152 mm /55 Italian naval gun Models 1934 and 1936

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152 mm /55 Model 1934-1936
Type Naval gun
Place of origin Italy
Service history
In service 1934-1953
Used by Italy
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer Ansaldo
Designed 1934
Manufacturer Ansaldo
OTO Melara
Produced 1934-1936
Specifications
Weight 8.9 metric tons
Length 8.84 meters (29 ft 0 in)
Barrel length 8.38 meters (27 ft 6 in) 55 caliber

Shell weight 50 kilograms (110 lb)
Caliber 152 millimeters (6.0 in)
Breech Horizontal sliding breech block
Elevation -5° to +45°
Traverse -120° to +120°[1]
Rate of fire 4-5 rpm
Muzzle velocity 910 m/s (3,000 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 25.7 kilometres (16.0 mi) at +45°[2]

The 152 mm /55 Model 1934–1936 were built for the Italian Navy in the years before World War II. These guns were used on the Duca degli Abruzzi-class Light cruisers, which were the final series of the Condottieri-class cruisers as their primary armament and as secondary armament on the Littorio-class battleships.

Construction[edit]

The Model 1934 was designed and manufactured by Ansaldo, while the Model 1936 was manufactured by OTO Melara, the Model 1934's made by Ansaldo were of monobloc construction with a horizontal sliding breech block, while the Model 1936's made by OTO Melara were constructed of two tubes, a loose liner and a horizontal sliding breech block. Both models fired the same quick firing separate loading ammunition, the gun mounts had electrically powered training, elevation and hoists. There were telescopic pneumatic rammers and each gun had a separate cradle. Loading was at any angle up to +20° for both the twin and triple mounts.[3] These guns were considered a significant improvement over the earlier 152 mm /53 Models 1926 and 1929 guns in that they had a lower muzzle velocity, were more widely spaced in the turrets and had separate gun cradles. Dispersion was still a problem, but the problem wasn't inherent flaws in the guns or their mounts. Instead poor shell aerodynamics and poor ammunition quality control was at fault.[1]

Naval Service[edit]

Ansaldo Model 1934 guns were mounted triple wing turrets on the Littorio, and in triple and twin superfiring turrets forward and aft on the Duca degli Abruzzi-class. OTO Melara Model 1936 guns were mounted in triple wing turrets in the Vittorio Veneto and Roma.

Ammunition[edit]

Ammunition was of quick fire separate loading type, the AP projectile was 63 centimetres (2.07 ft) long with a cartridge case and a bagged charge which weighed 16.35 kilograms (36.0 lb).

The gun was able to fire:

See also[edit]

Weapons of comparable role, performance and era[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c DiGiulian, Tony. "152 mm/55 (6") Models 1926 and 1929 - NavWeaps". navweaps.com. 
  2. ^ Campbell, Naval Weapons of WWII, p.331-332.
  3. ^ Campbell, Naval Weapons of WWII, p.331-332.

References[edit]