14 Field Artillery Regiment

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14 Artillery Regiment
SADF 14 Artillery Regiment emblem.png
14 Artillery Regiment emblem
Active 1962, reformed 1974 to 1990?
Country  South Africa
Allegiance
Branch
Type Regular artillery
Role Field Artillery
Size Regiment
Part of South African Army Artillery Corps
Army Conventional
Garrison/HQ Bethlehem, Potchefstroom
Patron St Barbara
Motto(s) Viso Et Vinco (Seek and Destroy)
Engagements World War II
South African Border War
Battle honours South-West Africa
Artillery Battery Emblems SANDF Artillery Battery emblems
Artillery Beret Bar circa 1992 SANDF Artillery Beret Bar

14 Artillery Regiment was a South African Artillery unit whose name was used twice. It was re-established in Potchefstroom in 1974 and was a full-time unit responsible for the training of Permanent Force and National Service personnel.

History[edit]

The original 14 Field Regiment[edit]

14 Field Regiment was initially formed in Bethlehem in the Orange Free State in 1962 with only one Battery, namely 143 Battery with an intake from Commando Regiments for their basic and individual training on the G1 and G2 guns with additional basic training on smaller weapons such as the 60 and 81mm mortars as well as .50-calibre machine guns. During October 1967, 14 Field Regiment was relocated to Potchefstroom where it was disbanded on 7 November 1967 and its structures incorporated into 4 Artillery Regiment, its operational Battery at Walvis Bay was renamed 43 Battery Walvis Bay.

Rebirth of 14 Field Regiment[edit]

On 13 May 1974 the unit was however reactivated and renamed to 14 Field Artillery Regiment and located outside Potchefstroom in September 1974.

New requirements[edit]

The SADF was interested in the 120mm mortar system and the activation of an airborne artillery battery. There was also an emphasis on obtaining 155mm guns. Gunners from 14 Field Artillery were therefore sent to Israel for training on the Israeli Defense Forces Soltam 120mm Mortar.[1]

Structure[edit]

14 Artillery Regiment comprised the following:

  • A Regimental Headquarters,
  • 141 Battery,
  • 142 Battery,
  • 143 Battery,
  • 2 Medium Battery,
  • 144 Battery (which became the first airborne artillery battery and subsequently allocated to 44 Parachute Brigade) and
  • 32 Locating Battery.

Operations[edit]

14 Artillery Regiment took part in Operation Savannah (Angola) and provided the first troop of 25 pounders. It was involved from then on in most operations of the Border War. 14 Artillery Regiment was organized under 10 Artillery Brigade from 1983 forward for the final operations.

Dress Insignia[edit]

SADF era 14 Field Artillery Regiment insignia

Freedom of the City[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Monick, S. Dr, the Forging of a Strike Force, Scientia Militaria, South African Journal of Military Studies, Vol 23, Nr 3, 1993. http://scientiamilitaria.journals.ac.za