151st (Durham Light Infantry) Brigade

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Durham Light Infantry Brigade
151st (Durham Light Infantry) Brigadee
Active 1902–1919
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg Territorial Army
Type Infantry
Size Brigade
Part of 50th (Northumbrian) Division
Engagements Second Battle of Ypres
Battle of the Somme
Battle of Arras
German Spring Offensive
Battle of the Lys
Third Battle of the Aisne
Hundred Days Offensive

The Durham Light Infantry Brigade was formed in 1902 to command the part-time Volunteer battalions of the Durham Light Infantry (DLI). Previously these had been in a combined Tyne and Tees Brigade with battalions of the Northumberland Fusiliers.[1] It consisted of the 1st–4th Volunteer Battalions of the DLI (the 5th VB had remained in the Tyne Brigade), which were renumbered as the 5th–8th Battalions when the Volunteers were subsumed into the Territorial Force (TF) under the Haldane Reforms of 1908.[2][3] Consisting of 6th–9th Battalions (the 5th Bn joined the York and Durham Brigade), it became part of the TF's Northumbrian Division. During World War I it was numbered as the 151st (Durham Light Infantry) Brigade on 14 May 1915, when the division became the 50th (Northumbrian) Division.[4] The TF also raised 2nd Line units and formations, and the 190th (2nd Durham Light Infantry) Brigade was formed in 63rd (2nd Northumbrian) Division. The 1st Line battalions adopted the prefix '1/'[5]

Order of Battle[edit]

The brigade's composition during World War I was as follows:[4][6][7]

After the Third Battle of the Aisne, the 50th Division was reduced to training cadres. The 151st Brigade was then reconstituted with battalions withdrawn from Salonika, giving it the following composition:[4][6][7]

After the Armistice with Germany, 50th Division was disbanded in France on 19 March 1919. The old Northumbrian Division was reconstituted in April 1920.[4]

Actions[edit]

The brigade fought in the following actions during World War I:[4][6][7][8]

Commanders[edit]

The following officers commanded the brigade during World War I:[4][9]

  • Col (Brig-Gen from 5 August 1914) J.W. Sears, appointed 30 March 1913, till 16 December 1914
  • Brig-Gen H. Martin, till 4 July 1915
  • Brig-Gen J.S.M. Shea, till 17 May 1916
  • Brig-Gen P.T. Westmorland, till 6 September 1916
  • Brig-Gen N.J.G. Cameron, till 20 October 1917
  • Brig-Gen C.T. Martin, killed 27 May 1918
  • Lt-Col F. Walton, acting
  • Brig-Gen R.E. Sugden, from 7 June 1918

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Army List, various dates.
  2. ^ Dunlop, Chapter 14.
  3. ^ Spiers, Chapter 10.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Becke, Pt 2a, pp. 93–100.
  5. ^ Becke, Pt 2b, pp. 49–54.
  6. ^ a b c 50th Division at Long, Long Trail.
  7. ^ a b c 50th Division at Regimental Warpath.
  8. ^ Wyrall, Appendix A.
  9. ^ Wyrall, Appendix B.

References[edit]

  • Maj A.F. Becke,History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions, Part 2a: The Territorial Force Mounted Divisions and the 1st-Line Territorial Force Divisions (42–56), London: HM Stationery Office, 1935/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2007, ISBN 1-847347-39-8.
  • Maj A.F. Becke,History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions, Part 2b: The 2nd-Line Territorial Force Divisions (57th–69th), with the Home-Service Divisions (71st–73rd) and 74th and 75th Divisions, London: HM Stationery Office, 1937/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2007, ISBN 1-847347-39-8.
  • Col John K. Dunlop, The Development of the British Army 1899–1914, London: Methuen, 1938.
  • Edward M. Spiers, The Army and Society 1815–1914, London: Longmans, 1980, ISBN 0-582-48565-7.
  • Everard Wyrall, The Fiftieth Division 1914–1919, 1939/Uckfield: Naval & Military, nd, ISBN 1-84342-206-9.

External sources[edit]