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1505

Year 1505 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. June 6 – The M8.2–8.8 Lo Mustang earthquake strikes Nepal, causing severe damage in Kathmandu, western Nepal, some parts of the Indo-Gangetic plain. June 19 – Zhengde Emperor ascends the throne of Ming dynasty China. June 27 – The future King Henry VIII of England repudiates his engagement to Catherine of Aragon, at his father's command. July 2 – Martin Luther, aged 22, vows to become a monk in a moment of terror, due to a near lightning strike during a thunderstorm, near the village of Stotternheim. July – The Kalmar Bloodbath takes place in Kalmar, Sweden. July 17 – Luther enters the monastic life, at an Augustinian cloister in Erfurt. July 24 – Travelling to India, a group of Portuguese explorers sack the city-state of Kilwa in East Africa, killing the king for failing to pay tribute. November 6 – Vasili III succeeds Ivan III, as Grand Prince of Muscovy. December 18 – John IX van Horne, prince-bishop of Liège, Belgium, is executed.

A Portuguese fleet attacks Kilwa, Mombasa. The Portuguese attempt to monopolize the trade in the east African ports, but are unable to maintain control. Portuguese merchants establish factories on the east coast of Africa. Portuguese explorers under Dom Lourenço d'Almeida reach Colombo on Sri Lanka and send envoys to the King of Kotte. Bermuda is discovered by Spanish explorer Juan de Bermúdez. King Alexander of Poland signs the Nihil novi Act. Poland prohibits peasants from leaving their lands. Christ's College, England, is re-founded, receiving its charter from Lady Margaret Beaufort. Judah Abravanel becomes personal physician to the viceroy of Naples. Battle of Achnashellach in Scotland: The Clan Cameron emerges victorious over several other clans. Watch 1505, the earliest known pocket watch, is made at Germany by Peter Henlein. 1505 – Portuguese explorer Gonçalo Álvares is the first to sight what will be known as Gough Island in the South Atlantic. January 12 – Louis, Count of Stolberg, German nobleman January 13 – Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg, Imperial Elector February 4 – Mikołaj Rej, Polish poet and prose writer and musician of the Renaissance February 5 – Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian March 16 – Francisco Balbi di Correggio March 25 – Elizabeth Grey, Viscountess Lisle, English heiress May 20 – Levinus Lemnius, Dutch writer September 15 – Mary of Hungary, Dutch ruler September 23 – Anne de Laval, Viscountess of Thouars, French noblewoman and nominal pretender to the Kingdom of Naples November 3 – Achilles Gasser, German physician and astrologer November 23 – Ercole Gonzaga, Spanish Catholic cardinal December 18 – Philipp von Hutten, German explorer December 21 – Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton, English politician December 25 – Christine of Saxony, German noble date unknown William Cavendish, English courtier Philip Hoby, English politician Guillaume Morel, French classical scholar Margaret Roper, English writer Shahghali, Khan of Qasim probable – Christopher Tye, English composer and organist February 4 – Jeanne de Valois, French princess, Roman Catholic nun and saint February 19 – Matilda of Hesse, German noblewoman February 20 – Arvid Trolle, Swedish politician March 5 – Philip of Cleves, Bishop of Nevers, Autun March 29 – Sidonie of Bavaria, eldest daughter of Duke Albrecht IV of Bavaria-Munich April 23 – Muhammad Jaunpuri, Indian-born religious leader May 28 – Ascanio Sforza, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal June 8 – Hongzhi Emperor of China June 18 – Osanna of Mantua, Italian Dominican tertiary and blessed June 15 – Ercole I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, Italian politician July – Jacob Obrecht, Flemish composer October 27 – Emperor Ivan III of Russia date unknown Adam of Fulda, German music writer Heinrich Kramer, German churchman and inquisitor

Theogonia (album)

Theogonia is the ninth full-length album by Greek extreme metal band Rotting Christ. It is their first release through Season of Mist, the first to feature guitarist Giorgos Bokos in the line-up; the album includes a special edition DVD with 2005–2006 tour footage of the band in Italy and Brazil. A music video was made for the song "Enuma Elish". In 2007, Theogonia won the Metal Storm award for Best Black Metal Album. All songs written by Sakis Tolis. "Χάος Γένετο" – 3:20 "Keravnos Kivernitos" – 4:41 "Nemecic" – 4:16 "Enuma Elish" – 4:39 "Phobos' Synagogue" – 4:31 "Gaia Tellus" – 4:39 "Rege Diabolicus" – 2:52 "He, the Aethyr" – 4:34 "Helios Hyperion" – 3:50 "Threnody" – 5:19 Sakis Tolis – vocals, keyboards Giorgos Bokos – guitar Andreas Lagiosbass Themis Tolisdrums

