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Steen Ottesen Brahe (1547–1620)

Steen Ottesen Brahe was a Danish pricy counsellor and landowner. Brahe was born on 21 December 1547 at Gladsaxehus in Scania, the son of Otte Thygesen Brahe of Knudstrup and Beate Clausdatter Bille, He was the younger brother of Tycho Brahe, he went to school in Aarhus and Aalborg and was trained in court life in Jensen Rosensparr'e household. He visited count Günther of Schwarzburg and followed him to Denmark and Hungary, he was a major landowner. He inherited half of Knudstrup after his father and bought the other half from his brother in 1594, he acquired a house in Copenhagen through the marriage with his first wife. He constructed a new main building in 1585 but abandoned the house after she died in labour shortly after its completion, his second wife brought Bradskov into the marriage. He carried out a comprehensive rebuilding of the main building at Barritskov, In 1581, he purchased Bregentved, he inherited Tersløsegaard on Zealand, Hvedholm on Funen and Engelsholm in Jutland. Brahe married three times.

Huis first wife was a daughter of Otte Rosenkrantz and Ide Gjøe. They married on 18. September 1575 and she bore him seven children: His second wife was Kirstine Holck, a daughter of Hans Holck and Margrethe Rotfeldt and the widow of Hans Krafse til Egholm, they were married on 6. September 1590 and she bore him two children: His children included Otte Steensen Brahe of til Næsbyholm, Jørgen Steensen Brahe of Hvedholm and Tyge Brahe, he died in 1620 at Kalundborg Castle and was buried at Kågerød Church in Scania

2/3rd Battalion (Australia)

The 2/3rd Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army. Raised for service during the Second World War as part of the Second Australian Imperial Force, it was formed in October 1939 in Sydney and was attached to the 16th Brigade, 6th Division, the first formation raised as part of the 2nd AIF during the war. Deploying to the Middle East in early 1940, it saw action in North Africa, Greece and Syria in 1941–1942 before returning to Australia following Japan's entry into the war, was one of only two Australian infantry battalions to fight against all the major Axis powers of the war: the Germans, Italians and Vichy French. In 1942–1943, the battalion took part in fighting along the Kokoda Track before returning to Australia where it spent over a year training and being rebuilt. In December 1944, the 2/3rd returned to New Guinea to take part in the Aitape–Wewak campaign and remained there until the war ended. Following the end of hostilities, the battalion was disbanded on 8 February 1946 in Brisbane.

The battalion's battle honours are perpetuated by the Royal New South Wales Regiment. Upon the outbreak of the Second World War the Australian government decided to raise an all-volunteer force for service overseas, due to the provisions of the Defence Act which restricted the deployment of the part-time Militia to only those areas considered to be Australian territory; this force was known as the Second Australian Imperial Force, the 6th Division was the first to be raised. As a unit of this formation, the 2/3rd Battalion was formed at Victoria Barracks, Sydney, on 24 October 1939. Along with the 2/1st, 2/2nd and 2/4th Battalions, the 2/3rd was assigned to the 16th Brigade. Although the infantry battalions of the 6th Division adopted the Australian battalion structure of two rifle companies, a support company, a light machine gun platoon and an administrative headquarters, they soon switched to the British structure with four rifle companies – each consisting of three platoons with three sections – and a headquarters company consisting of signals, pioneer, anti-aircraft, transport and mortar platoons.

The battalion's first commanding officer was Lieutenant Colonel Vivian England, an officer who had fought in the First World War and had continued to serve in the Militia after the war, commanding the 55th Battalion. Personnel for the battalion were raised from an area around New South Wales, known by the Aboriginal name of "The Werriwa"; this area is bounded by a line from Sydney to Bega in the south, from Bega, west to the Snowy Mountains, Canberra, Yass north to Sydney through the Goulburn and Liverpool areas. The men were enlisted from 20 October onwards, by 3 November 1939 the battalion was formed; the colours chosen for the Unit Colour Patch were the same as those of the 3rd Battalion, a unit which had served during the First World War before being raised as a Militia formation in 1921. These colours were chocolate over green, in a horizontal rectangle, although a 3 mm border of gray was added to the UCP to distinguish the battalion from its Militia counterpart, which would go on to serve with distinction during the war.

Following a brief period of training at Liverpool and Ingleburn, the battalion took part in a farewell march through Sydney. The Sydney Morning Herald of 4 January 1940 gave an account of their farewell march: "The long khaki columns thrilled the hearts of Sydney as it had not been so moved for a quarter of a century since that still, spring day in 1914 when the first A. I. F. Marched through the same streets on its way to Anzac and imperishable glory. Afterwards, the battalion sailed in the first troop convoy to leave Australia on 10 January 1940, embarking upon the transport Orcades, they disembarked at El Kantara on the Suez Canal on 14 February 1940, from there they were trucked to their camp at Julis in Palestine, where they undertook further training. The first engagement that Australian troops were involved in during the Second World War came at Bardia, a major Italian military outpost in the north of Libya; the 16th Brigade broke through Bardia's western defensive perimeter at dawn on 3 January 1941, when the 2/1st Battalion breached the wire defences and swung left before advancing.

The 2/2nd Battalion followed suit, swinging to the right, the 2/3rd moved straight through the breach. Late in the day, a counter-attack by Italian tanks threatened the 2/3rd Battalion's headquarters, until a hastily organised defensive action led by the commanding officer, a platoon of anti-tank guns restored the situation. Meanwhile, the 17th Brigade led a diversion to the south. Although the 16th Brigade was able to capture Bardia in the late afternoon of 4 January, resistance continued, fighting did not cease until the next morning. Over 40,000 Italians were captured along with significant amounts of equipment and material – including food and ammunition –, in short supply. A significant amount of alcohol was captured by the Australians in Italian dugouts inside the 2/3rd's position around Wadi-el-Ghereida. During this period, the 2/3rd lost 56 men killed or wounded. After this, the Allied forces advanced to the fortified naval outpost of Tobruk; the 6th Division attacked the perimeter defences early on 21 January, following a week of continuous bombardment from both land and sea.

The 2/3rd Battalion was tasked with breaching the outer Italian defences for the 2/1st Battalion to pass through. Following the initial breakthrough, the 2/3rd advanced west along the inner ring of defences, attacking a number of Italian posts as they went. Tobruk fell the next day, with the Italians surrendering to Brigadier Horace Robertson, the commander of the 19th Brigade