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Scott Strazzante

Scott Strazzante is an American photojournalist at the San Francisco Chronicle. As a member of the Chicago Tribune staff, he co-won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting for a series about faulty government regulation of dangerously defective toys and car seats, he grew up in Chicago and graduated from Ripon College, where he majored in business management and art. He has been published in National Geographic Magazine, Mother Jones Magazine, Sports Illustrated, other publications. Strazzante's Common Ground project has been published in National Geographic and made into a video by MediaStorm, he is a former Illinois Press Photographer Association President and National Press Photographers Association Region 5 Director and Associate Director. Strazzante is a prolific street photographer using his iPhone with Hipstamatic app, he is an eleven-time Illinois Photographer of the Year. He was awarded National Newspaper Photographer of the Year in 2000 and National Newspaper Photographer of the Year runner-up in 2007.

Chicago Tribune Shooting from the Hip blog aphotoaday Interview Chicago Tribune- "New York Remembers 9/11" Scott Strazzante,

Yi Yungao

Yi Yungao known as Wan Ko Yee and His Holiness Dorje Chang Buddha III is a Chinese-American artist, Buddhist religious leader and self-declared third reincarnation of Dorje Chang, a claim not universally accepted and doubted by many Buddhists. He has many wealthy followers in Hong Kong, Taiwan and China. In 1999, he now lives with his family in Pasadena, California. In addition to his Vajradhara claim, Yi says that he is the second reincarnation of Vimalakirti and has performed miracles. In March 2015, "Ink Lotus", a painting by Yi, sold for $16.5 million at public auction. In 2012, two paintings by Yi sold for $230,000 and $330,000. Greg Brown, an art appraiser with an emphasis in Asian art, expressed puzzlement at the sudden increase in value of works by Yi. Greg Brown was quoted by LAist as suggesting. A spokesman for Yi said. In 2011, the International Art Museum of America opened in California, it only featured works by Yi. There is a H. H. Dorje Chang Buddha III Cultural and Art Museum in Covina, whose mission is "to promote the superb accomplishments of an American with outstanding talent, H.

H. Dorje Chang Buddha III, by displaying His achievements in culture, philosophy, science and other fields." He has been praised by several United States politicians, including the late Congressman Tom Lantos and Los Angeles County supervisors Hilda Solis and Michael D. Antonovich. Congresswoman Judy Chu presented a certificate to Yi in the past, but has said that she is "deeply disappointed" that the certificate "given under a different name and different circumstances, is being used to mislead people." In June 2011 former Congressman Lester L. Wolff presented Yi and former Congressman Ben Gilman with the World Peace Prize. According to public records, Yi's followers have spent $120,000 lobbying members of Congress to pass resolutions honoring Yi and his family. In 2008, the International Buddhism Sangha Association paid lobbyist Robin Raphel $10,000 to arrange for Congresswoman Corrine Brown to introduce a resolution recognizing Yi as the "true incarnation of the primordial Buddha"; the Chinese government has said that Yi is wanted to the value of 60.8 million renminbi.

A warrant was issued by Interpol for Yi's arrest, withdrawn in 2008. According to a spokesman for Yi, both people who have accused him of fraud have withdrawn their claims. Peter Schey of the Center for Human Rights & Constitutional Law, who acted as Yi's lawyer, has stated the Chinese government levelled the charges against Yi for political reasons. According to the Chinese government newspaper Global Times, on September 10 2013, police in Changchun, suspended an "illegal" religious gathering of over 100 people whose visiting preacher was affiliated with Yi. Buddhism in the United States Buddhism in the West Dharma from H. H. Dorje Chang Buddha III His Holiness Dorje Chang Buddha III Xuanfa Institute

Rhäzüns Castle

Rhäzüns Castle is a castle near Rhäzüns, Graubünden, Switzerland. Rhäzüns Castle may be one of the oldest castles in Switzerland. In 960 Emperor Otto I traded a church in castello Beneduces et Ruzunnes to the Bishop of Chur and a 976 document by Otto II confirms the trade the existence of the castle. Over the following centuries the fortified church became a feudal castle and in 1139 Arnoldus de Ruzunne appears in the records as a Romansh noble, though the castle is first mentioned in 1282. During the 12th and 13th centuries the Rhäzüns family grew to become one of the most powerful noble families in the region, with Rhäzüns Castle remaining the center of their power. In 1343 they were powerful enough that a peace treaty between Disentis Abbey and Glarus was signed in the courtyard of Rhäzüns. By the 1380s they had acquired land in Domleschg and around Heinzenberg Castle, which brought the counts into conflict with the Bishop of Chur. To protect themselves from the growing power of the bishop, on 14 February 1395, the three main nobles of the region of the Vorderrhein together with delegates from the Court Municipalities in Ilanz created an "eternal alliance" known as the Ober Bund or Upper Alliance.