Microsoft PowerToys

Microsoft PowerToys is a set of freeware system utilities designed for power users developed by Microsoft for use on the Windows operating system. These programs change features to maximize productivity or add more customization. PowerToys are available for Windows 95, Windows XP, Windows 10. PowerToys for Windows 95 was the first version of Microsoft PowerToys and included 15 tools for power users, it included a system utility for tweaking the more obscure settings in Windows. In most cases, TweakUI exposed settings that were otherwise only accessible by directly modifying Windows Registry. CabView opened cabinet files like ordinary folders. CDAutoPlay madeAutoPlay work on any non-audio CD. Command Prompt Here allowed the user to start a command prompt from any folder in Windows Explorer by right-clicking. Contents Menu allowed Windows users to access folders and files from a context menu without having to open their folders. Desktop Menu allowed users to open items on the desktop from a menu on the Taskbar.

Explore From Here enabled users to open Windows Explorer view from any folder such so that the folder acts as the root level folder. FindX added drag-and-drop capabilities to Find menu. FlexiCD allowed users to play an audio CD from the Taskbar. Quick Res allowed users to change the screen resolution. Round Clock added an analog round clock without a square window. Send To X consisted of Shell extensions which added several accessed locations such as clipboard, command-line or any folder to the Send To context menu in Explorer. Shortcut Target Menu allowed users to access the target file a shortcut is pointing to from the context menu or directly cut, delete the target, create shortcut to the target or view its properties. Telephony Location Selector allowed mobile computer users to change their dialling location from the Taskbar. TweakUI a system utility for tweaking the more obscure settings in Windows Xmouse 1.2 made the window focus follow the mouse without requiring to click the window to make it active.

PowerToys for Windows 95 were developed by the Windows Shell Development Team. Some of the tools work on versions of Windows up to Windows XP, but others may interfere with newer built-in features on Windows 98, ME, XP. After the success of the Windows 95 PowerToys, the Windows Kernel Development Team released another set of tools for power users called Windows 95 Kernel Toys. Six tools were included in this package, including: MS-DOS Mode Configuration Wizard Customization Tool allowed users to configure Windows startup files without having to manually edit CONFIG. SYS or AUTOEXEC. BAT files. Keyboard Remap reassigned functions to keys on the keyboard. Logo Key Control configured MS-DOS games so that Windows would ignore the Windows logo key while games were running. Conventional Memory Tracker unwrapped the memory used by the "vmm32" program. Windows Process Watcher monitored. Time Zone Editor enabled the user to create and edit time zone entries for the Date/Time Control Panel applet. According to Raymond Chen, he wrote all of the Kernel Toys except for the Time Zone Editor, which came from the Windows NT Resource Kit.

PowerToys for Windows XP was the second version of the PowerToys set and brought major changes from the Windows 95 version. The tools in this set were available as separate downloads rather than in a single package; as of November 2009, the following PowerToys for Windows XP were available: Alt-Tab Replacement Task Switcher replaced the simpler Alt-Tab switcher with a more visual one which shows live window previews. CD Slide Show Generator generated a slideshow from photos burned to a CD. ClearType Tuner allowed customizing ClearType settings to make it easier to read text on the screen. Color Control Panel Applet allowed managing color profiles, changing color profile associations for devices, viewing detailed properties for color profiles. HTML Slide Show Wizard generated an HTML slideshow presentation. Image Resizer allowed right-clicking on multiple image files inside Windows Explorer to batch resize them. Open Command Window Here allowed starting a command prompt from any folder in Windows Explorer by right-clicking.

Power Calculator was a more advanced graphical calculator application than the built-in Windows Calculator. Power Calculator could reuse pre-defined functions, of any arity. For example, a function could be set by cube = x * x * x, it could be used in an expression like 5 + cube, it did not evaluate every time. Rather, the entire expression must be entered for calculation. In the Numeric mode, it presented a visual keypad, in all other modes the expression had to be typed in. A scrolling text area maintained a history of all calculations; the advanced view allowed declaring and graphing functions, along with a list of all the saved functions. A flyout window provided the option of choosing either a Cartesian co-ordinate system or polar co-ordinates, it could save a list of variables for use in expression. Unit conversions of the following types were supported: length, time and temperature. PowerToy Calc had support for typing calculations using Reverse Polish Notation, it could calculate up to 500 precision levels beyond the decimal point and supported complex numbers.

RAW Image Thumbnailer and Viewer provided thumbnails, previews and metadata display for RAW images from within Windows Explorer. SyncToy allowed synchronizing folders. Taskbar Magnifier magnified part of the screen from the task