152nd Infantry Regiment (United States)

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152nd Infantry Regiment
152CavalryRegimentCoatOfArms.jpg
Coat of arms
Active 1864-1865
1917-1919
1941-1945
1959-Current
Country  United States
Branch  United States Army
Seal of the United States National Guard.svg United States National Guard
Type Light Infantry
Part of 76th Infantry Brigade Combat Team
38th Infantry Division (United States)
Engagements American Civil War[1]
World War I
World War II
Iraq War
Website http://in.ng.mil
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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151st Infantry Regiment 153rd Infantry Regiment

The 152nd Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment in the Indiana Army National Guard, part the 76th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (United States).

History[edit]

American Civil War[edit]

In 1864, eleven infantry regiments were ordered to muster for one year of service in the American Civil War. Under that call, the 152nd Infantry Regiment mustered in Indianapolis, Indiana under the command of Colonel Whedon W. Griswold, the 152nd recruited in the 9th, 10th and 11th Congressional districts and raised 988 soldiers.[1]

The regiment left Indiana on March 18th for Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia where it was assigned to the Army of the Shenandoah, the regiment was stationed in Charles Town, Stephenson's Station and Summit Point, later moving to Clarksburg, West Virginia.[1]

The regiment mustered out on Aug. 30, 1865.[1]

World War One[edit]

The 2nd Infantry, Indiana National Guard, was called into federal service 25 March 1917; and mustered into federal service 20 April 1917 at Jeffersonville. Drafted into federal service 5 August 1917.[2]

Reorganized and redesignated 1 October 1917 as the 152d Infantry and assigned to the 38th Division.

Demobilized 8 March 1919 at Camp Zachary Taylor, Kentucky.

Consolidated in 1921 with the 137th Field Artillery (organized in 1846); consolidated unit reorganize in the Indiana National Guard as the 152d Infantry and assigned in the 38th Division; Headquarters federally recognized 15 November 1921 at Indianapolis.

World War Two[edit]

Formation[edit]

Inducted into federal service 17 January 1941 as an element of the 38th Infantry Division, the 152nd Infantry Regiment conducted basic training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi with additional training at Camp Carrabelle, Florida, Camp Livingston, Louisiana and Hawaii.[3]

Bataan peninsula on the island of Luzon, Philippines.

Battle of Baatan (1945)[edit]

Background[edit]

In January 1942, the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy invaded Luzon, the largest island in the Philippines. Shortly after the invasion, General Douglas MacArthur consolidated all his Luzon-based units on to he Bataan peninsula in an effort to make a last stand and delay the Japanese invasion of the rest Asia Pacific, after nearly three months of fighting, more than 10,000 American and Filipino forces were killed and 76,000 were imprisoned. The captured prisoners were then forcibly marched more than 60 miles through the jungle to various POW camps in an event known as the Bataan Death March. Deaths from the march range from 5,650 and 18,000.[4][5]

The Recapture of Bataan[edit]

In January 1945, the 38th, 34th and 24th Infantry Divisions were ordered to clear Japanese forces from the Bataan peninsula.[6]

The 34th Infantry Division reinforced the front lines held by Filipino guerrilla fighters at the northern base of the Bataan peninsula, allowing the 149th, 151st and 152nd Infantry Regiments to move south and east into the peninsula.

On February 1, the 152nd Infantry Regiment approached Japanese strong-points at "Horseshoe Bend." After two days of heavy fighting, resulting in high casualties for the regiment, all eastward progress had stopped.

The 34th Regimental Combat Team then reinforced the 152nd Infantry and after more than two weeks of hard fighting the 149th, 152nd Infantry Regiments finally linked up clearing the peninsula of Japanese forces.

The recapture of the Bataan peninsula enabled American forces full use of Manila Bay and its world-class deep water port, this development subsequently allowed the easy resupply of American forces retaking Manila.[6][7] The operation was so significant that General Douglas MacArthur personally dubbed the soldiers of the 38th Infantry Division as the “Avengers of Bataan.”[8]

Post-World War Two[edit]

Reorganized (less 3d Battalion) and federally recognized 23 May 1947 with headquarters at Evansville 3rd Battalion [former 137th Field Artillery] reorganized and federally recognized 30 December 1947 as the 293d Infantry hereafter separate lineage.