The decades long conflict between the Bund and the bishop weakened the power of the Rhäzüns family and forced them to join the expanded Grey League in 1424. In 1458 the last member of the family, Georges Brun von Rhäzüns, died childless, starting a conflict between the Counts of Werdenberg-Sargans and the von Zollern. Five years in 1473, the inheritance was settled and the castle as well as the extensive Rhäzüns lands passed to Niclas von Zollern. Over the next centuries, the castle and its strategically important lands traded owners often. In 1473 Conradin von Marmels acquired the castle from the Zollerns, though they retained the right to repurchase it. In 1497 the pro-French Count Trivulzio tried to buy the castle, but was countered by the Habsburgs who acquired it along with membership in the Grey League. Two years during the Swabian War, Three Leagues troops occupied the castle to prevent it from becoming a Habsburg stronghold. However, by 1553 it was a Habsburg fief held by the Counts of Marmels, who added a mill, bath houses, a jail and housing.

In 1553 the round bergfried on the eastern side of the castle had to be demolished because the Hinterrhein river had so undercut the eastern side of the castle and wall that it was threatened with collapse. In 1553 it was acquired by Bartholomäus von Stampa, followed by Johann von Planta in 1558 and Rudolf von Schauenstein in 1573, it went to the Planta-Wildenstein family for about a century. In 1674 the Habsburgs were able to take the castle away from Johann Heinrich von Planta and his Protestant wife and gave it to Johann Travers von Ortenstein. In 1595 the Habsburgs dissolved the hereditary fief and instead just appointed a vogt to oversee the Rhäzüns land. Under the Austrian vogt the castle was expanded with a new chapel on the north side and an outer gatehouse on the south-west. Over the next two centuries the castle was home to a number of Austrian vogts. In 1809, after the end of the War of the Fifth Coalition, Austria was forced to hand over the castle and territory to Napoleon. Austria was able to reclaim Rhäzüns after the War of the Sixth Coalition and the defeat of Napoleon in 1814.

However, the Congress of Vienna gave the castle to the Canton of Graubünden in the following year, it was handed over on 19 January 1819. A few years in 1823, the canton sold the castle to private owners and until 1860 it was the home of the Vieli family, it was home to a school for girls before being abandoned and allowed to fall into disrepair. In the early 20th century it in 1929 became a vacation resort. During World War II tourism dried up and the resort had to be abandoned. In 1960 it was acquired by Ems-Chemie and after the company was acquired by SVP leader Christoph Blocher the castle was rented by Blocher from Ems-Chemie for the rest of his life; the castle is closed to tourists, except for fourth graders from the school in Rhäzüns who have been invited to tour the castle every year for over 30 years. The castle is located on a cliff above the Hinterrhein river near the village of the same name; the original castle site was surrounded by a round ring wall. However, around the 16th century the river had undercut the eastern side of the castle which either collapsed or was demolished.

Today the north and south walls end at the cliff while a newer wall runs along the cliff and forms the eastern wall. The 17th century gatehouse is located in the south-west corner of the wall; the inner gate tower and the northern residential wing were built in the 14th century and still show frescoes of the coat of arms of the Barons as well as a hunting scene. During the 16th century the east wall was added after the destruction of the eastern tower and the rest of the castle was repaired and renovated. Around 1700 the outer gate house was added; the newer residential tract was added in the 16th or 17th centuries. List of castles in Switzerland

Nitzer Ebb

Nitzer Ebb are a British EBM group formed in 1982 by Essex school friends Vaughan "Bon" Harris, Douglas McCarthy, David Gooday. The group released their demo, Basic Pain Procedure in 1983, but it was two years until they met PWL producer Phil Harding, who produced their 1985 debut single "Isn't It Funny How Your Body Works?" and helped them set up their own label, Power Of Voice Communications. The band at the time was inspired by the post-punk scene and acts like "Siouxsie and the Banshees, Killing Joke and Bauhaus who were having a big influence on us, in some ways stylistically but in the energy that they gave", they released three more singles on their own label, "Warsaw Ghetto", "Warsaw Ghetto Remixes" and "Let Your Body Learn", before signing to Mute Records in 1986. The singles "Murderous" and "Let Your Body Learn" followed, building their reputation in the Industrial Rock, Electronic Body Music and Hard Beat scenes, as well as making inroads into the developing Chicago House scene."Join In The Chant" became part of the Balearic beat scene that influenced the UK acid house scene.

