1516 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1516.
- March 1 – Desiderius Erasmus publishes a new Greek translation of the New Testament, Novum Instrumentum omne, in Basel. This year Erasmus also writes The Education of a Christian Prince although it is not published until 1532.
- About December – Thomas More's Utopia, combining fiction and political philosophy and completed this year, is published in Leuven (in Latin).
- Samuel Nedivot prints the 14th century Hebrew Sefer Abudirham in Fez, the first book printed in Africa.
- Paolo Ricci translates the 13th century Kabbalistic work Sha'are Orah by Joseph ben Abraham Gikatilla as Portae Lucis.
- Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa
- Dialogus de homine (published in Casale)
- De triplici ratione cognoscendi Deum
- Erasmus – Novum Instrumentum omne
- Robert Fabyan (anonymous; died c. 1512) – The New Chronicles of England and France (published by Richard Pynson in London)
- Marsilio Ficino – De triplici vita
- Thomas More – Utopia
- Andre Pauernfeindt – Ergründung der ritterlichen kunst des fechtens durch freyfechter czu Vienn (Foundation of the knightly art of combat by the fencing guild of Vienna)
- Ludovico Ariosto – Orlando Furioso (first version, April)
- Baptista Mantuanus (published in France)
- De sacris diebus (published in Lyon)
- March 26 – Conrad Gessner, Swiss naturalist, bibliographer and poet (died 1565)
- April 23 – Georg Fabricius, Saxon historian, classical archaeologist and epigrapher and poet (died 1571)
- December 21 – Giuseppe Leggiadri Gallani, Parmese-born poet and dramatist (died c. 1590)