First aerial crossing of the South Atlantic

The first aerial crossing of the South Atlantic was made by the Portuguese naval aviators Gago Coutinho and Sacadura Cabral in 1922, to mark the centennial of Brazil's independence. Coutinho and Cabral flew in stages from Lisbon, Portugal, to Rio de Janeiro, using three different Fairey III biplanes, covered a distance of 8,383 kilometres between March 30 and June 17. Although the North Atlantic had been traversed in a non-stop flight by John Alcock and Arthur Brown in 1919, Coutinho and Cabral's flight remains notable as a milestone in transatlantic aviation, for its use of new technologies such as the artificial horizon; the journey started at the Bom Sucesso Naval Air Station in the Tagus, near the Belém Tower in Lisbon, at 16:30 on March 30, 1922, in the Portuguese Naval Aviation aircraft Lusitânia, a Fairey III-D MkII seaplane outfitted for the journey. The Lusitânia was equipped with an artificial horizon for aeronautical use, a revolutionary invention at the time; the first part of the journey ended on the same day at Las Palmas de Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands, where the aviators noticed that the plane's fuel consumption was higher than expected.

The journey resumed on April 5, when they departed for São Vicente Island, Cape Verde, traversing 1,370 kilometres. After making repairs on the Lusitânia, they departed São Vicente on April 17 and flew to Praia on Santiago Island, to the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago in Brazilian waters, where they arrived on the same day, after flying 1,700 kilometres over the South Atlantic, they had reached that point by relying on the Coutinho's sextant with its artificial horizon. However, when ditching on the rough seas near the archipelago, the Lusitânia lost one of its floats and sank; the two aviators were saved by the cruiser NRP República, sent by the Portuguese Navy to support the aerial crossing. The aviators were carried to the Brazilian Fernando de Noronha islands. Enthusiastic Portuguese and Brazilian public opinion about the flight led the Portuguese government to send another Fairey III seaplane to complete the journey; the new plane, baptized Pátria, arrived at Fernando Noronha on May 6.

After being refitted, the Pátria departed on May 11 with Cabral on board. They flew to the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago to resume the journey at the point where it had been interrupted. However, an engine problem forced them to once again make an emergency ditching in the middle of the ocean, where they drifted for nine hours until being saved by the nearby British cargo ship Paris City, which carried them back to Fernando Noronha. A third Fairey III – baptized Santa Cruz by the wife of Epitácio Pessoa, the President of Brazil – was sent out, carried by the cruiser NRP Carvalho Araújo. On June 5, the Santa Cruz was put in the waters of Fernando Noronha and Coutinho and Cabral resumed their journey, flying to Recife to Salvador da Bahia to Vitória and from there to Rio de Janeiro, where they arrived on June 17, 1922, ditching in the Guanabara Bay; the two men were received as heroes by huge crowds, were greeted by the aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont. Although their journey had lasted 79 days, the actual flight time was 26 minutes.

In January 1926, a Spanish team including Ramón Franco, Julio Ruiz de Alda Miqueleiz, Juan Manuel Duran and Pablo Rada made the first flight between Spain and South America in a single aircraft, the Plus Ultra. They followed a similar route to Coutinho. Coutinho and Cabral's aerial crossing inspired numerous subsequent transatlantic pilots, such as the American Charles Lindbergh, the Brazilian João Ribeiro de Barros and the Portuguese Sarmento de Beires, all of whom crossed the Atlantic in 1927. List of firsts in aviation Portuguese Naval Aviation

Milkshake Duck

The whole internet loves Milkshake Duck, a lovely duck that drinks milkshakes! *5 seconds later* We regret to inform you the duck is racist 12 June 2016 Milkshake Duck is an Internet meme that describes phenomena that are perceived as positive but revealed to be flawed. Oxford Dictionaries defined the term as "a person or character on social media that appears to be endearing at first, but is found to have an unappealing back story", but did not consider usage of the neologism to be sufficiently long-lived or widespread to warrant inclusion in their dictionaries; the term has been connected to "cancel culture", a growing trend of call-out culture on social media resulting in celebrities being ostracized and careers abruptly derailed by publicized misconduct. The meme is a reference to a Twitter post on 12 June 2016 by Ben Ward, an Australian cartoonist using the online handle "pixelatedboat", his Twitter joke describes a fictional Internet viral phenomenon of a "lovely duck that drinks milkshakes" and is subsequently discovered to be racist.

