1534 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1534.
- Luther Bible: Martin Luther's Biblia: das ist die gantze Heilige Schrifft Deudsch, a translation of the complete Bible into German is printed by Hans Lufft in Wittenberg, including woodcut illustrations.
- Cambridge University Press is granted a royal charter by King Henry VIII of England to print "all manner of books" and becomes the first of the privileged presses.
- Rabbi Asher Anchel's Mirkevet ha-Mishneh (a Tanakh concordance) is the first book printed in Yiddish (in Kraków).
- Anthony Fitzherbert – La Novelle Natura Brevium
- François Rabelais (as Alcofribas Nasier) – Gargantua (La vie très horrifique du grand Gargantua, père de Pantagruel)
- Polydore Vergil – Historia Anglica
- Juan Luis Vives – De conscribendis epistolis
- April 18 – William Harrison, clergyman and writer (died 1593)
- October 18 – Jean Passerat, poet and satirist (died 1602)
- November 23 – Otto Brunfels, German botanist and theologian (born 1488)
- Unknown dates