Year 1474 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. February – The Treaty of Utrecht puts an end to the Anglo-Hanseatic War. March 19 – The Senate of the Republic of Venice enacts the Venetian Patent Statute, one of the earliest patent systems in the world. New and inventive devices, once put into practice, have to be communicated to the Republic to obtain the right to prevent others from using them; this is considered the first modern patent system. July 25 – By signing the Treaty of London, Charles the Bold of Burgundy agrees to support Edward IV of England's planned invasion of France. December 12 – Upon the death of Henry IV of Castile, a civil war ensues between his designated successor Isabella I of Castile, her niece Juana, supported by her husband, Afonso V of Portugal. Isabella wins the civil war after a lengthy struggle, when her husband, the newly crowned Ferdinand II of Aragon, comes to her aid. Marsilio Ficino completes his book Theologia Platonica. Axayacatl defeats the Matlatzinca of the Toluca Valley.

Mehmed the Conqueror plans to invade Moldavia by winter to next year. He will take great defeat in 1475. January 7 – Thihathura II of Ava March 1 – Angela Merici, Italian religious leader and saint May 18 – Isabella d'Este, Marquise of Mantua September 8 – Ludovico Ariosto, Italian poet October 7 – Bernhard III, Margrave of Baden-Baden October 13 – Mariotto Albertinelli, High Renaissance Italian painter of the Florentine school December 24 – Bartolomeo degli Organi, Italian musician date unknown Anacaona, Taino queen and poet Juan Diego, Mexican Catholic saint Giacomo Pacchiarotti, Italian painter Cuthbert Tunstall, English bishop and diplomat Humphrey Kynaston, English highwayman probable Sebastian Cabot, Venetian explorer Edward Guilford, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports of England Stephen Hawes, English poet Sir John Seymour, English courtier Perkin Warbeck, pretender to the throne of England April 30 – Queen Gonghye, Korean royal consort May 4 – Alain de Coëtivy, Catholic cardinal May 11 – John Stanberry, Bishop of Hereford August 26 – James III of Cyprus November – William Canynge, English merchant November 27 – Guillaume Dufay, Flemish composer December 11 – King Henry IV of Castile date unknown Gomes Eannes de Azurara, Portuguese chronicler Antoinette de Maignelais, French royal favorite Gendun Drup, 1st Dalai Lama probable Walter Frye, English composer Jehan de Waurin, French chronicler

Human Torch (android)

Human Torch known as Jim Hammond, is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by writer-artist Carl Burgos, he first appeared in Marvel Comics #1, published by Marvel's predecessor, Timely Comics; the "Human" Torch was an android created by scientist Phineas Horton. He possessed the ability to surround himself with control flames. In his earliest appearances, he was portrayed as a science fiction monstrosity, but became a hero and adopted a secret identity as a police officer for the New York City Police Department; the Human Torch was one of Timely Comics' three signature characters, along with Captain America and Namor the Sub-Mariner. Like many superheroes, the Human Torch fell into obscurity by the 1950s. In 1961, Stan Lee and Jack Kirby repurposed his name and powers for a new character, Johnny Storm, a member of the Fantastic Four. Unlike Captain America and the Sub-Mariner, the original Human Torch has had only a small presence in the post-1950s Marvel comic books and is associated with the Golden Age.

In 2012, Hammond was ranked 28th in IGN's list of "The Top 50 Avengers". Following his debut in the hit Marvel Comics #1, the Human Torch proved popular enough that he soon became one of the first superheroes to headline a solo title. Through the 1940s, the Torch starred or was featured in Marvel Mystery Comics, The Human Torch, Captain America Comics #19, 21–67, 69, 76–77, as well as appearing in several issues of All Select Comics, All Winners Comics, Daring Comics, Mystic Comics, Young Allies Comics. Seeing a natural "fire and water" theme, Timely was responsible for comic books' first major crossover, with a two-issue battle between the Human Torch and the Sub-Mariner that spanned Marvel Mystery Comics #8–9—telling the same story from the two characters' different perspectives. Marvel Mystery Comics ended its run with #92, The Human Torch with #35, as superheroes in general faded in popularity. Timely Comics publisher Martin Goodman—who by the early 1950s had transitioned the company to its next iteration, as Atlas Comics—attempted to revive superheroes with the anthology comic Young Men #24–28, starring the Human Torch, along with the Sub-Mariner and Captain America.

