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1507

Year 1507 was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. April 25 – Martin Waldseemüller publishes his Cosmographiae Introductio and accompanying wall map, the first to show the Americas as a separate continent, naming them in honour of Amerigo Vespucci, his friend and idol. July 4 – Martin Luther is ordained a priest of the Catholic Church. August 20 – Guru Nanak Dev becomes the first guru, leader, of the Sikh religion. October – The Portuguese conquers the island of Ormuz in the Persian Gulf; the Timurid Dynasty ends, when Uzbeks under Muhammad Shaybani capture the capital and Emir Badi' al-Zaman Mirza flees. The Portuguese occupy Mozambique, the islands of Socotra and Lamu; the Portuguese founded the town of Stone Town in Mozambique. Cardinal Cisneros is appointed major inquisitor of Castile. King Henry VII of England prosecutes lords for keeping private armies, which might threaten his régime. King James IV grants a patent for the first printing press in Scotland, to Walter Chapman and Andrew Myllar.

Raphael paints The Deposition, among other works. The Aztec New Fire ceremony is held for the last time. January 1 – Anna of Brandenburg, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Güstrow January 14 Catherine of Austria, Queen of Portugal Luca Longhi, Italian painter January 18 – Ferdinando Sanseverino, Prince of Salerno January 25 – Johannes Oporinus, Swiss printer February 11 – Philip II, Metropolitan of Moscow, Russian Orthodox monk February 21 – James, Duke of Rothesay, Scottish prince March 7 – Magdalena of Saxony March 25 – Thomas White, English politician March 29 – Henry II, Duke of Münsterberg-Oels and Count of Glatz April 13 – Konrad Hubert, German theologian and hymnwriter June 5 – Ferdinand of Portugal, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso, Portuguese nobleman June 6 – Annibale Caro, Italian poet and Knight of Malta June 25 – Marie of Baden-Sponheim, duchess consort of Bavaria July 25 – Chamaraja Wodeyar IV, King of Mysore August 2 – William Waldegrave, English Member of Parliament August 15 – George III, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, German prince September 16 – Jiajing Emperor of China September 27 – Guillaume Rondelet, French physician October 1 Johannes Sturm, German educator Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect October 4 – Francis Bigod, British noble October 19 – Viglius, Dutch politician October 26 – Alvise I Mocenigo, Doge of Venice October 29 – Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Spanish general November 25 – Joos de Damhouder, Belgian jurist December 18 – Ōuchi Yoshitaka, Japanese warlord date unknown Bálint Bakfark, Hungarian composer Sir Ralph Sadler, English statesman probable Jacques Arcadelt, Franco-Flemish composer Inés Suárez, Spanish conquistadora possible Anne Boleyn, second queen of Henry VIII of England January 17 – Henry IV of Neuhaus March 12 – Cesare Borgia, Italian general and statesman.

March 21 – Jan Feliks "Szram" Tarnowski, Polish nobleman April 1 – Sigismondo d'Este, Italian nobleman April 2 – Francis of Paola, Italian founder of the Order of the Minims July 5 – Crinitus, Italian humanist July 8 – Anna Notaras, Byzantine noblewoman July 29 – Martin Behaim, German navigator and geographer August 15 – John V, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg August 23 – Jean Molinet, French writer August 24 – Cecily of York, English princess December – Ingeborg Tott, influential Swedish noblewoman, spouse of Swedish regent Sten Sture the elder Date unknown: Agnes Jónsdóttir, Icelandic abbess

Martine GĂ©liot

Martine Géliot was a French classical harpist. Martine Géliot was born into a family of musicians. Martine Géliot was 14 years old when she unanimously received a first prize at the Conservatoire National Supérieur de Paris where she was a student of Pierre Jamet. A brilliant student, she won the first prize at The International Harp Contest in Israel at the age of 16, which opened her the doors of an international career, she will perform in particular with Jean-Pierre Rampal, Yehudi Menuhin, Ravi Shankar, Jean-Jacques Kantorow, Patrick Gallois, Jacques Vandeville, James Galway, as well as with prestigious conductors. Her tours in France and abroad have led her to the most renowned venues, such as the Carnegie Hall in New York city. From 1977, Martine Géliot was harp soloist at the Orchestre National de France. From 1976 to 1981, she played with Jean Dupouy and Thomas Prévost soloists of L'Ensemble de Chambre Français band. At the height of her career, she succumbed to cancer in 1988, at the age of 39 years.

