SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

1509

Year 1509 was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. February 3 – Battle of Diu: The Portuguese defeat a coalition of Indians and Italians. April 21 – Henry VIII becomes King of England on the death of his father, Henry VII. April 27 – Pope Julius II places Venice under interdict and excommunication, for refusing to cede part of Romagna to papal control. May 14 – Battle of Agnadello: French forces defeat the Venetians. June 11 Henry VIII of England marries Catherine of Aragon. Luca Pacioli's De divina proportione, concerning the golden ratio, is published in Venice, with illustrations by Leonardo da Vinci. June 19 – Brasenose College, Oxford is founded by a lawyer, Sir Richard Sutton, of Prestbury and the Bishop of Lincoln, William Smyth. June 24 – King Henry VIII of England and Queen Consort Catherine of Aragon are crowned. July 26 – Krishnadevaraya ascends the throne of the Vijayanagara Empire. September 10 – The Constantinople earthquake destroys 109 mosques and kills an estimated 10,000 people.

September 11 – Portuguese fidalgo Diogo Lopes de Sequeira becomes the first European to reach Malacca, having crossed the Gulf of Bengal. November 4 – Afonso de Albuquerque becomes the governor of the Portuguese settlements in India. Erasmus writes his most famous work, In Praise of Folly. St Paul's School, London is founded by Dean of St Paul's Cathedral. Royal Grammar School, England, is founded under the will of Robert Beckingham. Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, England, is founded as a grammar school for boys. January 1 – Guillaume Le Testu, French privateer January 2 – Henry of Stolberg, German nobleman January 3 – Gian Girolamo Albani, Italian Catholic cardinal January 25 – Giovanni Morone, Italian Catholic cardinal February 2 – John of Leiden, Dutch Anabaptist leader February 10 – Vidus Vidius, Italian surgeon and anatomist March 27 – Wolrad II, Count of Waldeck April 23 – Afonso of Portugal, Roman Catholic cardinal July 4 – Magnus III of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Lutheran bishop of the Prince-Bishopric of Schwerin July 10 – John Calvin, French religious reformer July 25 – Philip II, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken, German noble August 3 – Étienne Dolet, French scholar and printer August 7 – Joachim I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, German prince August 25 – Ippolito II d'Este, Italian cardinal and statesman October 20 – Arthur Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, Scottish prince November 4 – John, Duke of Münsterberg-Oels and Count of Glatz date unknown John Erskine of Dun, Scottish religious reformer Stanisław Odrowąż, Polish noble Anneke Esaiasdochter, Dutch Anabaptist Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, Spanish conquistador Bernardino Telesio, Italian philosopher and natural scientist Kamran Mirza, Mughal prince January – Adam Kraft and architect January 27 – John I, Count Palatine of Simmern March 14 – Giovanni Antonio Sangiorgio, Italian cardinal April 21 – King Henry VII of England April 27 – Margaret of Brandenburg, abbess of the Poor Clares monastery at Hof May 28 – Caterina Sforza and regent of Forli June 29 – Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby, mother of Henry VII of England July 11 – William II, Landgrave of Hesse July 16 ansesters Joao da Nova, Portuguese explorer Mikalojus Radvila the Old, Lithuanian nobleman December 1 – Lê Uy Mục, 8th king of the Lê Dynasty of Vietnam date unknown Hans Seyffer, German sculptor and woodcarver Shen Zhou, Chinese painter Eleanor de Poitiers, Burgundian courter and writer Viranarasimha Raya, ruler of the Vijayanagar Empire

