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8th Dalai Lama

Jamphel Gyatso was the 8th Dalai Lama of Tibet. Born in 1758 at Lhari Gang in the Upper Ü-Tsang region of southwestern Tibet his father, Sonam Dhargye and mother, Phuntsok Wangmo, were from Kham, they were distant descendants of Dhrala Tsegyal, one of the major heroes of the Gesar epic. He was escorted to Lhasa and enthroned as the leader of the Tibetan people in the Potala Palace in 7th month of the Water Horse Year when he was five years old; the enthronement ceremony was presided over by Demo Tulku Jamphel Yeshi, the first of a series of Regents to represent the Dalai Lamas when they were minors. The ceremony was held in the'Beyond Mind Temple of the Second Potala', he was the disciple of the Kushok Bakula Rinpoche. The country continued to be ruled by regents until the Wood Dragon Year when the Regent was sent as an ambassador to China and the Dalai Lama ruled alone until 1790, when the Regent returned to help Jamphel Gyatso. In 1788 there was a conflict with Nepali wool traders leading to a skirmish with the Gurkhas.

In 1790 the Gurkhas invaded southern Tibet and conquered several provinces including Nya-nang and Kyi-drong. The city of Shigatse and the Tashilhunpo Monastery were captured and looted but the Gurkhas were driven back to Nepal in 1791 after the Qing dynasty sent troops to Tibet. A peace treaty between the Qing dynasty and Gurkhas was agreed on in 1796, he built the Norbulingka Park and Summer Palace in 1783 on the outskirts of Lhasa. He commissioned an exquisite copper statue of the Buddha for the people of Southern Tibet, brought into India in the 1960s and is now housed at the Library of Tibetan Works & Archives, India. "He was a mild and contemplative person with no great interest in temporal affairs and although he lived to be 45, for most of his life he was content to let a Regent conduct the administration."He died in 1804 at the age of 47. Khetsun Sangpo Rinpoche.. "Life and times of the Eighth to Twelfth Dalai Lamas." The Tibet Journal. Vol. VII Nos. 1 & 2. Spring/Summer 1982, pp. 47–48.

Https://web.archive.org/web/20051213024822/http://www.dalailama.com/page.51.htm Mullin, Glenn H.. The Fourteen Dalai Lamas: A Sacred Legacy of Reincarnation, pp. 322–341. Clear Light Publishers. Santa Fe, New Mexico. ISBN 1-57416-092-3

Battery "C" West Virginia Light Artillery

The Battery "C" West Virginia Light Artillery was an artillery battery that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Battery "C" was organized at Wheeling in western Virginia between January 25, 1862 and March 30, 1862. Battery "C" was mustered out on June 28, 1865, it had a total of 173 men, with 106 enlisting from Washington County, 67 from West Virginia. The 1st West Virginia Light Artillery regiment lost 33 men and died of wounds. OFFICERS Frank Buell 1st Captain Dennis O'Leary Sr. 1st. Lieut. Wallace Hill Jr. 1st. Lieut. John G. Theis Sr. 2nd. Lieut. William W. Withrow Jr. 2nd Lieut. Henry M. Langley Wesley Miner STAFF SERGEANTS F. G. Field Appointed Sr. 2nd. Lieut. 1st. Sergeant Thomas Phelps Q. M. LINE SERGEANTS 1. Owen O'Neil 2. John B. Hagan discharged March 14, 1863 3. Alexander H. Buckley 4. Leonidas R. Miraben 5. David Dow 6. William Goldsmith 7. Albert U. Moore Appointed, vice to Hagan CORPORALS 1. Farrel Cusack 2. William F. Minster 3. William H. Ranger 4. John Lehnhard 5. Jeremiah A. Dooley 6.

James Wright 7. John Meighan 8. John W. Jacobs Appointed Jr. 2d. Lieut 9. Milton H. Laughlin 10. George W. Stanley 11. John N. Miner 12. Lafayette Franks BUGLERS Frank B. Brenan William Jenvey ARTIFICER Samuel S. Patterson David Wagoner CASUALTIES Braddock, S. J. Killed July 2, 1863 Bramhall, Jos Died March 1863 Eaton, John Wounded Bull Run. Holden, Chas. A Died November 10, 1862 Hutchinson, Jos. T Died September 12, 1863 Lacey, Chas Killed July 3, 1863 Perry, JNO Died September 15, 1862 Reynolds, JNO Wounded Cross Keys. Died March 1, 1863 Rogers, M. C. Died March 7, 1863 Steeber, Adam Died July 4, 1863 Strong, Samuel Died August 23, 1863 The Civil War Archive West Virginia Units in the Civil War West Virginia in the Civil War