14th Iranian Majlis

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14th National Consultative Assembly
13th 15th
JurisdictionImperial State of Iran
Meeting placeBaharestan
Term6 March 1944 (1944-03-06) – 12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)
ElectionNovember 1943 and February 1944
National Consultative Assembly
SpeakerMohammad-Sadegh Tabatabaei[1]:269–271
1st Deputy
2nd Deputy
1st2 April 1944 (1944-04-02) – 5 October 1944 (1944-10-05)[1]:270
2nd6 October 1944 (1944-10-06) – 1 April 1945 (1945-04-01)[1]:270
3rd2 April 1945 (1945-04-02) – 4 October 1945 (1945-10-04)[1]:270
4th5 October 1945 (1945-10-05) – 12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)[1]:271

14th Iranian Majlis was commenced on 6 March 1944 and ended on 12 March 1946.[1]:261

In a national history of factionalism, it was the assembly of intense factionalism. As many as seven rival groups labelled fraktions -a term borrowed from the German parliament- in constantly competing with each other, wasted one quarter of the session in obstructionism, and brought persistent instability on the governmental level: during these 24 months, there were seven changes of premiers, nine changes of cabinets, and 110 changes of ministers. The 14th Parliament sat during one of the rare periods in which there was some degree of freedom for political expression.[2]

Fraction members[edit]

Fraction Members Leader
National Unity (Ettehad Melli) 33 Mohammad-Sadegh Tabatabaei
Individuals (Monfaredin) 30 Mohammad Mossadegh
Homeland (Mihan) 24 Hadi Taheri
Independent (Mostaghel) 15 Ali Dashti
Freedom (Azadi) 11 Mohammad Vali Farmanfarmaian
Democrat 8 Mehdi Farrokh
Tudeh 6 Fereydoun Keshavarz
Source: Majlis Research Center[1]:278–279


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k آشنایی با تاریخ مجالس قانونگذاری در ایران دوره اول تا دوره شانزدهم [History of Legislatures in Iran (1285–1328)] (in Persian). Majlis Research Center. 2005 [1384].
  2. ^ Abrahamian, Ervand (1978). "Factionalism in Iran: political groups in the 14th Parliament (1944–46)". Middle Eastern Studies. Taylor & Francis. 14 (1): 23. doi:10.1080/00263207808700364. Retrieved 16 October 2017.