The solo title The Human Torch returned for issues #36–38 before again being canceled. The Torch appeared in stories in the revived Captain America Comics and Sub-Mariner Comics, in the anthology Men's Adventures #28; the original Human Torch debuted in present-day Marvel Comics continuity in Fantastic Four Annual #4. Human Torch appeared as a regular character in the 2010–2013 Secret Avengers series, from issue #23 through its final issue #37. Starting in 2014, the Human Torch began appearing as a main character in the Marvel NOW! relaunch of The Invaders. The Human Torch was an android created by Professor Phineas T. Horton in his lab in Brooklyn, New York for scientific purposes. At a press-conference unveiling, Horton's creation burst into flames when exposed to oxygen; the android showed human-like sentience and awareness, but the spectators feared that he posed a safety threat. Public outcry led to the Torch being sealed in concrete, though he escaped due to a crack that let oxygen seep in.

The Torch inadvertently caused parts of New York City to burn and, after dealing with a mobster who wanted to gain advantage of his abilities for fire insurance, he learned to control his flame, rebelled against his creator, vowed to help humanity. The Torch first encountered and battled Namor the Sub-Mariner, he would join other heroes as war broke out in Europe, in the Pacific, to fight the Axis powers. In his solo title's debut issue, he acquired a young partner, Thomas "Toro" Raymond, the mutant son of two nuclear scientists whose exposure to radiation gave him the ability to control fire; the Human Torch joined the New York City police force as part of his "human cover" under the name James "Jim" Hammond. He would drop the human name and serve the police force outright as the Human Torch, fighting villains and his off-and-on foe, the Sub-Mariner. Both the Torch and the Sub-Mariner joined with Captain America and his partner Bucky as the core of the superhero team the Invaders, fighting Nazis during World War II.

With the Invaders, he battled the Liberty Legion. He gave a blood transfusion to Jacqueline Falsworth, giving her superhuman powers to become Spitfire; the Torch, the Sub-Mariner, Captain America, Bucky banded together with the Whizzer, Miss America in post-war America in a subsequent super-team, the All-Winners Squad. In Marvel continuity, the Human Torch was responsible for the death of Adolf Hitler; when the Russians were invading Berlin, the Torch and Toro broke into Hitler's bunker just as he was about to commit suicide, to offer him the chance to surrender himself to the Americans, rather than the Russians. Hitler opened fire. In return, the Human Torch blasted fire at Hitler. Sometime afterward, the Torch was placed in deactiv

Henry Sakaida

Henry Sakaida was an American writer who authored a number of books relating to World War II. He was a third-generation Japanese-American. Although born in Santa Monica, California in October 1951, he lived in Japan from the age of 3 to 5, before returning to the U. S. In addition, Sakaida attended Rosemead High School and was in class of 1970. Winged Samurai: Saburo Sakai and the Zero Fighter Pilots Pacific Air Combats WWII – Voices From The Past Siege of Rabaul Imperial Japanese Navy Aces Japanese Army Air Force Aces B-29 Hunters of the JAAF Aces of the Rising Sun 1937–1945 Genda's Blade: Japan's Squadron of Aces: 343 Kokutai Heroines of the Soviet Union 1941–45 Heroes of the Soviet Union 1941–45 I-400: Japan's Secret Aircraft Carrying Strike Submarine, Objective Panama Canal Nomonhan 1939: The bloody Soviet-Japanese border war Homepage Henry Sakaida on IMDb