14th Army (People's Republic of China)

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14th Corps (1949-60)
14th Army Corps (1960-85)
14th Army (1985-2017)
Active 1949.2-2017.4
Country China
Part of Southern Theater Command
Garrison/HQ Kunming, Yunan
Engagements Chinese Civil War, 1959 Tibetan uprising, Sino-Vietnamese War

14th Corps[edit]

14th Corps (Chinese: 第14军) was activated on February 14, 1949 basing on 4th Column of Zhongyuan Field Army and defecting Republic of China Army 110th Division. The corps commander was Li Chengfang, political commissar - Lei Rongtian.

The Corps was composed of 40th, 41st and 42nd Divisions.

During the Chinese Civil War, the corps took part in Guangdong Campaign and Xichang Campaign. From March 1950 the corps stationed in Yunnan province until its inactivation.

In 1959, elements from the corps took part in the crackdown on 1959 Tibetan uprising.

14th Army Corps[edit]

In April 1960, the corps was renamed as 14th Army Corps(Chinese: 陆军第14军). By then the corps was composed of:

  • 116th Artillery Regiment
  • 39th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment
  • 40th Army Division
    • 118th Infantry Regiment
    • 119th Infantry Regiment
    • 120th Infantry Regiment
    • 320th Artillery Regiment
  • 41st Army Division
    • 121st Infantry Regiment
    • 122nd Infantry Regiment
    • 123rd Infantry Regiment
    • 321st Artillery Regiment
  • 42nd Army Division
    • 124th Infantry Regiment
    • 125th Infantry Regiment
    • 126th Infantry Regiment
    • 322nd Artillery Regiment

In late 1969, 116th Artillery Regiment and 39th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment were renamed as Artillery Regiment, 14th Army Corps and Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment, 14th Army Corps, respectively.

Shadian Incident[edit]

In July 1975, 14th Army Corps, especially its 42nd Army Division, took part in the crackdown on Shadian incident as the main assault force, during which the PLA killed over 1000 Hui Muslim fighters with a loss of over 120 KIA.

Known units/elements from 14th Army Corps took part in the incident:

  • 124th Infantry Regiment, 42nd Army Division;
  • 126th Infantry Regiment, 42nd Army Division;
  • Reconnaissance Company, 14th Army Corps;
  • Artillery Regiment, 14th Army Corps, which shelled the town of Shadian with 152 mm gun-howitzers;
  • Flamethrower Company, Engineer Battalion, 14th Army Corps.

Sino-Vietnamese War[edit]

In February to March 1979, 14th Army Corps took part in the Sino-Vietnamese War. During the 25-day-long campaign the army corps thrust 48-80 km into the Vietnamese territory, seized the city of Lào Cai and secured the bridgehead across the Red River.

In 1982, Tank Regiment, 14th Army Corps was activated.

In April 1984 the army corps launched the Battle of Laoshan and the Battle of Zheyinshan.

14th Army[edit]

In September 1985 the army corps was reorganized as 14th Army(Chinese: 第14集团军). The army was then composed of:

In September 1992 42nd Infantry Division was disbanded.

In October 1996, 41st Infantry Division was transferred to People's Armed Police's control as 41st Armed Police Mobile Division.

In 1998, Tank Brigade, 14th Army was renamed as Armored Brigade, 14th Army.

In late 2011, Armored Brigade, 14th Army was redesignated as 18th Armored Brigade.

In late 2013, both 31st Infantry Division and 40th Infantry Division were split into two brigades. The army became an "all-brigade" formation.

From 2014 to 2016, the army was composed of:

  • 18th Armored Brigade
  • 31st Mechanized Infantry Brigade
  • 32nd Motorized Infantry Brigade
  • 40th Motorized Infantry Brigade
  • 42nd Mechanized Infantry Brigade
  • Artillery Brigade
  • Anti-Aircraft Brigade
  • 11th Army Aviation Regiment
  • Communications Regiment
  • 17th Engineer Regiment
  • NBC Defense Regiment
  • 86th Pontoon Bridge Regiment.

In April 2017 the army was inactivated. Most of its compositions were inherited by 75th Army.

References[edit]