148th Pennsylvania Infantry

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148th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry
148th PA Infantry p712.jpg
The 148th Pennsylvania's regimental monument in the Wheatfield at Gettysburg National Military Park
Active September 8, 1862 – June 1, 1865
Country United States of America
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements Battle of Chancellorsville
Battle of Gettysburg
Bristoe Campaign
Mine Run Campaign
Battle of the Wilderness
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Battle of Totopotomoy Creek
Battle of Cold Harbor
Siege of Petersburg
First Battle of Deep Bottom
Second Battle of Deep Bottom
Second Battle of Ream's Station
Battle of Fort Stedman
Appomattox Campaign
Battle of Sutherland's Station
Battle of Sailor's Creek

The 148th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Service[edit]

The 148th Pennsylvania Infantry was composed of volunteers raised chiefly in Centre County, Pennsylvania, with seven companies hailing from the county. Company C in particular was recruited in the area surrounding the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania (today known as Pennsylvania State University) and included many of the college's students.[1] The regiment was filled out with a company each from Clarion, Jefferson, and Indiana Counties.[2] Once companies were raised, the regiment was organized at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and mustered in for a three-year enlistment on September 8, 1862, under the command of Colonel James Addams Beaver.

Date attached[3] Organization
September 9, 1862 VIII Corps, Middle Department
December 17, 1862 1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps, Army of the Potomac
October 10, 1863 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 25, 1864 4th Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps, Army of the Potomac

The 148th Pennsylvania Infantry mustered out of service on June 1, 1865, near Alexandria, Virginia.

Detailed service[edit]

October 27, 1864—Armed with Spencer repeating rifles, men of Company K, 148th Pennsylvania Volunteers, advance in skirmish line and capture a fort garrisoned by the 46th Virginia Infantry during the Siege of Petersburg, Virginia.[4]

Moved to Cockeysville, Md., September 9–10, 1862, and guard duty on Northern Central Railroad until December 9, 1862. Moved to Falmouth, Va., December 9–18, 1862. Duty at Falmouth, Va., until April 27, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1–5. Gettysburg Campaign June 14-July 24. Skirmish at Haymarket June 25. Battle of Gettysburg, July 1–3. Pursuit of Lee July 5–24. Wapping Heights, Va., July 23. Expedition to Port Conway August 31-September 4. Richardson's Ford September 1. Duty on Orange & Alexandria Railroad and the Rappahannock until October. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13–17. Bristoe Campaign October 9–22. South side of the Rappahannock October 12. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7–8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6–7, 1864. Morton's Ford February 6–7. Duty near Stevensburg until May. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5–7; Spotsylvania May 8–12; Po River May 9–10; Spotsylvania Court House May 12–21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Milford Station May 20. Reconnaissance by the regiment across the North Anna River May 22. North Anna River May 23–26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26–28. Totopotomoy May 28–31. Cold Harbor June 1–12. Before Petersburg June 16–18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 21–23, 1864. Demonstration on north side of the James at Deep Bottom July 27–29. Deep Bottom July 27–28. Mine Explosion, Petersburg. July 30 (reserve). Demonstration north of the James at Deep Bottom August 13–20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14–18. Ream's Station, Weldon Railroad, August 25. Assault on Davidson's Confederate Battery October 27. Front of Forts Morton and Sedgwick October 29. Reconnaissance to Hatcher's Run December 9–10. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5–7, 1865. Watkins' House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Gravelly Run March 29. Boydton Road or Hatcher's Run March 30–31. Crow's House, White Oak Road, March 31. Sutherland Station April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge, Farmville, April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D.C., May 2–12. Grand Review of the Armies May 23.

Casualties[edit]

The regiment lost a total of 397 men during service; 12 officers and 198 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 4 officers and 183 enlisted men died of disease.

Commanders[edit]

  • Colonel James Addams Beaver - wounded in action at the Battle of Chancellorsville
  • Colonel Henry Boyd McKeen (81st Pennsylvania Infantry) - placed in temporary command by Colonel Edward E. Cross (the brigade commander) for the Battle of Gettysburg; Col Beaver was ill and Col Cross believed the regiment's lieutenant colonel was too inexperienced
  • Lieutenant Colonel Robert McFarlane - commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg after Col Cross was mortally wounded on July 2 and Col McKeen assumed command of the brigade
  • Major George A. Fairlamb - commanded the regiment at the Battle of Chancellorsville after Col Beaver was wounded
  • Captain Alfred A. Rhinehart - commanded the regiment at the First Battle of Deep Bottom

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Muffly, The Story of Our Regiment, p. 896
  2. ^ Muffly, The Story of Our Regiment, p. 29
  3. ^ Muffly, The Story of Our Regiment, pp. 23-26
  4. ^ Ray, Fred. Forgotten Heroes of the Skirmish Line: Jerry Z. Brown, November 25, 2006. Retrieved on July 28, 2007.

References[edit]

  • Burr, Frank A. Life and Achievements of James Addams Beaver: Early Life, Military Services and Public Career (Philadelphia, PA: Ferguson Bros. & Co.), 1882.
  • Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
  • Forster, Robert Henry. Pennsylvania Days: Historical Address of Major R. H. Forster, at the Dedication of the Monument of the 148th Penna. Volunteers. Gettysburg, Sept. 11-12, 1889 (Harrisburg, PA: Meyers Print. and Pub. House), 1889.
  • Gayley, Alice Jane. The 148th Pennsylvania Volunteers: The Story of Company I (Butler, PA: Mechling Associates), 1998.
  • Macneal, Douglas. "The Centre County Regiment": Story of the 148th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers (State College, PA: Centre County Historical Society), 2000.
  • Muffly, Joseph Wendel. The Story of Our Regiment: A History of the 148th Pennsylvania Vols. (Des Moines, IA: The Kenyon Printing & Mfg. Co.), 1904.
  • This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co.

External links[edit]