Their debut album That Total Age was released in 1987. Depeche Mode, longtime friends and label mates of the band, invited them to open for the European leg of their successful Music For The Masses Tour in 1987. David Gooday left after the tour and they completed their next album Belief as a duo. Mark'Flood' Ellis became their new producer, they recruited Julian Beeston to assist them on their own world tour and he soon became a regular contributor both on and off stage. In 1989, they teamed up with German EBM pioneers Die Krupps to rerecord their 1981 single, "Wahre Arbeit - Wahrer Lohn" as "The Machineries Of Joy"; the third Nitzer Ebb album Showtime, released in 1990, revealed a less confrontational sound. The single "Fun To Be Had" was a hit on the US dance chart, their fourth album, showcased a more considered, orchestrated songwriting style, produced by Alan Wilder from Depeche Mode and Flood. They promoted the album with a global tour, their fifth album Big Hit, featured a greater use of'real' instruments guitars and drums.

McCarthy and Harris recruited a new third member, Jason Payne, to their main line-up, brought in John Napier to assist with live performances. Big Hit was the final release by the band for 15 years. McCarthy was a regular collaborator with Alan Wilder's Recoil project and records with French electronic producer Terence Fixmer as Fixmer/McCarthy. Bon Harris relocated to Los Angeles where he became a successful producer and recorded as 13mg and as a member of Maven. Nitzer Ebb began work on new material in Los Angeles in early 2007, with a retrospective documentary still in the pipeline. During 2007, Nitzer Ebb continued its trend of replacing drummers as Kourtney Klein left the band to be replaced by Jason Payne. A first track, "Once You Say," with Depeche Mode songwriter Martin L. Gore on backing vocals, was played in June 2007 by Dave Clarke in his White Noise show on VPRO's 3 Voor 12; this track, along with "Payroll," were debuted live as Nitzer Ebb played a handful of shows and festivals during 2007.

These tracks are featured on Industrial Complex. McCarthy and Harris reunited up with Jason Payne and producer Flood to finish up the first new Nitzer Ebb record in over a decade. In the meantime, Fixmer/McCarthy released its second album Into the Night; the band announced a US tour for fall–winter 2009 and were selected as the opening act of the January and February European and Russian dates of Depeche Mode's Tour of the Universe in 2010. The single "Murderous" has been sampled by other electronic music acts, such as Information Society and Kode IV. Bon Harris – programming, drums, bass Douglas McCarthy – vocals, guitars Jason Payne – drums David Gooday – vocals, drums Duc Nhan Nguyen – drums Julian Beeston – drums David Lovering – drums John Napier – guitars, percussion Kourtney Klein – drums Saw IV "Payroll" Grand Theft Auto IV "Let Your Body Learn" NCIS "Promises" Saw VI "Never Known" Saw VII "Promises" Castle "Kiss Kiss Bang Bang" Tony Hawk: Ride "Kiss Kiss Bang Bang" The Following "Murderous" Murderous Let Your Body Learn Control I'm Here Hearts and Minds Shame The Machineries Of Joy Lightning Man Fun To Be Had Family Man I Give To You Godhead Ascend Kick It I Thought Muscle and Hate - Nilaihah Records, Official Nitzer Ebb Website Official Douglas J. McCarthy Website Nitzer Ebb discography at MusicBrainz Nitzer Ebb at Discogs Superb collectors site Body of Work Album and 2006 Concert Details "EBM back to NEP"-Party and many more...

