A cappella music is specifically group or solo singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way. It contrasts with cantata, which is usually accompanied singing, the term a cappella was originally intended to differentiate between Renaissance polyphony and Baroque concertato style. The term is used, albeit rarely, as a synonym for alla breve. A cappella music was used in religious music, especially church music as well as anasheed. Gregorian chant is an example of a singing, as is the majority of secular vocal music from the Renaissance. The madrigal, up until its development in the early Baroque into a form, is also usually in a cappella form. Jewish and Christian music were originally a cappella, and this practice has continued in both of these religions as well as in Islam, the polyphony of Christian a cappella music began to develop in Europe around the late 15th century AD, with compositions by Josquin des Prez. The early a cappella polyphonies may have had an accompanying instrument, by the 16th century, a cappella polyphony had further developed, but gradually, the cantata began to take the place of a cappella forms. 16th century a cappella polyphony, nonetheless, continued to influence church composers throughout this period and to the present day. Recent evidence has shown some of the early pieces by Palestrina. Such is seen in the life of Palestrina becoming an influence on Bach. In the Byzantine Rite of the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches, bishop Kallistos Ware says, The service is sung, even though there may be no choir. In the Orthodox Church today, as in the early Church, singing is unaccompanied and this a cappella behavior arises from strict interpretation of Psalms 150, which states, Let every thing that hath breath praise the Lord. Divine Liturgies and Western Rite masses composed by composers such as Peter Tchaikovsky, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Alexander Arkhangelsky. Certain high church services and other events in liturgical churches may be a cappella. Many Mennonites also conduct some or all of their services without instruments, sacred Harp, a type of folk music, is an a cappella style of religious singing with shape notes, usually sung at singing conventions. Opponents of musical instruments in the Christian worship believe that opposition is supported by the Christian scriptures. There is no reference to music in early church worship in the New Testament
East Orange, N.J.
East Orange is a city in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. The city was the states 20th most-populous municipality in 2010, after having been the states 14th most-populous municipality in 2000, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 3.924 square miles, all of it land. East Orange shares borders with Newark to the east and south, South Orange to the southwest, Orange to the west, unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Ampere and Brick Church. East Orange is officially divided into five wards, but is unofficially divided into a number of neighborhoods. The station was named in honor of André-Marie Ampère, a pioneer in electrodynamics, roughly bounded by Bloomfield to the North, Lawton Street & Newark to the east, 4th Avenue to the south, and North Grove Street to the West. Greenwood, So named after Greenwood avenue and the teen streets that run through it and it is often grouped together with Ampere. This area was disturbed by the construction of Interstate 280. The Grove Street Station of the former DL & W Railroad was located here at Grove, roughly bounded by 4th Avenue to the North, North 15th Street/Newark to the East, Eaton Place/NJ Transit Morris & Essex Lines, and North Grove Street to the West. Presidential Estates, Recently designated due to the streets in this area being named after early presidents of the United States. There are many large houses situated on streets lined with very old, roughly Bounded by Bloomfield to the North, Montclair-Boonton Line and North Grove Street to the East, Springdale Avenue to the South and the Garden State Parkway to the West. Elmwood Located in the part of the city. The area holds one of the surviving Carnegie Libraries, the Elmwood Branch of the East Orange Public Library, doddtown, Named after John Dodd who founded and surveyed the area of the Watsessing Plain. The former campus of Upsala College is located here and it was converted into the new East Orange Campus High School on the east side of Prospect Street, and an adjacent new housing subdivision. Roughly bounded by Bloomfield to the North, the Garden State Parkway to the south, Park Avenue to the South, as of the census of 2010, there were 64,270 people,24,945 households, and 14,742 families residing in the city. The population density was 16,377.1 per square mile, there were 28,803 housing units at an average density of 7,339.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 4. 13% White,88. 51% Black or African American,0. 39% Native American,0. 72% Asian,0. 06% Pacific Islander,3. 69% from other races, and 2. 50% from two or more races. [[Hispanic |Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7. 93% of the population,35. 8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the family size was 3.33
Built upon vocal harmony, doo-wop was one of the most mainstream, pop-oriented R&B styles of the time. Doo-wop features vocal harmony, nonsense syllables, a simple beat, sometimes little or no instrumentation. The first record to use the syllables doo-wop was the 1955 hit When You Dance by The Turbans, the term doo-wop first appeared in print in 1961. During the late 1950s many Italian-American groups contributed a significant part in the doo-wop scene, the peak of doo-wop was in 1961. Doo-wops influence continued in soul, pop, and rock groups of the 1960s, at various times in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, the genre has seen revivals. Doo-wop was a precursor to many of the African-American musical styles seen today, an evolution of jazz and blues, doo-wop also influenced many of the major rock and roll groups that defined the later decades of the 20th century. Doo-wop is iconic for its beats and using the off-beat to keep time. Doo-wop laid the foundation for musical innovations, for example. These were generally slow songs in swing time with simple instrumentation, the subject of the lyrics was generally love and relationships. This characteristic harmonic