Ward described the Twitter message as "a pretty good joke" summing up a recent trend where popularity that comes via the Internet can be undone by the discovery of something troubling in a person's past. When asked in 2017, Ward was unsure what inspired him to make the joke, but recalled it was influenced by the Chewbacca Mask Lady. In December 2017, Oxford Dictionaries announced that the phrase was a runner-up as "word of the year", losing out to "youthquake". In January 2018, Australia's Macquarie Dictionary named "milkshake duck" its 2017 "word of the year"; the phenomenon had some notable examples prior to June 2017, in particular with Ken Bone during the 2016 United States Presidential debate, given positive exposure, until a questionable Reddit history was revealed after his appearances. The demonstration of the independently developed video game The Last Night was a highlight of Microsoft's press conference during the Electronic Entertainment Expo 2017 due to its stylish cyberpunk visuals.

One of its creators, Tim Soret, was found to have spoken in support of the Gamergate controversy in 2014, which led to criticism of his views a day and tarnished the game's image. Soret apologized the next day and said his views on Gamergate and other matters had since changed; the "milkshake duck" term was applied to the game. Criticism over the game and the subsequent controversy over social media led to wider adoption of the term. South African-born R&B singer Doja Cat was declared the Milkshake Duck of 2018 by NME; the recording artist had experienced a viral hit with her single "Mooo!," a novelty song with an absurdist lyrical theme in which she fantasizes about being a cow. Controversy ensued when it was revealed that in a 2015 tweet she had used the homophobic term "faggot" to describe hiphop artists Tyler, the Creator and Earl Sweatshirt, members of the musical collective Odd Future, she defended her remarks, writing, "I called a couple people faggots when I was in high school in 2015 does this mean I don't deserve support?

I’ve said faggot like 15 thousand times in my life. Does saying faggot mean you hate gay people?" Her response met further backlash, including a critical tweet by Will and Grace actress Debra Messing, expressing disappointment in Doja for defending past ignorance and imploring her to use her fame and platform for good. Doja Cat issued a series of apologies for her derogatory words and deleted her tweets; the controversy generated much discourse about the limits of "cancel culture". Shortly after his webcomic Strange Planet began to achieve viral success in early 2019, US cartoonist Nathan W. Pyle was described as an example of the milkshake duck phenomenon when a 2017 tweet of his was revealed that expressed anti-abortion views. Pyle said shortly afterward that he and his wife “have private beliefs as they pertain to our Christian faith. We believe separation of church and state is crucial to our nation flourishing”, were supporters of the Democratic Party. In October 2018, some news outlets used the term "reverse milkshake duck" to describe the reversal of one's public image from problematic to positive.

A mother with the Twitter username BlueStarNavyMom3 tweeted a picture of her son, associating him with the #HimToo hashtag, suggesting he was afraid to go on solo dates to due to false sexual accusations. The son, Pieter Hanson, was surprised by the post and in a newly created Twitter account posted a message saying the opposite: That was my Mom. Sometimes the people we love do things. Let's turn this around. I #BelieveWomen. I never never will support #HimToo. I'm Cat Dad and Ally. Twitter, your meme game is on point; the Verge writer Devon Maloney was one of the first to put a name to the reversal, saying, "In what may have been the internet's first-ever reverse milkshake-ducking, Pieter himself logged on a few hours to clear his name once and for all."Vox's Aja Romano suggested the phenomenon "might be whatever the opposite of a Milkshake Duck is—when a viral moment starts out seeming awful but becomes unexpectedly good." The Guardian said, "Hanson's story may be one of the first instances of the reversal, as the reality of his personality—a decent and inspiring young man—is a far cry from the sexist way we were introduced to him."

Slate described it as "a viral villain outed as, despite it all, a righteous hero." A related concept to "milkshake duck" is that of the "problematic fave", describing a notable and popular person who, despite recent offensive or harmful statements or actions, manages to retain their popularity. Entrepreneur Elon Musk has been described as a "problematic fave" following his c