SHOUT! Online interview with Nitzer Ebb SHOUT! Online interview with Bon Harris / Nitzer Ebb Interview with David Gooday Pylon Records - Current label of Douglas J. McCarthy and Nitzer Ebb Re-issues

Harvard Computers

The Harvard Observatory, under the direction of Edward Charles Pickering and, following his death in 1919, Annie Jump Cannon had a number of women working as skilled workers to process astronomical data. "The women were challenged to make sense of these patterns by devising a scheme for sorting the stars into categories. Annie Jump Cannon's success at this activity made her famous in her own lifetime, she produced a stellar classification system, still in use today. Antonia Maury discerned in the spectra a way to assess the relative sizes of stars, Henrietta Leavitt showed how the cyclic changes of certain variable stars could serve as distance markers in space."Among these women were Williamina Fleming, Annie Jump Cannon, Henrietta Swan Leavitt, Florence Cushman and Antonia Maury. Although these women started as calculators, they made significant contributions to astronomy, much of which they published in research articles; this staff came to be known as the Harvard Computers. Although Pickering believed that gathering data at astronomical observatories was not the most appropriate work, it seems that several factors contributed to his decision to hire women instead of men.

Among them was the fact that men were paid much more than women, so he could employ more staff with the same budget. This was relevant in a time when the amount of astronomical data was surpassing the capacity of the Observatories to process it. Although some of Pickering's female staff were astronomy graduates, their wages were similar to those of unskilled workers, they earned between 25 and 50 cents per hour, more than a factory worker but less than a clerical one. In describing the dedication and efficiency with which the Harvard Computers, including Florence, undertook this effort, Edward Pickering said, "a loss of one minute in the reduction of each estimate would delay the publication of the entire work by the equivalent of the time of one assistant for two years."The women were tasked with measuring the brightness and color of stars. The work included such tasks as classifying stars by comparing the photographs to known catalogs and reducing the photographs while accounting for things like atmospheric refraction in order to render the clearest possible image.

Fleming herself described the work as "so nearly alike that there will be little to describe outside ordinary routine work of measurement, examination of photographs, of work involved in the reduction of these observations". At times women offered to work at the observatory for free in order to gain experience in a field, difficult to get into. Mary Anna Draper was the widow of Dr. Henry Draper, an astronomer who died before completing his work on the chemical composition of stars, she was involved in her husband's work and wanted to finish his classification of stars after he passed away. Mary Draper realized the task facing her was far too daunting for one person, she had received correspondence from Mr. Pickering, a close friend of hers and her husband's. Pickering offered to help finish her husband's work, encouraged her to publish his findings up to the time of his death. After some deliberation and much consideration, Draper decided in 1886 to donate money and a telescope of her husband's to the Harvard Observatory in order to photograph the spectra of stars.

She had decided this would be the best way to continue her husband's work and erect his legacy in astronomy. She was insistent on funding the memorial project with her own inheritance, as it would carry on her husband's legacy, she was a great friend of Pickering's. In 1900 she funded an expedition to see the total solar eclipse occurring that year. Williamina Fleming had no prior relation to Harvard, as she was a Scottish immigrant working as Pickering's housemaid, her first assignment was to improve an existing catalog of stellar spectra, which lead to her appointment as head of the ‘’Henry Draper Catalogue’’ project. Fleming went on to help develop a classification of stars based on their hydrogen content, as well as play a major role in discovering the strange nature of white dwarf stars. Williamina continued her career in astronomy when she was appointed Harvard's Curator of Astronomical Photographs in 1899 known as Curator of the Photographic Plates, she remained the only woman curator until the 1950s.

Her work led to her becoming the first female American citizen to be elected to the Royal Astronomical Society in 1907. Antonia Maury was the niece of Henry Draper, after recommendation from Mrs. Draper, was hired as a computer, she was a graduate from Vassar College, was tasked with reclassifying some of the stars after the publication of the Henry Draper Catalog. Maury decided to go further and improved and redesigned the system of classification, but had other obligations and left the observatory in 1892 again in 1894, her work was finished with the help of Pickering and the computing staff and was published in 1897. She returned again in 1908 as an associate researcher; some of the first women who were hired to work as computers had familial connections to the Harvard Observatory’s male staff. For instance, Anna Winlock, one of the first of the Harvard Computers, was the daughter of Joseph Winlock, the third director of the observatory and Pickering’s immediate predecessor. Anna Winlock joined the observatory in 1875 to assist in supporting her family after her father's unexpected passing.

She tackled her father's unfinished data analysis, performing the arduous work of mathematically reducing meridian circle observations, which rescued a decade's worth of numbers, left in a useless state. Winlock worked on a stellar cataloging section called the "Cambridge Zone". Working over twenty years on t