An international harp competition bears her name. Married to Benoît Charvet, jazz musician and composer, she was the mother of Florent and Baptiste Charvet. CD: "Concert en trio", Thomas Prévost, Jean Dupouy and Martine Géliot. Works by Quincy Porter, Arnold Bax, Aubert Lemeland, Jean-Marie Leclair, Claude Debussy. Ed. Quantum CD: "Marcel Tournier, pièces pour harpe". Works by Marcel Tournier Martine Géliot, harp. Ed. Quantum. Ed. Quantum. Vinyl: Pièces pour la harpe: Works by Falla, Fauré, Liszt, Chopin, J. S. Bach, Haendel, Debussy, Rameau. EMI 1976 Vinyl: "Récital de harpe Martine Géliot". Works by Georg-Friederich Haendel, Wilheim-Friederich Bach and Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach. Harmonia Mundi Vinyl: "Récital deux harpes Huguette Géliot et Martine Géliot". Works by J. S. Bach, Dussek, Boïeldieu, Debussy, Lemeland, Boutry. EDIPAR 1980 Vinyl: "Cent ans de mélodies françaises pour la harpe et le chant". Bernard Géliot, Martine Géliot, harp. Works by Franck, Tournier, Fauré, Robert Géliot, Caplet, Debussy. UNIDISC The International Harp Competition Martine Géliot "Jeunes talents" is held every three years in the city of Avon, in France, near Fontainebleau.

The first session took place in 2004 2007, 2010, 2013. The last session was held from 11 to 14 November 2016. Discographie de Martine Géliot et extraits d'enregistrements Concours International de harpe Martine Géliot La Source by Marcel Tournier by Martine Géliot Martine Géliot on aiharpe.org Martine GELIOT, harpe on aiharpe.org Tournier: Féerie on YouTube Hommage à Martine Géliot on Melomania

Dabusun Lake

Dabusun or Dabuxun Lake, alternately known as Dabasun Nor, is a lake beside the town Qarhan, just north of Golmud in the Haixi Prefecture of Qinghai Province in northwestern China. Fed by the main course of the Golmud River, it is the largest present-day lake in the Qarhan Playa. Like the other lakes of the surrounding Qaidam Basin, it is saline, with 307–338 grams of salt per liter of water. Dabusun or Dabasun Nor is a romanization of its Mongolian name, which means "Salt Lake". In Mongolian, the name is sometimes designated to distinguish it from West Dabusun Lake, it is sometimes misspelled Dabsan. It was known as the Dalai Dabasun, meaning "Sea" or "Ocean of Salt". Dabuxun is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese name 達布遜, a transcription into characters of the Mongolian name. Dabusun lies in the Dabusun subbasin in the central Qarhan Playa, it is one of the many saltwater lakes in the endorheic Qaidam Basin, bound by the Qilian Mountains to the north, the Altun to the west, the Kunlun to the south.

Lying at an elevation of 2,675 m above sea level, it has a mean annual temperature of 0.1 °C despite lying on the same latitude as Greece and Virginia in the United States. Dabasun is the largest present lake in the Qarhan Playa, it is fed by the main course of the Golmud River from the south and, to a lesser extent, by mineral springs from the north. In Qaidam's hyperarid climate, there is only 28–40 mm of annual rainfall but about 3,000 mm of annual evaporation, its area is thus variable by season and year 184–334 km2 but increasing in the wetter winter and spring and decreasing through the summer and fall. The lake is elongated, its length is about 30 km east to west, its width is about 4–7.5 km north to south. The maximum depth is 1.72 m, the average depth varies from 0.5 to 1.02 m. Although the northern springs contribute much less volume, their waters carry far greater concentrations of solutes and are important to the chemical composition of the lake. Below, the alternating beds of mud and halite extend at least 40 m in some places.

In addition to common salt, it has an abundance of carnallite in an area of 2 km × 35 km and magnesium sulfate. The known beds are buried by 3 -- 4 m of sedimentation. Paleoclimatologists believe that between 770,000 and 30,000 years ago Dabusun formed part of a much larger Qarhan Lake, which alternated nine times between being a fresh- and saltwater lake. Pollen studies suggest that the area of the lake bed which now underlies Dabusun was raised around 700 m in just the last 500,000 years. Tectonic activity varied sedimentation in the lake by shifting its tributaries and basins, although it remained in the Qarhan Playa during this period. At around 30,000 years ago, this great freshwater lake spread over at least 25,000 km2 with a surface 50–60 m above the present levels of its successors, it was cut off and became saline again around 30,000 years ago and began precipitating salts about 25,000 years ago. It has been shrinking in size by evaporation for most of that time, although it was only about 42 km in circumference in the mid-19th century, when it was visited by the Polono-Russian explorer Przhevalsky.

Until the recent commercial exploitation of the salts and other minerals, the district has remained unpopulated, as the salt deposits made it difficult for the nomads of northwestern China to use the area for their herds. The area's potassium deposits were accidentally discovered in 1957 and exploratory wells found the Yanhu Gas Field north of the lake the next year; the lake lies just west of the G3011 Liuge Expressway. It is serviced by the Dabusun and Qarhan railway stations on the Qingzang Railway. Salt in Chinese history List of lakes and saltwater lakes of China 《达布逊盐湖》 at Baidu Baike