1465 Moroccan revolt

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The 1465 Moroccan revolt refers to a popular revolt by local Sharifs in Fes who overthrew the last Marinid sultan.[1] The revolt marked the end of a 215-year reign (1244–1465). The sharifs formed a jihad, against the last Marinid leader, a Jewish vizir, Aaron ben Batash, appointed by Abu Muhammad Abd Al-Haqq. They subsequently put him to death, cutting his throat. Almost all the Jewish community of Fes were also slaughtered in the revolt.[2] As a result of the troubles in Fes, the Portuguese king Afonso V finally managed to take Tangier.

After the execution of Abd al-Haqq, Muhammad b. Imran, head of the Idrissid shurafas of Fes, was proclaimed Sultan.[3][4] However a "struggle for power ensued between the Idrisi shurafa and the Wattasid mujahids ".[3] He was in turn overthrown in 1472 by the Wattasid Abu Abd Allah al-Sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya, one of the two Wattasid vizirs surviving the 1459 massacre.

Abu Abd Allah continued somewhat unsuccessfully to advocate Marinid policies.[5] The Wattasids were eventually expelled from Morocco by the Saadi sharifs in 1554.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Isichei, Elizabeth Allo (13 April 1997). A History of African Societies to 1870. Cambridge University Press. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-521-45599-2. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  2. ^ Haddad, Heskel M. (1984). Jews of Arab and Islamic countries: history, problems, solutions. Shengold Publishers. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-88400-100-3. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  3. ^ a b Bennison, Amira K. (28 October 2002). Jihad and Its Interpretations in Pre-Colonial Morocco: State-Society Relations During the French Conquest of Algeria. Psychology Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-7007-1693-7. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  4. ^ Herman L. Beck, L'image d'Idrīs II, ses descendants de Fās et la politique sharīfienne des sultans marīnides, 656-869/1258-1465, BRILL 1989, pp.250-255 [1]
  5. ^ "An architectural Investigation of Marinid and Watasid Fes" (PDF). Etheses.whiterose.ac.uk. p. 5. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  6. ^ Overy, R. J. (2007). Complete History of the World. Times Books. p. 373. ISBN 978-0-00-725927-4. Retrieved 23 April 2012.