoken by an estimated 120 million people in Africa, spread across 24 francophone countries. Access to Wikipedia from USB keys was not new in Africa, but keys are very outdated, where Afripedia is updated. Many of the partnering universities have low-bandwidth internet; the project offers additional content such as Wiktionary. Any content, first packaged in a ZIM file can be relayed over the Afripedia network; the project encourages the formation of Afripedia clubs for local users. The project has been described as a worthy stopgap measure, until such time as internet access can be developed throughout Africa.

Autumn 2011 – Spring 2012: Project preparation, partnership formation, Kiwix algorithm development 2012, June 15: Agreement signed on behalf of the Agence universitaire de la Francophonie, the Institut français, Wikimédia France, by Bernard Cerquiglini, Xavier Darcos and Rémi Mathis. July 2012: Presentation of project and prototype at the Forum mondial de la langue française in Québec 2012, November 6–9: training of 15 leaders from 12 East and Central African countries held at the Campus numérique francophone at the Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny in Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Internet-in-a-box

Global Centre for Pluralism

The Global Centre for Pluralism is an international centre for research and exchange about the values and policies that underpin pluralist societies. Based in Ottawa, Canada, the Centre seeks to assist the creation of successful societies; the Global Centre for Pluralism is an international initiative of Aga Khan IV, 49th hereditary Imam of Ismaili Muslims, was established jointly with the Government of Canada in 2006. It is located in the former Canadian War Museum building along Ottawa's Sussex Drive and was opened on May 16, 2017; the Board of Directors of the Global Centre for Pluralism are the following: His Highness the Aga Khan and Chairman of the Aga Khan Development Network and 49th hereditary Imam of the Shia Ismaili Muslims. The building was built from 1904 to 1906 and is designated a National Historic Site of Canada and a Classified Federal Heritage Building; the Centre is a think-tank for fostering pluralism. The Centre honours people, for efforts to build an inclusive society, with the Global Pluralism Awards.

The awards were presented for the first time on November 15, 2017, with the winners being Leyner Palacios Asprilla of Colombia, Alice Wairimu Nderitu of Kenya, Daniel Webb of Australia. They were awarded for the second time on November 20, 2019, with the winners being Deborah Ahenkorah of Ghana, the Center for Social Integrity of Myanmar, ‘Learning History That Is Not Yet History’ of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia. Delegation of the Ismaili Imamat Global Centre for Pluralism website