145th Street (IRT Lenox Avenue Line)

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 145 Street
 "3" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
145 Lenox IRT sta jeh.JPG
Southbound staircase on the southwest corner
Station statistics
Address West 145th Street & Malcolm X Boulevard
New York, NY 10030
Borough Manhattan
Locale Harlem
Coordinates 40°49′12″N 73°56′10″W / 40.82°N 73.936°W / 40.82; -73.936Coordinates: 40°49′12″N 73°56′10″W / 40.82°N 73.936°W / 40.82; -73.936
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT Lenox Avenue Line
Services       3 all times (all times)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M1, M7, M102, Bx19
Bus transport Short Line Bus: 208
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened November 23, 1904; 113 years ago (1904-11-23)
Station code 437[1]
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2016) 1,086,105[3]Decrease 4.5%
Rank 350 out of 422
Station succession
Next north Harlem–148th Street: 3 all times
Next south 135th Street: 3 all times

145th Street Subway Station (IRT)
MPS New York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference # 05000231[4]
Added to NRHP March 30, 2005

145th Street is a station on the IRT Lenox Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of 145th Street and Lenox Avenue in the Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan, it is served by the 3 train at all times. Since there is only one more station on the Lenox Avenue Line, seven blocks north, entry is provided only to the southbound platforms, although northbound customers are allowed to exit from this station,[5] it is landmarked on the National Register of Historic Places.

Station layout[edit]

Track layout
A 3 train speeds by the platforms of 145th Street station
G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right for the first five cars only
Northbound "3" train toward Harlem–148th Street (alighting passengers only) (Terminus)
Southbound "3" train toward New Lots Avenue (42nd Street late nights) (135th Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right for the first five cars only

There are two tracks with two short side platforms that accommodate seven and a half cars. Only the first five cars of a train open here because the R62s used on the 3 service are configured in five-car sets and each must have their doors opened at the same time (selective door operation is used).[6] In the 1980s and 1990s, the R62s were operable as single units, so up to seven cars could open their doors at the station.

Like the other stations on the original IRT subway, it was initially built for trains shorter in length than the standard eight to ten cars used by the subway; in the 1950s and 1960s, all of the other IRT stations were either lengthened to 10 cars or closed. The 145th Street station was also lengthened by two cars, this is evidenced by the dense layout of the support columns at the north end of each platform, as well as the lack of columns separating the two tracks, since the site formerly accommodated a track crossover. There were plans for 145th Street to be closed in the 1960s, so it was unnecessary to further lengthen the platforms. However, the station remained open, leaving 145th Street as the only original IRT station that still cannot accommodate ten-car trains.

Approximately 200 feet (61 m) north of the station is a diamond crossover for the approach to the northern terminal of the 3 train at Harlem–148th Street. Approximately 300 feet (91 m) south of the station is the 142nd Street Junction with the IRT White Plains Road Line.[7] A track crossover formerly existed immediately south of the station, and another switch existed immediately north of the original platforms, within the space occupied by the current platform extension.

Exits[edit]

Street staircases from platform level go up to all four corners of 145th Street and Malcolm X Boulevard. There is no entrance from the street to the northbound platform, as both eastern street staircases contain a high exit-only turnstile and emergency gate.[8]

  • One stair, NW corner of Lenox Avenue and West 145th Street (southbound only)[8]
  • One stair, SW corner of Lenox Avenue and West 145th Street (southbound only)[8]
  • One stair, NE corner of Lenox Avenue and West 145th Street (exit only)[8]
  • One stair, SE corner of Lenox Avenue and West 145th Street (exit only)[8]

History[edit]

The Lenox Avenue Line opened south of 145th Street just after midnight on November 23, 1904, as part of the IRT's original system,[9] this station served as the northern terminal of the IRT Lenox Avenue Line until May 13, 1968, when the line was extended north to Harlem-148th Street through the pre-existing Lenox Yard. At that time, this station was planned to be closed. However, such plans were shelved due to protests from the local community over the long walk (up to seven blocks) to either the new station or 135th Street one stop south, and due to possible congestion issues at 135th Street.[6]

From 1995 to 2008, this station lacked full-time service, as 3 trains did not operate during late nights. Full-time service was restored on July 27, 2008.[10]

The station has been on the National Register of Historic Places since March 30, 2005.[11]

Under the 2015–2019 MTA Capital Plan, the station, along with thirty other New York City Subway stations, will undergo a complete overhaul and would be entirely closed for up to 6 months. Updates would include cellular service, Wi-Fi, charging stations, improved signage, and improved station lighting;[12][13] in January 2018, the NYCT and Bus Committee recommended that Citnalta-Forte receive the $125 million contract for the renovations of 167th and 174th–175th Streets on the IND Concourse Line and 145th Street on the IRT Lenox Avenue Line.[14] However, the MTA Board temporarily deferred the vote for these packages after city representatives refused to vote to award the contracts,[15][16] the contract was put back for a vote in February, where it was ultimately approved.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2011–2016". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved November 6, 2011. 
  5. ^ Dyckman Street on the A train, and 238th Street on the 1 train are the other such stations, with access only to northbound platforms.
  6. ^ a b Edwards, Dick (December 2, 1967). "145th-Lenox Subway Stop To Continue". New York Amsterdam News. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  7. ^ "Tracks of the New York City Subway". Tracks of the New York City Subway. Retrieved October 9, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Harlem/Hamilton Heights" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved December 30, 2016. 
  9. ^ "EAST SIDE SUBWAY OPEN.; Train from 145th Street to Broadway in 9 Minutes and 40 Seconds". The New York Times. 1904-11-23. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-03-27. 
  10. ^ "Service Enhancements on 3 Line" (Press release). MTA New York City Transit. 2008-07-24. Archived from the original on 2014-12-29. Retrieved 2014-12-23. 
  11. ^ National Register of Historic Places
  12. ^ "MTA Will Completely Close 30 Subway Stations For Months-Long "Revamp"". Gothamist. Archived from the original on 2016-08-01. Retrieved 2016-07-18. 
  13. ^ "MTAStations" (PDF). governor.ny.gov. Government of the State of New York. Retrieved 2016-07-18. 
  14. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Authority (January 22, 2018). "NYCT/Bus Committee Meeting" (PDF). p. 135. Retrieved January 19, 2018. 
  15. ^ Barone, Vincent (January 24, 2018). "Controversial cosmetic subway improvement plan falters". am New York. Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  16. ^ Siff, Andrew (January 24, 2018). "MTA Shelves Plan to Modernize Subway Stations Amid Criticism". NBC New York. Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  17. ^ "Foes Hit Gov's Station Fix Plan". NY Daily News. 2018-02-13. Retrieved 2018-02-23. 

External links[edit]