Erkki

Erkki is a Finnish and Estonian given name. Notable people with the name include: Erkki Aaltonen, Finnish composer Erkki Ala-Könni, Finnish ethnomusicologist Erkki Bahovski, Estonian journalist Erkki Ertama, Finnish composer and conductor Erkki Hartikainen, Finnish atheist activist and educator Erkki Haukipuro, Finnish politician Erkki Hautamäki, Finnish military major and historian Erkki Junkkarinen, Finnish singer Erkki Kaila, Finnish Lutheran Archbishop of Turku and politician Erkki Karu, Finnish film director and producer Erkki Kataja, Finnish track and field athlete and Olympic medalist Erkki Kerttula, Finnish fencer and Olympic competitor Erkki Kilpinen, Finnish nordic combined skier and Olympic competitor Erkki Kohvakka, Finnish orienteering competitor Erkki Kokkonen, Finnish film director Erkki Koiso, Finnish ice hockey player Erkki Korhonen, Finnish pianist and former director of the Finnish National Opera Erkki Koskinen, Finnish cyclist and Olympic competitor Erkki Kourula, Finnish judge of the International Criminal Court Erkki Kurenniemi, one of the most important characters in the history of Finnish electronic music Erkki Laine, Finnish ice hockey player and Olympic medalist Erkki Lehtonen, Finnish ice hockey player and Olympic medalist Erkki Leikola, Finnish politician Erkki Liikanen, Chairman of the Board of the Bank of Finland Erkki Lill and curling coach Erkki Mallenius, Finnish boxer and Olympic medalist Erkki Melartin, Finnish composer Erkki Miinala, Finnish goalball player and Olympic medalist Erkki Nghimtina, Namibian politician Erkki Niemi, Finnish high jumper and Olympic competitor Erkki Nordberg, Finnish military colonel and historian Erkki Oja, Finnish computer scientist Erkki Pakkanen, Finnish boxer and Olympic medalist Erkki Peltonen, Finnish politician Erkki Penttilä, Finnish wrestler and Olympic medalist Erkki Pohjanheimo, Finnish television producer and director Erkki Pukka, Finnish ski-jumper Erkki Pulliainen, Finnish politician Erkki Pystynen, Finnish politician Erkki Raappana, commander of the 14th Division of the Finnish Army Erkki Räikkönen, Finnish nationalist leader Erkki Rajamäki, Finnish ice-hockey player Erkki Rapo, Finnish amateur autograph collector Erkki Ruoslahti, Finnish physician and cancer researcher Erkki Ruuhinen, Finnish graphic designer and artist Erkki Salmenhaara, Finnish composer and musicologist Erkki Savolainen, Finnish boxer and Olympic competitor Erkki Toivanen, Finnish journalist and news presenter Erkki Tuomioja, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Finland Erkki-Sven Tüür, Estonian composer Erkki Virtanen, Finnish politician

George Gulliver

George Gulliver, was an English anatomist and physiologist. Gulliver was born at Banbury, Oxfordshire, on 4 June 1804, after an apprenticeship with local surgeons entered at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, where he became prosector to Abernethy and dresser to Lawrence. Becoming a Member of the Royal College of Surgeons in June 1826 he was gazetted hospital assistant to the forces in May 1827, afterwards became surgeon to the Royal Horse Guards, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1838, Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1843, in 1852 a member of the council of the latter body. In 1861 he was Hunterian professor of comparative anatomy and physiology, in 1863 delivered the Hunterian oration, in which he put forward the neglected claims of William Hewson and John Quekett as discoverers. For some years before his death he had retired from the army, devoted himself to research and writing, but became enfeebled by gout. Many of his papers were written when he was confined to his bed.

He died at Canterbury on 17 November 1882, leaving one son, assistant physician to St. Thomas' Hospital. Gulliver wrote no systematic work, although he edited an English translation of Gerber's General and Minute Anatomy of Man and the Mammalia in 1842, besides numerous notes, an appendix giving an account of his own researches on the blood, lymph, &c. In 1846 he edited for the Sydenham Society The Works of William Hewson, F. R. S. with copious notes and a biography of Hewson. He supplied notes to Rudolph Wagner's Physiology, translated by Dr. Willis, his Hunterian lectures on the "Blood and Chyle of Vertebrates" were published in the Medical Times and Gazette from 2 August 1862 to 13 June 1863. Most of his work is scattered through various periodicals. Gulliver was the first to give extensive tables of measurements and full observations on the shape and structure of the red blood-corpuscles in man and many vertebrates, resulting in several interesting discoveries. In some points he corrected the prevailing views adopted from John Hunter as to the coagulation of the blood, at the same time confirming other views of Hunter.

His work in connection with the formation and repair of bone had considerable significance. To pathology he rendered important services, showing the prevalence of cholesterine and fatty degeneration in several organs and morbid products, the significance of the softening of clots of fibrin, some of the characteristics of tubercle. In botany Gulliver did original work, proving the important varieties of character in raphides and some tissues, their taxonomic value; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Gulliver, George". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900