1514 in science
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- June 13 – Henry Grace à Dieu, at over 1,000 tons the largest warship in the world at this time, built at the new Woolwich Dockyard in England, is dedicated.
- The following are established at the Cortile del Belvedere in the Apostolic Palace in Rome under the patronage of Pope Leo X:
- Johannes Werner publishes his translation of Ptolemy's Geography, Nova Translatio Primi Libri Geographicae Cl. Ptolomaei, containing the Werner map projection and proposing use of the cross-staff for marine navigation.
- February 16 – Georg Joachim Rheticus, cartographer and scientific instrument maker (died 1574)
- December 31 – Vesalius, Flemish anatomist "the father of modern anatomy" (died 1564)
- Francisco Hernández de Toledo, physician and botanist (died 1587)
- November 28 – Hartmann Schedel, cartographer (born 1440)
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 139–142. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Paine, Lincoln P. (1997). Ships of the World: an Historical Encyclopedia. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-85177-739-2.
- May, William Edward (1973). A History of Marine Navigation. Henley: Foulis. ISBN 978-0-85429-143-4.