Reorganized 1 February 1959 as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System consist of the 1st and 2d Battle Groups, elements of the 38th Infantry Division.

Reorganized 1 March 1963

Reorganized 1 November 1965 as 2nd Battalion (Mechanized), 152nd Infantry Regiment to consist of HHC (-) (Shelbyville), HHC (Greensburg), Co A (-) (Seymour), Co A (Connersville), Co B (-) (Martinsville), Co B (Columbus), Co C (-) (Salem), Co C (Scottsburg).

Reorganized 1 December 1967 to consist of HHC (Shelbyville), Co A (-) (Richmond), Co A (Connersville), Co B (Martinsville), Co C (New Castle).

Reorganized and redesignated 1 February 1972 with Co A (-) (Richmond) and Co A as Spt Co (Connersville).

(Location of Headquarters (2d Battalion) (Mechanized) changed 1 March 1977 to Camp Atterbury; on 1 November 1979 to Columbus)

Reorganized and redesignated 1 September 1987 with Spt as Co E (AA) (Connersville) and organized Co D (Connersville)

Reorganized and redesignated 1 April 1995 with the Location of Headquarters changed to Marion Indiana, HHC (Marion), Co A (Warsaw), Co B (Winchester), Co C (New Castle), Co D (Muncie), Co E (Connersville).

Al-Anbar province, Iraq.

Iraq War[edit]

From October 2006 to September 2007, Headquarters and Headquarters Company "Team Gator" of 2nd Battalion 152nd Infantry Regiment was operationally assigned as an expeditionary force attached to 1st Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division (United States), with one platoon assigned under the tactical control of United States Marine Corps Regimental Combat Teams.[9]

Team Gator conducted extensive joint combat patrols and enemy clearing operations in both the Ramadi and Fallujah during the some of the most intense fighting of the Iraq campaign.[9]

When 1st Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division departed Ramadi, Team Gator would be assigned to 1st Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division (United States) and would participate in major clearing operations during the Iraq War troop surge of 2007.[9]

Team Gator opened 8 new police stations in Al Anbar Province, including Ramadi and Fallujah; participated in 8 battalion-sized enemy clearing operations; conducted hundreds of joint patrols with Iraqi Security Forces, and killed or captured more than enemy 100 insurgents.[9]

Soldiers in Team Gator received 34 Purple Hearts, 27 Bronze Star Medals (two valor device), the company received the Naval Unit Commendation and the Meritorious Unit Commendation.[9]

Team Gator suffered one K.I.A., SSG Bradley D. King, killed on 2 April 2007, by an improvised explosive device during a raid on a known bomb maker's house in the village of Fuhaylat.[9]

Current Structure[edit]

2nd Battalion (2-152 Infantry)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Civil War Index - 152nd Indiana Infantry". www.civilwarindex.com. Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  2. ^ United States Army viaFix, accessed December 2013.
  3. ^ www.reusserdesign.com, Reusser Design, LLC -. "Iconic Woodpecker Ridge Photo". Camp Comamajo Press. Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  4. ^ "Bataan Death March | World War II". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  5. ^ "THE WAR . Search & Explore . Themes & Topics | PBS". www.pbs.org. Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  6. ^ a b www.reusserdesign.com, Reusser Design, LLC -. "Final Reunion: Company L, 152nd Infantry, 38th ID". Camp Comamajo Press. Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  7. ^ World War II in the Pacific : an encyclopedia. Sandler, Stanley, 1937-. New York: Garland Pub. 2001. ISBN 0815318839. OCLC 44769066. 
  8. ^ "The Avengers of Bataan | pinoyhistory". pinoyhistory.proboards.com. Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "www.ph3llc.com". www.ph3llc.com. Retrieved 2017-10-17.