layout was combined with the AABA chorus form typical for Tin Pan Alley pop, a second stream of doo-wop oriented itself to the harmonic, formal and melodic means of jump blues. From the outset, singers gathered on street corners, and in subways, for instance, Count Every Star by The Ravens, includes vocalizations imitating the doomph, doomph plucking of a double bass. This art dates to The Mills Brothers, who first came to fame in the 1930s with their mimicking of instrumental music, radio, gramophone, and cinema inspired imitation in many U. S. cities. The late 1940s and early 1950s brought the bird groups, The Swallows. A number of names are also drawn from cars. The Orioles helped develop the sound with their hits Its Too Soon to Know. The term doo-wop first appeared in print in 1961 in the Chicago Defender, the phrase was attributed to radio disc jockey Gus Gossert but Gossert suggested doo-wop was already in use to categorize the music in California. The first record to use the syllables doo-wop in the refrain was the 1955 hit When You Dance by The Turbans, previously, the scat backing vocal doo-wop is heard in The Clovers 1953 release Good Lovin and in the chorus of Carlyle Dundee & The Dundees 1954 song Never. After some time, the term doo-wop finally caught on as both a description and category for R&B vocal group harmony, the definition expanded backward to include rhythm and blues groups from the mid-1950s, then cascaded even further back to include groups from the 1940s
Robert Bob Eria Telson is an American composer, songwriter, and pianist best known for his work in musical theater and film, for which he has received Tony, Pulitzer, and Academy Award nominations. Robert Eria Telson was born in Cannes, France, in 1949 and he grew up in Brooklyn, New York, son of Paula and David Telson. He began studying piano when he was five years old, by nine had already performed a Mozart piece on television and given a concert of his own compositions. At 14, he wrote 72 love songs for his first girlfriend, at 15 and 16, he studied organ, counterpoint and harmony in France with the teacher Nadia Boulanger. He followed this with a degree in music from Harvard University in 1970, Telson also played organ and composed original songs for a rock band called The Bristols while he was a high school student at Poly Prep in Brooklyn, New York. Several of these were recorded at Decca Studios but never released, at Harvard, he formed another group called Groundspeed, which brought him back to the Decca Studios in 1967 to record a demo recording of his songs L-12 East and In a Dream with producer Dick Jacobs. This was released by the label in 1968, after the demise of Groundspeed, Telson formed the band Revolutionary Music Collective, probably most notable for having Bonnie Raitt singing lead vocals. After graduation from Harvard, Telsons first professional work was as a member of the Philip Glass Ensemble from 1972–1974, after that began his immersion in ethnic world musics, as the pianist of salsa bandleaders Tito Puente and Machito. He was then organist of the gospel group Five Blind Boys of Alabama, newsweek Magazine called it, The best white man’s capturings of the essence of black music since Gershwins Porgy and Bess. d. Lang, Shawn Colvin, Caetano Veloso, Gal Costa, Etta James, Jeff Buckley, according to The New York Times, Mr. Telson has a remarkable talent for relating to musicians from diverse musical cultures and for writing stirring, dramatic music in non-Western European idioms. Telsons latest CD, entitled American Dreamers, released in 2016, is available on iTunes and at bobtelson
Pony Canyon, Inc. also known by the shorthand form Ponycan, is a Japanese company, established on October 1,1966, which publishes music, DVD and VHS videos, movies, and video games. It is a subsidiary of the Japanese media group Fujisankei Communications Group, on October 1,1966, Nippon Broadcasting System, Inc. opened a new record label division, called as Nippon Broadcasting System Service, Inc. in order to produce and market music from Japanese artists. The division formally changed its name in 1970 to Pony, Inc. in order to match the names it had been using previously. These were PONYPak for 8-track cassettes from 1967, and PONY for cassettes from 1968, at this time in 1970 another Japanese record label Canyon Records Inc. was founded. In 1982, Pony ventured into interactive content by producing personal computer software under the name Ponyca. In 1986, Pony signed licensing agreements with A&M Records and in 1989 with Virgin Records to handle both companies, Pony Canyon is also responsible for releasing taped concerts from its artists as well as many anime productions. It is also responsible for deleting most of the videos in YouTube that are licensed by Pony Canyon without any pitch or tempo changes. In addition to Singapore, Pony Canyon has also had a subsidiary in Taiwan, four of five subsidiaries were closed in 1997 due to Asian financial crisis, leaving the Malaysian subsidiary as the only subsidiary to remain in operation. However, the Hong Kong and Korean operations was reestablished as an owned subsidiary. In 2003, the Hong Kong and Taiwan branch of Pony Canyon, as a video game producer, Pony Canyon brought the Ultima series from Origin Systems and the Advanced Dungeons and Dragons series from Strategic Simulations to Nintendos Family Computer. Between 1986 and 1990, they produced remakes of the first four Ultima titles for the MSX2 and these remakes differed from the original versions with re-written game code and all-new graphics. Pony Canyons video game library was released in North America by FCI. Pony Canyon never enjoyed as much success as a producer as it did as a record label. Pony Canyon does not appear to be releasing any more video game titles as it has not released any video games since Virtual View, in 2006, the Fuji Television Network, Inc. became the major share-holder of the company. Pony Canyon is headquartered in Tokyo with offices in Malaysia and South Korea, Pony Canyon also owns the recording label Flight Master. Despite associations with Fuji TV, not all of Pony Canyons TV show, some of their non–Fuji TV catalog includes Doraemon movies. In September 2014, Pony Canyon opened a North American anime distribution label, Ponycan USA and their home video releases will be distributed exclusively by Right Stuf Inc. Below is a selected list of artists signed under the Pony Canyon label